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Trading The JPY/HUF Forex Exotic Currency Pair

Introduction

In the JPY/HUF currency pair, JPY represents the currency of Japan. On the other hand, HUF is the Hungarian Forint. This currency pair represents the value of Hungarian Forints (quote currency) per Yen (base currency). This pair can be represented as 1 JPY per X HUF. For example, if the value of this currency pair is at 2.91 (CMP), then about 2.9 HUF is required to purchase one JPY.

JPY/HUF Specification

If we want to determine the spread, we should subtract the Bid price and the Ask price. Spread is a trading charge that the broker takes as soon as we open a trade. This value changes with the change of the execution model.

Fees

Every broker takes a trading fee from a trader. The process of taking the fee is almost the same as every broker in the world. Note that the fee is only applicable to ECN accounts.

Slippage

Slippage happens when the execution price and open trade price are not the same. The volatility and the broker’s execution speed are the main cause of slippage.

The trading range is the representation of the minimum, average, and maximum volatility of this pair on the 1H, 4H, 1D, 1W, and 1M timeframe. Using these values, we can assess our profit/loss margin of trade. Hence, this proves to be a helpful risk management tool for all types of traders.

Procedure to assess Pip Ranges

2. Set the period to 1
3. Add a 200-period SMA to this indicator
4. Shrink the chart so you can assess a large time period
6. Measure the floor level and set this value as the min
7. Measure the level of the 200-period SMA and set this as the average
8. Measure the peak levels and set this as Max.

JPYHUF Cost as a Percent of the Trading Range

With the volatility values from the above table, we can determine the chance of cost with the change of volatility. We have got the ratio between total cost and the volatility values and converted them into percentages.

ECN Model Account

Spread = 13 | Slippage = 5 | Trading fee = 8

= 13 + 5 + 8

Total cost = 26

STP Model Account

Spread = 18 | Slippage = 5 | Trading fee = 0

= 18 + 5 + 0

Total cost = 23

The Ideal way to trade the JPYHUF

As per the above data, we can say that JPYHUF is not an extremely volatile pair. Therefore, traders from every level can trade with it and make money. The average cost per trade in the H1 timeframe is at 41.86%, which decreases to almost 1% in a monthly timeframe. As a trader, it is often hard to trade in a timeframe like weekly or monthly, as it is very time-consuming. Therefore, sticking to the hourly to daily timeframe is recommended for traders to minimize the trading cost.

Another way to reduce the cost is to place orders as ‘limit’ and ‘stop’ instead of ‘market’ orders. In limit orders, slippage will not be in the calculation of the total costs. Therefore, in the below example, the total cost will be reduced by five pips.

Limit Model Account (STP Model Account)

Spread = 18 | Slippage = 0 | Trading fee = 0

= 18 + 0 + 0

Total cost = 18

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Analysing The Costs Involved While Trading The AUD/MXN Exotic Pair

Introduction

In this exotic forex pair, the AUD represents the Australian dollar, while the MXN – the Mexican Peso. Exotic currency pairs have higher volatility in the forex market when compared to the other major pairs. Here, AUD is the base currency, where MXN is the quote currency. It means that the AUD/MXN exchange rate shows the amount that 1 AUD can buy in terms of MXN. Let’s say that the exchange rate for the AUD/MXN is 15.0346; it means that 1 AUD can be exchanged for 15.0346 MXN.

AUD/HUF Specification

When you go long in the forex market, you buy the currency pair from your broker at a higher price than when you sell it. The spread in forex is the difference between these two. The spread for the AUD/MXN pair is – ECN: 2 pips | STP: 7 pips

Fees

Some forex brokers charge a commission for every trade on ECN type accounts, depending on the value of the trade. STP accounts do not incur any trading fees.

Slippage

Sometimes when you place a market order, your broker will fill it in with a different price. This is slippage in forex trading; it is caused by increased volatility and the speed at which your broker executes the trade.

Trading Range in the AUD/MXN Pair

The trading range analyzes the spread between the highest and the lowest price movements across multiple timeframes. The trading range analysis ranges from the minimum, average, to the maximum volatility across all timeframes. It is used to assess the potential profitability of a currency pair across all timeframes.

The Procedure to assess Pip Ranges

2. Set the period to 1
3. Add a 200-period SMA to this indicator
4. Shrink the chart so you can determine a larger period
6. Measure the floor level and set this value as the min
7. Measure the level of the 200-period SMA and set this as the average
8. Measure the peak levels and set this as Max.

AUD/MXN Cost as a Percentage of the Trading Range

Further analysis of profitability can be aided by analyzing the percentage of the total cost to the volatility. These costs are put in terms of percentages of the volatility on all timeframes.

ECN Model Account costs

Spread = 2 | Slippage = 2 | Trading fee = 1 | Total cost = 5

STP Model Account

Spread = 7 | Slippage = 2 | Trading fee = 0 | Total cost = 9

The Ideal Timeframe to Trade  AUD/MXN Pair

For the AUD/MXN pair, the ideal trading timeframe appears to be the longer timeframes since trading costs are at their lowest here. We notice that the trading costs for the AUD/MXN pair decrease as the timeframes become longer. Also, note that at longer timeframes, the volatility is higher.

For traders wishing to trade the AUD/MXN pair for the shorter-term, timing their trades with when the volatility increases towards the maximum can help. More so, adopting the use of forex limit orders will lower the trading costs by ensuring there are no slippages.

ECN Account Using Limit Model Account

Total cost = Slippage + Spread + Trading fee = 0 + 2 + 1 = 3

Notice how using the forex limit order types reduces the overall trading costs across all timeframes. The maximum trading cost of the AUD/MXN pair, for instance, decreased from 84.75% of the trading range to 50.85%.

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Costs Involved While Trading The AUD/RUB Forex Exotic Pair

Introduction

AUD is the Australian Dollar, and RUB is the Russian Ruble; AUD/RUB is thus an exotic currency pair. When trading this pair, forex traders should expect relatively high volatility due to its exotic nature.

In this pair, the AUD is the base currency, and the RUB is the quote currency. It means that the AUD/RUB pair’s price represents the amount of Russian Ruble that one Australian Dollar. If the AUD/RUB price is 55.813, it means that you can buy 55.813 Russian Rubles using 1 Australian Dollar.

AUD/RUB Specification

For the AUD/RUB pair, the spread is the difference between the price at which you can buy the pair from a broker and the price at which you can sell it to the broker.

The spread for the AUD/RUB pair is:

ECN: 10 pips | STP: 15 pips

Fees

If you have an ECN account, different brokers will charge you varying fees per trade, depending on the size of your position. For most STP accounts, however, there are no fees levied whenever you open a position.

Slippage

In the forex market, slippage occurs when you open a position, but it is executed at a price different than the one you requested. The primary determinants of slippage are market volatility and your broker’s speed of execution.

Trading Range in the AUD/RUB Pair

Throughout the day, the price of a currency pair fluctuates. This fluctuation, as observed from different timeframes, is known as the trading range. In forex, the trading range can help a trader determine the volatility of a currency pair, hence assess the risks it carries.

The Procedure to assess Pip Ranges

2. Set the period to 1
3. Add a 200-period SMA to this indicator
4. Shrink the chart so you can determine a larger period
6. Measure the floor level and set this value as the min
7. Measure the level of the 200-period SMA and set this as the average
8. Measure the peak levels and set this as Max.

AUD/RUB Cost as a Percentage of the Trading Range

We can combine volatility, slippage, and trading fees to determine the cost of trading a currency pair across different timeframes.

Below are cost percentages for both the ECN and the STP forex accounts. These percentages are in terms of pips.

ECN Model Account

Spread = 10 | Slippage = 2 | Trading fee = 1

Total cost = 13

STP Model Account

Spread = 15 | Slippage = 2 | Trading fee = 0

Total cost = 17

The Ideal Timeframe to Trade the AUD/RUB

In the analyses above, we notice that lower timeframes have low volatility, accompanied by higher trading costs for the AUD/RUB pair. With either the ECN or the STP account, costs are highest when volatility is at the lowest, 3.1 pips. The lowest costs are incurred when volatility is the highest at 802.2 pips.

We can observe that longer-term traders generally enjoy lower trading costs. However, shorter-term traders can reduce their trading costs by trading the AUD/RUB pair when volatility is above average; since costs are lower.

If traders use pending orders, they can eliminate slippage, which lowers the trading costs. Here’s an example with the ECN account.

= 0 + 10 + 1 = 11

You can notice that there is a significant reduction in trading costs. For example, the highest trading cost for the ECN account has reduced from 220.34% to 186.44%.

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Trading The AUD/INR Forex Exotic Pair & Analysing The Costs Involved

Introduction

AUD/INR is an exotic currency pair in the forex market, with the AUD representing the Australian Dollar and the INR representing the Indian Rupee. Here, the AUD is the base currency, and the INR is the quote currency. That means that the AUD/INR price represents the amount of INR which 1AUD can buy. For example, let’s say that the price of the AUD/INR is 52.2654. It means that 1 AUD can buy 52.2654 INR.

AUD/INR Specification

When you go long in forex trading, you have to buy the currency pair from your forex broker. Now, if you decide to sell back the pair to the broker, they will buy it at a lower price than they sold to you. The difference between these two prices – also known as “bid” and “ask” – is the spread.

The spread for the AUD/INR pair is:

ECN: 20 pips | STP: 25 pips

Fees

Some brokers charge a commission for positions opened using ECN accounts. They vary depending on the size of the trade. STP accounts are rarely charged any trading fees.

Slippage

Slippage in Forex is the difference between the execution price of a market order and the price at which that order was placed. The slippage comes about due to increased market volatility or inefficiency on the part of your broker.

Trading Range in the AUD/INR Pair

When a currency pair fluctuates, its volatility varies across different timeframes. The analysis of this volatility in different timeframes is done using the trading range. It can help the trader identify the most suitable timeframes for a particular currency pair.

The trading range is expressed in pips. It shows the value of pips you stand to gain or lose on various timeframes.

The Procedure to assess Pip Ranges

2. Set the period to 1
3. Add a 200-period SMA to this indicator
4. Shrink the chart so you can determine a larger period
6. Measure the floor level and set this value as the min
7. Measure the level of the 200-period SMA and set this as the average
8. Measure the peak levels and set this as Max.

AUD/INR Cost as a Percentage of the Trading Range

Expressing the total trading costs of a currency pair as a percentage of the trading range helps to understand the trading costs that pair on multiple timeframes. It shows how the trading costs change with volatility.

Below are the trading costs for the AUD/INR  pair on ECN and STP accounts.

ECN Model Account Costs

Spread = 20 | Slippage = 2 | Trading fee = 1

Total cost = 23

STP Model Account

Spread = 25 | Slippage = 2 | Trading fee = 0

Total cost = 27

The Ideal Timeframe to Trade AUD/INR Pair

From the above analyses, we can observe that the lowest trading costs of the AUD/INR pair are on longer timeframes. The lowest trading costs for both the ECN and the STP accounts are when the AUD/INR volatility is at the highest – 518.3 pips. While the shorter timeframes have higher trading costs, intraday traders can take advantage of the maximum volatility periods during these timeframes.

Furthermore, traders can reduce the trading costs by implementing forex limit orders instead of market orders, which are prone to slippages. Here is an example of how the limit orders remove the slippage costs.

ECN Account Using Limit Model Account

= 0 + 20 + 1 = 21

You can notice that the forex limit orders lowers the overall costs by making the slippage cost 0. In this scenario, the highest trading cost has been reduced from 389.83% to 355.93%.

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Introduction

The CAD/EGP is an exotic currency pair with the CAD representing the Canadian Dollar, and EGP – the Egyptian Pound. Forex trading in such an exotic currency pair is accompanied by higher volatility. The CAD is the base currency, while the EGP is the quote currency in this pair. Therefore, the price attached to this pair shows the amount of EGP that 1 CAD can buy. Let’s say that the price of CAD/EGP is 11.7692. This price means that for every 1 CAD, you can buy 11.7692 EGP.

In the forex market, the difference between the buying and selling prices of a currency pair is called the spread. The spread for CAD/EGP is: ECN: 3.7 pips | STP: 8.7 pips

Fees

There are no broker fees associated with the STP accounts. For the ECN account, however, the trading fee is determined by your broker.

Slippage

Slippage in forex is the difference between the price that a trader requests the broker to complete a trade and the price that the broker executes the trade. This difference is determined by the brokers’ speed of execution and market volatility.

Forex traders endeavor to know the average number of pips that a particular currency pair moves within a given timeframe. The trading range represents the volatility of a currency pair within a particular timeframe. The knowledge of a pair’s trading range makes for a useful risk management tool.

If, for example, during the 1-hour timeframe, the CAD/EGP pair has a trading range of 10 pips, then someone trading this pair can expect to gain or lose \$8.5 within this period. Below is a table showing the minimum, average, and maximum volatility of CAD/EGP across different timeframes.

The Procedure to assess Pip Ranges

2. Set the period to 1
3. Add a 200-period SMA to this indicator
4. Shrink the chart so you can determine a larger period
6. Measure the floor level and set this value as the min
7. Measure the level of the 200-period SMA and set this as the average
8. Measure the peak levels and set this as Max.

In the forex market, trading costs include brokers’ fees, slippage, and spread. i.e.

Below are analyses of percentage costs (in pips) to be expected when trading the CAD/EGP pair using either the ECN or the STP account.

ECN Model Account

Spread = 3.7 | Slippage = 2 | Trading fee = 1

Total cost = 6.7

STP Model Account

Spread = 8.7 | Slippage = 2 | Trading fee = 0

Total cost = 10.7

As can be seen from the tables above, trading the 1-hour timeframe with either the ECN or the STP account carries the highest trading costs. We can deduce that during times of low volatility, the trading costs are higher. However, for short term traders, timing their trades when volatility is above average during the 1H, 2H, 4H, and the 1D timeframes ensure they incur lower trading costs with the CAD/EGP pair.

The higher timeframes provide the longer-term traders of the CAD/EGP pair lower trading costs. Forex traders can reduce the trading costs by using limit order types, which removes the risks of slippage. Here’s a demonstration of how this works in the ECN account.

= 0 + 3.7 + 1 =4.7

Notice that when the slippage cost is eliminated by using limit orders, the total costs are significantly reduced. The highest cost, for example, reduces from 113.56% to 79.66%.

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Introduction

In this currency pair, the CAD is the base currency, and the PHP is the quote currency. The CAD/PHP pair price represents the quantity of the PHP that can be bought by 1 CAD. If the CAD/PHP price is 36.181, it means that for every 1 CAD you have, you can buy 36.181 PHP.

In forex trading, the spread is the difference in the value at which a trader can buy a currency pair and the price at which they can sell it.

ECN: 10 pips | STP: 15 pips

Fees

There are no trading fees associated with STP accounts. However, for the ECN accounts, the trading fees that you will incur per transaction are determined by your forex broker.

Slippage

When trading forex, slippage occurs when there is a difference between the price at which you place your trade and the price at which your broker executes it. Slippage in forex frequently happens at times of higher volatility or when significantly larger orders are made.

Forex traders should know how a given currency pair changes within different timeframes. This change in terms of pips is referred to as the trading range. It is used to analyze the historical volatility of a given pair across different timeframes. Therefore, the trading range can be used to determine the amount of profit that a trader should expect to earn.

The Procedure to assess Pip Ranges

2. Set the period to 1
3. Add a 200-period SMA to this indicator.
4. Shrink the chart so you can determine a larger period
6. Measure the floor level and set this value as the min
7. Measure the level of the 200-period SMA and set this as the average
8. Measure the peak levels and set this as Max.

Therefore, forex traders should be aware of how these costs vary during different timeframes depending on the pip change of the currency they trade.

The tables below are of the percentage costs that can be expected when trading the CAD/PHP pair under the ECN and STP account types. The costs are expressed as pips.

ECN Model Account

Spread = 10 | Slippage = 2 | Trading fee = 1

Total cost = 13

STP Model Account

Spread = 15 | Slippage = 2 | Trading fee = 0

Total cost = 17

From the above trading range cost analysis, the most cost is incurred at the 1H timeframe at 220.34% for the ECN account and 288.14% for the STP account. These costs imply that it is not ideal to trade during times of low volatility of about 2.3 pips. However, the trading costs associated with the 1H, 2H, 4H, and the 1D timeframes are lower when the market volatility is above average. Intraday traders can time their entry when the volatility of the CAD/PHP is above average.

The longer timeframes for both types of accounts have lower trading costs associated with them. Thus, longer-term traders can get to enjoy lower costs.

Forex traders can also significantly reduce their trading costs by employing limit order types to ensure they do not experience slippage costs. Let’s look at the total costs when slippage is zero with the ECN account.

= 0 + 10 + 1 =11

With the ECN account, the highest trading cost reduces from 220.334% to 169.49%, showing that using the limit order types significantly reduces the trading costs.

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Costs Involved While Trading The JPY/LKR Forex Exotic Pair

Introduction

JPYLKR is a forex exotic currency pair, where JPY is Japan’s currency, and LKR is the currency of Sri Lanka. In this currency pair, JPY is the first currency, and the LKR is the second currency. The JPYLKR shows how much LKR is needed to have one JPY. It is quoted as 1 JPY per X LKR. For example, if the value of this currency pair is at 1.7686, then almost 1.7686 LKR is required to purchase one JPY.

JPYLKR Specification

The spread comes from the difference between the Ask and Bid price that a broker take as a charge. This value is set by the broker. However, it varies on the type of execution model used for executing the trades. Below are the ECN and STP values of JPY/LKR forex exotic pair.

Fees

Every broker takes fees from trading, which is similar to the stock market. However, there is no fee on STP accounts, but a few pips on ECN accounts.

Slippage

Sometimes the entry price and execution price does not match, which is known as Slippage. The reason for slippage is the market volatility and the broker’s execution speed.

Procedure to assess Pip Ranges

2. Set the period to 1
3. Add a 200-period SMA to this indicator
4. Shrink the chart so you can assess a large time period
6. Measure the floor level and set this value as the min
7. Measure the level of the 200-period SMA and set this as the average
8. Measure the peak levels and set this as Max.

JPYLKR Cost as a Percent of the Trading Range

With the volatility values from the above table, we can determine the chance of cost with volatility changes. We have got the ratio between total cost and volatility and converted into percentages.

ECN Model Account

Spread = 19 | Slippage = 5 | Trading fee = 8

= 19 + 5 + 8

Total cost = 32

STP Model Account

Spread = 24 | Slippage = 3 | Trading fee = 0

= 19 + 5 + 0

Total cost = 27

The Ideal way to trade the JPYLKR

The JPYLKR has enough volatility and liquidity. Hence, trading in this currency pair is straightforward and profitable. The above table’s percentage values are within 300%, which is an indication of stable volatility. Therefore, the costs are low irrespective of the timeframe and volatility you trade.

Digging it a little deeper, there is an inverse relationship between the cost and volatility. In a lower timeframe, the volatility is higher, and the cost is lower. However, in a higher timeframe, the volatility is lower, but the cost is higher. In this situation, traders should focus on trading when the volatility is on the average value. Therefore, it will be cost-efficient for all traders.

Furthermore, traders can quickly reduce costs by placing ‘limit’ and ‘stop’ orders. Because by using limit orders, the Slippage can be totally avoided, and the total costs get reduced. In our example, the total cost will be reduced by five pips, as shown below.

Using Limit Orders

Spread = 19 | Slippage = 0 | Trading fee = 0

= 19 + 0 + 0

Total cost = 19

Categories

Trading The CAD/ZAR Forex Cross Currency Pair & Analyzing The Costs Involved

Introduction

The CAD/ZAR is an Exotic forex currency cross. CAD represents the Canadian Dollar, and the ZAR corresponds to the South African Rand. CAD is the base currency in this pair, while the ZAR is the quote currency. This pair’s exchange rate shows the value of the ZAR, which is equivalent to 1 CAD. If the pair’s exchange rate is 12.7969, it means that 12.7969 ZAR is equivalent to 1 CAD.

The spread in forex is calculated by subtracting the bid price from the asking price. Brokers determine the spread since it’s their primary source of revenue. Below is the spread charges for ECN and STP brokers for CAD/ZAR pair.

ECN: 39 pips | STP: 44 pips

Fees

Forex traders with the ECN type accounts have to pay a commission to their brokers for every position they open. Brokers do not charge any trading fees on STP accounts.

Slippage

The difference between the trade price preferred by a trader and the broker’s execution price is the slippage. In forex, slippage depends on market volatility and the speed at which the broker executes the trade.

The trading range is best described as the analysis of how the exchange rate of a currency fluctuates across different timeframes. This analysis will help to estimate the expected returns from trading a particular currency pair. If, for example, on the 1-hour timeframe, the volatility of the CAD/ZAR is ten pips, a trader can expect to gain or lose \$78. The trading range for the CAD/ZAR pair is shown below.

The Procedure to assess Pip Ranges

2. Set the period to 1
3. Add a 200-period SMA to this indicator
4. Shrink the chart so you can determine a larger period
6. Measure the floor level and set this value as the min
7. Measure the level of the 200-period SMA and set this as the average
8. Measure the peak levels and set this as Max.

To make an informed risk management decision when trading the CAD/ZAR pair, we can analyze how the trading costs vary across different timeframes with different volatilities. Here are the cost analyses for the CAD/ZAR pair for both ECN and STP accounts.

ECN Model Account

Spread = 39 | Slippage = 2 | Trading fee = 1

Total cost = 42

STP Model Account

Spread = 44 | Slippage = 2 | Trading fee = 0

Total cost = 46

We can notice that shorter timeframes have higher trading costs than the longer timeframes for both the ECN and the STP accounts. Also, across all timeframes, the trading costs reduce as the trading range of the CADZAR pair increases from minimum to maximum.

Although longer-term traders enjoy lesser trading costs, intraday traders can reduce their trading costs by trading when the volatility ranges between medium to the maximum. We can also further reduce the trading costs by implementing forex limit orders, which ensures that slippage does not affect your prices. Here is how trading costs can be reduced using forex limit orders.

ECN Account Using Limit Model Account

= 0 + 39 + 1 = 40

Using limit orders has significantly reduced trading costs. For the CAD/ZAR pair, the highest cost has been reduced from 711.86% of the trading range to 677.97%.

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Trading The CAD/SEK Forex Exotic Currency Pair & Analyzing The Costs Involved

Introduction

CAD/SEK is a Forex exotic currency pair, where CAD is the primary currency of Canada, and SEK (Swedish Krona) is the currency of Sweden. In this exotic currency pair, CAD is considered the base currency, and SEK as the quote currency. This pair’s price determines the value of SEK, which is equivalent to one CAD. We can quote it as 1 CAD per X numbers of SEK. For example, if the CADSEK pair’s value is at 6.5877, we would need almost 6.5877 SEK to buy one CAD.

In all the financial markets, the spread represents the difference between the Bid and Ask prices. It is typically a charge that is deducted by the Forex broker. These spread values vary on the type of execution model used for trade execution.

The spread of the CAD/SEK pair on ECN is 39 pips, and on the STP model account is 44 pips.

Fees

The trading fees that forex brokers are similar to the stock market. It is deducted from the traders’ accounts as soon as they open a new position. There is no fee charged on STP accounts, but a few pips are charged on ECN accounts.

Slippage

Slippage occurs when a trader opens a trade at a price, but it opens at another price by expanding the spread. The main reason for the slippage to occur is the market volatility and the broker’s execution speed.

Procedure to assess Pip Ranges

2. Set the period to 1
3. Add a 200-period SMA to this indicator
4. Shrink the chart so you can assess a large time period
6. Measure the floor level and set this value as the min
7. Measure the level of the 200-period SMA and set this as the average
8. Measure the peak levels and set this as Max.

The below tables represent the percentage values of trading costs involved while trading this particular Forex asset in various time frames. Please note that these values must be used for directional purposes only. So, for instance, if the percentage of costs involved is high in the one-hour time frame, it implies that this pair is expensive to trade in that particular time frame.

ECN Model Account

Spread = 39 | Slippage = 5 | Trading fee = 8

= 39 + 5 + 8 = 52

STP Model Account

Spread = 44 | Slippage = 5 | Trading fee = 0

= 39 + 5 + 0 = 49

The CAD/SEK is an exotic cross currency pair with sufficient liquidity. As a result, traders may find it easy to trade in this pair. If we look at the table, we would see that the percentage values did not move above 65%, representing a lower trading fee even in the lower timeframe. Therefore, trading in this currency pair is suitable for intraday, swing, and even scalping. However, the best decision is to trade when the cost of trading is at the average value.

There is another way to reduce the cost while trading this pair, and it is to place a pending order. We can either place a limit or stop order instead of the market order. In that case, the slippage won’t be considered while calculating the total costs. Therefore, in our example, the overall cost will be reduced by five pips, as shown below.

STP Model Account (Using Limit Orders)

Spread = 44 | Slippage = 0 | Trading fee = 0

= 44 + 0 + 0 = 44

Categories

Introduction

CAD/SGD is a Forex exotic currency pair where CAD represents the Canadian Dollar and the SGD, – the Singapore Dollar. For this pair, the CAD is the base currency, and the SGD is the quote currency. Therefore, the price attached to the pair is the quantity of the SGD that can be bought by 1 CAD. If the price of the CAD/SGD pair is 1.0289, it means that 1 CAD dollar buys for 1.0289 SGD.

ECN: 7 pips | STP: 12 pips

Fees

For every individual trade made on an ECN account, one has to pay a commission. This fee varies with the broker and depends on the type of trade executed and the currency being traded. STP accounts do not have fees.

Slippage

In forex trading, slippage is the difference in the price in which a trader initiates a trade and the price at which it is executed. Slippage is a direct result of the brokers’ speed of execution and market volatility.

In forex, the trading range shows the fluctuation of a currency pair within s specific timeframe. The trading range is useful to estimate potential profit or loss from trading different timeframes. For example, if the CAD/SGD pair fluctuates ten pips in the 2-hour timeframe, it means that a trader can expect to either gain or lose \$97 by trading one standard lot.

Below is a table showing the minimum, average, and maximum volatility of CAD/SGD across different timeframes.

The Procedure to assess Pip Ranges

2. Set the period to 1
3. Add a 200-period SMA to this indicator
4. Shrink the chart so you can determine a larger period
6. Measure the floor level and set this value as the min
7. Measure the level of the 200-period SMA and set this as the average
8. Measure the peak levels and set this as Max.

Cost expressed as the Percentage of the trading range helps a forex trader establish the anticipated trading costs under different market volatility across different timeframes.

The tables below show the percentage costs to be expected when trading the CAD/SGD pair. The costs are expressed as a percentage of pips.

ECN Model Account

Spread = 7 | Slippage = 2 | Trading fee = 1

Total cost = 10

STP Model Account

Spread = 12 | Slippage = 2 | Trading fee = 0

Total cost = 14

We can see that in both the ECN and the STP accounts, costs are higher when volatility is at a minimum across all timeframes. Furthermore, we can observe that these costs tend to reduce when the volatility increases to the maximum.

For the CAD/SGD pair, costs are highest when volatility is at the lowest at 0.02 pips during the 1-hour timeframe. Conversely, the trading costs are lowest at the 1-month timeframe when volatility is at a maximum of 8.7 pips. Since high volatility can be risky and low volatility less profitable, forex traders should consider trading during times of average volatility.

More so, traders can increase their profitability by eliminating the costs associated with slippage. By using limit instead of market orders, forex traders can avoid experiencing slippage when entering and exiting positions.

Let’s have a look at how zero slippage cost affects the total costs.

ECN Account Using Limit Model Account

= 0 + 7 + 1 = 8

Notice that using the limit order type reduces the overall costs. The highest cost, for example, has reduced from 169.49% to 135.59%.

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Trading The NZD/HKD Forex Exotic Currency Pair

Introduction

NZD represents the official currency of New Zealand, while HKD is the official currency of Hong Kong. It is an exotic-cross currency pair where NZD is the base currency, and HKD the quote currency. The price of NZDHKD determines the value of HKD, which is equivalent to one NZD. In other words, this pair represents 1 NZD per X HKD. For example, if the pair is trading at 5.14452, we would need about 5.1 HKD to purchase one NZD.

NZD/HKD Specification

To get the Spread value, we just have to subtract the Bid price from the Ask price. The value of the spread is set by a broker. However, the amount in pips depends on the type of execution model used for executing the trades.

Fees

Like other financial markets, Forex has some fees that a trader needs to pay while they take a trade. Note that the broker does not take any fee on STP accounts, but a few fees are charged on ECN model accounts.

Slippage

The slippage is a set of pips formed by the difference between the demanded price by the trader and the execution price by the broker. The main reason for the occurrence of slippage is market volatility or the broker’s execution speed.

Procedure to assess Pip Ranges

2. Set the period to 1
3. Add a 200-period SMA to this indicator
4. Shrink the chart so you can assess a large time period
6. Measure the floor level and set this value as the min
7. Measure the level of the 200-period SMA and set this as the average
8. Measure the peak levels and set this as Max.

NZD/HKD Cost as a Percent of the Trading Range

The volatility values from the above table show how the cost varies with the change in volatility. The ratio between total cost and the volatility values reconverted into percentages to have a better outlook.

ECN Model Account

Spread = 31 | Slippage = 5 | Trading fee = 8

= 31 + 5 + 8

Total cost = 44

STP Model Account

Spread = 35 | Slippage = 1 | Trading fee = 0

= 35 + 1 + 0 = 36

The Ideal way to trade the NZD/HKD

The NZDHKD is a pair with high liquidity. Therefore, trading this exotic currency pair seems to be feasible. We can see from the above table that the highest Percentage of values are barely above 100%. It means this currency pair is relatively less expensive to trade.

The most significant costs are in the hourly timeframe only, as the costs in 2H, 4H, and daily timeframes are also low. However, every trader should avoid the volatile market condition. Therefore, the best way to trade this pair is to look out for the possibilities to be on lower timeframes also while sticking to the average volatile level.

Also, traders can reduce the trading costs further by eliminating market orders and placing orders as ‘limit’ and ‘stop.’ In this case, slippage can completely be avoided. Please go through the below table to further understand this.

STP Model Account (Using Limit Orders)

Spread = 31 | Slippage = 0 | Trading fee = 0

= 31 + 0 + 0 = 31

Categories

Asset Analysis – Trading The NZD/QAR Forex Exotic Pair

Introduction

NZD is the authorized currency of New Zealand, while the QAR (Qatari Rial) is the official currency of Qatar. The combination of these two currencies forms the NZDQAR exotic pair. As a trader, we aim to identify the possible movement in this pair by an appropriate analysis method and make money from the differential.

Understanding NZD/QAR

In every currency pair, the first currency is known as the base currency, and the second currency is known as the quote currency. We can quote it as 1 NZD per X numbers of QAR. For example, if the NZDQAR pair’s value is at 2.4460; therefore, we need almost 2.4460 QAR to buy one NZD.

NZD/QAR Specification

The bid price is the price level that buyers are willing to pay when they buy an instrument. Similarly, ask price is the lowest price that a seller is willing to pay when they sell a currency pair. The difference between these prices is known as Spread. This value changes with the change of the execution model.

Fees

The fee or commission in Forex is similar to the one that is pair to stockbrokers where it is automatically deducted from traders’ accounts when they take a trade. However, an STP account does not take any fees but a few pips on ECN accounts.

Slippage

There is some market condition when we enter a buy or sell trade, but the trade opens some pips higher or lower, known as Slippage. The Slippage might happen when the market is volatile.

Procedure to assess Pip Ranges

2. Set the period to 1
3. Add a 200-period SMA to this indicator
4. Shrink the chart so you can assess a large time period
6. Measure the floor level and set this value as the min
7. Measure the level of the 200-period SMA and set this as the average
8. Measure the peak levels and set this as Max.

NZDQAR Cost as a Percent of the Trading Range

With the volatility values obtained from the above table, we can see how the cost varies as the volatility of the market varies. All we did is, got the ratio between the total cost and the volatility values and converted into percentages.

ECN Model Account

Spread = 12 | Slippage = 5 | Trading fee = 8

= 12 + 5 + 8 = 25

STP Model Account

Spread = 17 | Slippage = 5 | Trading fee = 0

= 17 + 5 + 0 = 22

The Ideal way to trade the NZD/QAR

The NZD/QAR is a currency pair that has a lot of volatility and liquidity. Therefore, it is easier for a trader to trade this exotic-cross currency. If we analyze the table mentioned above, we can say that the H1 timeframe has the highest cost as a percentage of the trading range at an average of 44.64%, where the average movement is almost 56 pips. The increase in volatility provides higher price fluctuation, but it is often risky for a trader as there is a possibility of unwanted stop loss hit and reverse back.

Moreover, in the monthly timeframe, the price of the NZD/QAR provides an excellent movement with a low cost of an average of 0.77% only. Therefore, if we trade this pair in a higher timeframe, we might reduce the risk of market volatility. We can also use limit orders in the place of market orders to further reduce the costs, as shown below.

STP Model Account (Using Limit Orders)

Spread = 12 | Slippage = 0 | Trading fee = 0

= 12 + 0 + 0 = 12

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Analyzing The Costs Involved While Trading The NZD/SGD Exotic Forex Pair

Introduction

NZD/SGD is the abbreviation for the native currencies of New Zealand and Singapore. It is considered an exotic pair, where NZD is the first (base) currency, and SGD is the second (quote) currency.

Understanding NZDSGD

This pair’s price determines the value of SGD, which is equivalent to one New Zealand Dollar, NZD. We can quote it as 1 NZD per X number of SGD. For example, if the NZDSGD pair’s value is at 0.90759, we need almost 0.90759 SGD to buy one NZD.

NZDSGD Specification

The spread comes from the difference between the bid and the ask prices offered by the broker. This value is controlled by the brokers; therefore, traders don’t have a say in this. This value varies on the type of execution used for performing the trades. Below are the ECN and STP values for NZD/SGD currency pair.

Fees

The fee or commission in Forex is similar to the one that is paid to stockbrokers, where it is automatically deducted from traders’ accounts when they take a trade. Note that there are no fees on STP trading accounts, but a few pips are charged on ECN accounts.

Slippage

Slippage happens when a trader tries to open a trade in a price, but it opens at another price. The main reason to occur slippage is the market volatility and the broker’s execution speed.

Procedure to assess Pip Ranges

2. Set the period to 1
3. Add a 200-period SMA to this indicator
4. Shrink the chart so you can assess a large time period
6. Measure the floor level and set this value as the min
7. Measure the level of the 200-period SMA and set this as the average
8. Measure the peak levels and set this as Max.

NZDSGD Cost as a Percent of the Trading Range

If we look at the volatility values at the above table, we can see how the cost changes with the change in volatility of the market. We just have got that ratio and converted into percentages.

ECN Model Account

Spread = 26 | Slippage = 5 | Trading fee = 8

= 26 + 5 + 8

Total cost = 39

STP Model Account

Spread = 26 | Slippage = 5 | Trading fee = 0

= 26 + 5 + 0

Total cost = 31

The Ideal way to trade the NZDSGD

The NZDSGD is a currency pair that has a lot of volatility and liquidity. Therefore, it is easier for a trader to trade this currency pair. The above-mentioned percentage values are all within almost 500%. It is an indication that the cost is higher in the lower timeframe and lowers in the higher timeframe.

In other words, the cost rises with an increase in volatility. Therefore, the risk of this pair is that it is highly volatile. However, the best time to trade in this pair is when the volatility is at the average value. A decrease in volatility is ineffective, while the increase in volatility is risky. Therefore, sticking to the average value is suitable for this pair.

Furthermore, there’s an additional way to lessen the cost of the trades you execute. This is by placing a pending order as a ‘limit’ order instead of a ‘market’ order. In this case, there will be no slippage. So, in this example, the total cost will be reduced by five pips.

STP Model Account (Using Limit Orders)

Spread = 26 | Slippage = 0 | Trading fee = 0

= 26 + 0 + 0

Total cost = 26

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Introduction

CADNOK is a Forex currency pair, where CAD is the official currency of Canada, and NOK is the native currency of Norway. In this exotic pair, CAD is the base currency, and NOK is the quote currency.

This pair’s price determines the value of NOK, which is equivalent to one CAD. We can quote it as 1 CAD per X numbers of NOK. For example, if the CADNOK pair’s value is at 6.7135, it means we need almost 6.7135 NOK to buy one CAD.

In forex trading, Spread indicates the difference between the Bid price and the Ask prices. Traders don’t have to do anything with this as it is deducted by the broker. This value changes with the type of execution model used for executing the trades. Below are the ECN and STP spread values of this currency pair.

Fees

The trading fees that forex brokers take are similar to other financial markets. It is deducted from the traders’ accounts when they take a trade. Note that STP accounts do not take any charge, but a few pips are charged in ECN accounts.

Slippage

Slippage happens when a trader opens a trade at a price, but it opens at another price by expanding the Spread. The main reason to occur slippage is the market volatility and the broker’s execution speed.

The trading range is the representation of the minimum, average, and the maximum volatility of this pair on the 1H, 4H, 1D, 1W, and 1M timeframe. Using these values, we can assess our profit/loss margin of trade. Hence, this proves to be a helpful risk management tool for all types of traders.

Procedure to assess Pip Ranges

2. Set the period to 1
3. Add a 200-period SMA to this indicator
4. Shrink the chart so you can assess a large time period
6. Measure the floor level and set this value as the min
7. Measure the level of the 200-period SMA and set this as the average
8. Measure the peak levels and set this as Max.

If we look at the volatility values from the above table, we can see how the cost changes with the change in volatility. We have provided the ratio between the cost and the volatility values into percentages.

ECN Model Account

Spread = 39 | Slippage = 5 | Trading fee = 8

= 39 + 5 + 8

Total cost = 52

STP Model Account

Spread = 39 | Slippage = 5 | Trading fee = 0

= 39 + 5 + 0

Total cost = 44

The CADNOK is an exotic currency pair that has enough liquidity. As a result, traders may find it easy to trade in this exotic currency pair. The percentage values from the above table did not move above 138%, which is an indication of less volatility. However, the Percentage of trading cost is lower in the higher timeframe.

Therefore, traders should be cautious to determine the price where trading is suitable. An increase in volatility is risky, while the decrease in volatility is less profitable. Therefore, the best time to trade in this pair is when the volatility remains at the average value.

Furthermore, another way to reduce the cost is to place a pending order as ‘limit’ and ‘stop’ instead of ‘market.’ In that case, the slippage will not be considered in the calculation of the total costs. So, the total cost will be reduced by five pips.

STP Account Using Limit Model Account

Spread = 39 | Slippage = 0 | Trading fee = 0

= 39 + 0 + 0

Total cost = 39

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Costs Involved While Trading The NZD/INR Forex Currency Pair

Introduction

The abbreviation of NZD/INR is the New Zealand Dollar paired with the Indian Rupee. Here, NZD is the official currency of New Zealand, and Indian Rupee is India’s currency. Like other currency pairs, NZD/INR provides some decent movement that allows traders to make money from the forex market.

Understanding NZD/INR

In NZD/INR currency pairs, NZD is the base currency (First Currency), and the INR is the quote currency (Second Currency). In a currency pair’s sell trade, we trade the base currency to buy the quote currency and vice versa. Therefore, if the NZD/INR pair is trading at 49.02, it means we should have 49.02 INR to buy 1 NZD.

As price and bid price is a common term in the forex market, most of the traders should know. The price represents the price in which we sell a currency pair. On the other hand, the bid price is the price at which we take a buy trade.

The difference between the asking price and the bid price is called the spread, usually a charge that the broker takes from a trader. Below are the spread values for the NZD/INR Forex pair.

ECN: 36 pips | STP: 41 pips

Fees

A Fee is a cost that traders pay to the broker as a charge to take a trade. This fee differs on the type of broker (ECN/STP) we use.

Slippage

In some cases, when we take a trade at a particular price, it might ignore the level and open the trade at another price, which is usually known as Slippage. The Slippage can occur at any price level and at any time, usually when the market remains volatile.

Our aim as a trader is to eliminate losses and minimize trading risks. The trading range here will indicate how much we will make as a profit or loss within a timeframe. To calculate the exact value, we will use ATR is a technical indicator that suggests the price movement in a currency pair. In the lower table, we interpret the minimum, average, and maximum pip movement in a currency pair. We will assess it merely by using the ATR indicator merged with 200-period SMA.

Procedure to assess Pip Ranges

2. Set the period to 1
3. Add a 200-period SMA to this indicator
4. Shrink the chart so you can assess a considerable time period
6. Measure the floor level and set this value as the min
7. Measure the level of the 200-period SMA and set this as the average
8. Measure the peak levels and set this as Max.
9. NZD/INR Cost as a Percent of the Trading Range

The price of trade differs on the type of brokers and varies based on the volatility of the market. The full cost of trade involves fees, spread, and sometimes Slippage if the volatility is higher.

ECN Model Account

Total cost = Slippage + Spread + Trading Fee = 5 + 36 + 8 = 49

STP Model Account

Spread = 41 | Slippage = 5 | Trading fee = 0

Total cost = Slippage + Spread + Trading Fee = 5 + 41 + 0 = 46

The Ideal way to trade the NZD/INR

Considering the table, we should evaluate these two factors to make trading decisions in the NZD/INR pair. The trading cost and volatility are two critical factors that trade should contemplate when trading in the currency market.

In timeframes, we can see the price movement fluctuates from the minimum volatility and the average volatility. As a trader, we aim to make a profit from this pip movement and variation. However, it often becomes challenging to make a profit if there is no sufficient variant in the pip value. As per the price mentioned above, the NZD/INR pair is profitable in swing trading and day trading.

Categories

How Expensive Is It To Trade The NZD/MYR Currency Pair

Introduction

The abbreviation of NZD/MYR is the New Zealand Dollar paired with the Malaysian Ringgit. Here, NZD is the official currency of New Zealand and many others like the Pitcairn Islands and the Cook Islands. It is also to be the tenth most traded currency in the Foreign exchange market. MYR stands for the Malaysian Ringgit, and it is the official currency of Malaysia, which is further divided into 100 sens.

Understanding NZD/MYR

In NZD/MYR currency pairs, NZD is the base currency (First Currency), and the MYR is the quote currency (Second Currency). In the foreign exchange market, while we sell the currency pair, we always trade the base currency and simultaneously purchase the quote currency and vice versa. The market value of NZD/MYR helps us to understand the intensity of MYR against the NZD. So if the exchange value for the pair NZD/MYR is 2.7977, it means we need 2.7977 MYR to buy 1 NZD.

Foreign brokers hold two different prices for currency pairs: the ask and bid price. The ask (offer) price is the price in which we sell an asset, and bid(purchase) is the cost at which we buy it. The difference between the ask-bid price is called the spread. Below are the spread values for the NZD/MYR Forex pair.

ECN: 38 pips | STP: 43 pips

Fees

A Fee is the costs that we tradesmen pay to the broker for initiating a trade. This fee differs on the type of broker (ECN/STP) we use.

Slippage

When we want to achieve a trade at an appropriate price, but instead, if the trade gets fulfilled at a distinctive price, we call that distinction as Slippage. The Slippage can occur at any point in time, but often we can counter a volatile market.

As a trader, our main interest should be to prevent losses and minimize risks. The trading range here will ascertain the amount of income we will make or lose within a timeframe. ATR is a technical indicator that suggests the price movement in a currency pair. In the lower table, we have the interpretation of the minimum, average, and maximum pip movement in a currency pair. We will assess it merely by using the ATR indicator merged with 200-period SMA.

Procedure to assess Pip Ranges

2. Set the period to 1
3. Add a 200-period SMA to this indicator
4. Shrink the chart so you can assess a large time period
6. Measure the floor level and set this value as the min
7. Measure the level of the 200-period SMA and set this as the average
8. Measure the peak levels and set this as Max.

NZD/MYR Cost as a Percent of the Trading Range

The price of trade differs on the type of brokers and varies based on the volatility of the market. The full cost of trade involves fees, spread, and sometimes Slippage if the volatility is higher.

ECN Model Account

Total cost = Slippage + Spread + Trading Fee = 5 + 38 + 8 = 51

STP Model Account

Spread = 43 | Slippage = 5 | Trading fee = 0

Total cost = Slippage + Spread + Trading Fee = 5 + 43 + 0 = 48

The Ideal way to trade the NZD/MYR

With the assistance of the above tables, let us estimate these two factors to the trade the NZD/MYR pair. Volatility and cost are two aspects a trader must contemplate for trading any currency pair in the foreign exchange market.

In several timeframes, we can see the pip movement is tremendously elevated between the min volatility and the avg volatility. As a day trader, the objective is to attain profits from the pip variation of the market. It becomes challenging to make profits from the market if there is no variation in the pip value. Hence, trading this pair can be considered both profitable and risky. The answer to the question if trading this pair is expensive, is yes.

Trading using Limit Orders (STP Account Model)

To decline our expenses of trade, we can place the trades using limit orders as a substitute for market orders. In doing so, we can avoid the Slippage that will help lower the total cost of the trade. An instance of a Limit order is given below using the STP model.

Spread = 43 | Slippage = 0 | Trading fee = 0

Total cost = Slippage + Spread + Trading Fee = 0 + 43 + 0 = 43

Categories

How Expensive Is It To Trade The NZD/DKK Forex pair?

Introduction

NZD is the symbol of the New Zealand dollar, and it is the 10th most traded currency in the Foreign Exchange market. It is the official currency of New Zealand and some other countries like Cook Islands, Niue, the Ross Dependency. Whereas DKK stands for Danish Krone, and it is the official currency of Denmark, Greenland, and the Faroe Islands.

The currencies in the Foreign exchange market are traded in pairs. NZD/DKK is the acronym for the New Zealand dollar against the Danish Krone. In this case, the first currency (NZD) is the base currency, and the second (DKK) is the quote currency.

Understanding NZD/DKK

To find the comparative value of one currency in the Forex market, we need another currency to evaluate. If the value of the first(base) currency goes down, the value of the second (quote) currency moves up and vice versa. The market value of NZD/DKK determines the strength of DKK against the NZD. It can be clearly understood as 1 NZD is equal to how much of DKK. So if the exchange price for the pair NZD/DKK is 4.1943, it means we need 4.1943 DKK to buy 1 NZD.

Forex brokers have two different rates for currency pairs: the bid & ask price. Here the “bid” price at which we can OFFER the base currency, and The “ask” price is at which we can ACQUIRE the base currency. Therefore, the difference between the ask and the bid price is called the spread. Some brokers, instead of charging a split fee for trading, they already have the fees inherent in the spread. Below are the ECN and STP for the pair:

ECN: 15 pips | STP: 20 pips

Fees

When we place any trade, there is some payment/commission we need to pay to the broker. A Fee is simply that payment that we pay to the broker each time we open a position. The fee also fluctuates from the type of broker we use; for instance, there are no charges on STP account models, but a few pips on ECN accounts.

Slippage

The difference between the anticipated and executed price at which the trade is implemented can be termed as Slippage. It can appear at any time but mostly happens when the market is fast-phased and volatile.

The trading range is a tabular interpretation of the pip movement in a currency pair for separate timeframes. Using this, we can gauge the risk on a trade for each timeframe. A trading range effectively represents the minimum, average, and maximum pip movement in a currency pair. This can be assessed quickly by using the ATR indicator combined with 200-period SMA.

Procedure to assess Pip Ranges

2. Set the period to 1
3. Add a 200-period SMA to this indicator
4. Shrink the chart so you can assess a large time period
6. Measure the floor level and set this value as the min
7. Measure the level of the 200-period SMA and set this as the average
8. Measure the peak levels and set this as Max.

NZD/DKK Cost as a Percent of the Trading Range

The cost of trade primarily varies on the broker and fluctuates based on the volatility of the market. This is for the reason that the total cost includes Slippage and spreads apart after the trading fee. Following is the description of the cost variation in terms of percentages. The knowledge of it is discussed in the subsequent sections for ECN and STP accounts.

ECN Model Account

Total cost = Slippage + Spread + Trading Fee = 5 + 15 + 8 = 28

STP Model Account

Spread = 20 | Slippage = 5 | Trading fee = 0

Total cost = Slippage + Spread + Trading Fee = 5 + 20 + 0 = 25

The Ideal way to trade the NZD/DKK

The NZD/DKK is an exotic currency pair, and the volatility in this pair is moderate. As seen in the range table above, the average pip movement on the 1hour time frame is 68. We must know that the cost of trade declines as the volatility of the pair increases. But this should not be held as an advantage because it is unsafe to trade high volatile markets as the prices rise and fall swiftly.

For instance, in the 1-hour timeframe, the maximum pip range value in this pair is 119 pips, and the minimum pip range value is 20 pips. When we compare the fees for both the pip movements, we find that for 20 pip movement fees is 140.00%, and for a 119 pip movement, the fess is only 23.53%.

So, we can substantiate that the prices are more significant for low volatile markets and high for extremely volatile markets. Hence, we must constantly try to make our entries and exits when the volatility is minimum or average than to that of maximum values. But if your preference is certainly towards decreasing your trading costs, you can trade when the market’s volatility is near the maximum values with optimal risk management.

Categories

Asset Analysis – Trading The NZD/SEK Exotic Cross Currency Pair

Introduction

NZD/SEK is the acronym for the currency pair New Zealand dollar versus the Swedish Krona. It is marked under the exotic cross-currency pair category. In this pair, NZD will be the base currency, and SEK will be the quote currency. In this article, we shall understand everything about trading this currency pair.

Understanding NZD/SEK

The price of this pair in the foreign exchange market determines the value of SEK comparable to one NZD. It is quoted as 1 NZD per X SEK. So, if the value of this pair is 5.8296, these many Swedish Kronor (SEK) are required to purchase one NZD.

Trading the Forex market usually does not involve spending a lot of fees like the Stock market. Here, Forex brokers make profits through spreads. It is nothing but the difference between Bid – Ask prices of an asset. Some broker has the cost inherent into the buy and sell prices of the currency pair; instead of charging a separate fee. Below are the spread values of ECN and STP brokers for the NZD/SEK pair.

ECN: 48 pips | STP: 53 pips

Fees

A Fee is the charges we pay to the stockbroker for executing a particular trade. The fee fluctuates from the type of broker we choose. For example, the fee on the STP accounts is zero, but we can expect a few additional pips on ECN accounts.

Slippage

Slippage is the contrast between the price expected by the trader for execution and the price at which the agent executed the price. There is this variation due to the high market volatility and more passive execution speed.

The trading range is used at this point; to measure the volatility of the NZD/SEK pair. The amount of money we will gain or lose in an allotted timeframe can be evaluated using the trading range table. The minimum, average, and maximum pip movement of the currency pair is exemplified in the trading range. This can be evaluated simply by using the ATR indicator combined with 200-period SMA.

Procedure to assess Pip Ranges

2. Set the period to 1
3. Add a 200-period SMA to this indicator
4. Shrink the chart so you can assess a large time period
6. Measure the floor level and set this value as the min
7. Measure the level of the 200-period SMA and set this as the average
8. Measure the peak levels and set this as Max.

NZD/SEK Cost as a Percent of the Trading Range

The rate of trade varies on the stockbroker and fluctuates according to the volatility of the market. This is because the trading cost includes fees, slippage, and the spread. The rate of variation in terms of percentage is given below.

ECN Model Account

Total cost = Slippage + Spread + Trading Fee = 5 + 48 + 8 = 61

STP Model Account

Spread = 53 | Slippage = 5 | Trading fee = 0

Total cost = Slippage + Spread + Trading Fee = 5 + 53 + 0 = 58

The Ideal way to trade the NZD/SEK

The NZD/SEK is termed as an exotic-cross currency pair and has a low volatile market. Looking at the pip range table, the average pip movement on the 1H timeframe is 115 pips, which implies high volatility. As we know, the higher the volatility, the smaller will be the cost to implement the trade. Nonetheless, this is not a benefit to trading in a volatile market; it involves higher risk.

For instance, in the 1M time frame, the Maximum pip range value is 1938, and the minimum is 503. When we evaluate the trading fees for both the pip movements, we notice that for 503 pip movement fees is 12.13%, and for the 1938 pip movement, fess is only 3.15%. Therefore, from the above instance, we can determine that trading the NZD/SEK currency pair will be on the expensive side.

Categories

NZD/PLN – Analyzing This Exotic Forex Currency Pair

Introduction

NZD/PLN is the short form of the currency pair New Zealand dollar vs. Polish Zloty. Here, the New Zealand dollar (NZD) is the base currency, and the Polish Zloty (PLN) is the quote currency. In this article, we intend to comprehend everything you need to know about trading this currency.

Understanding NZD/PLN

The price of NZD/PLN signifies the value of the Polish Zloty corresponding to one New Zealand Dollar. It is estimated as 1 NZD (New Zealand Dollar) per X PLN (Polish Zloty). So, if the market value of NZD/PLN is 2.4940, these many Polish Zloty are required to buy one NZ dollar.

The distinction between the ask & bid costs is recognized as the spread. It changes with the implementation model used by the stockbrokers. Further down are the spreads for NZD/PLN currency pairs in both ECN account models & STP account models:

ECN: 30 pips | STP: 35 pips

Fees

There are certain charges levied by the broker to open every spot in the trade. These charges can be referred to as the commission or fees applicable to the trade. Note that these charges are only applicable to the ECN accounts and not on STP accounts. However, a few additional pips are changed on STP account models.

Slippage

Due to high market volatility and the broker’s slow implementation speed, slippage is common. It is a variance in price intended by the trader and price implemented by the broker.

The trading range is essentially a tabular interpretation of the pip movement in the NZD/PLN currency pair for distinct timeframes. These figures can be used to ascertain the trader’s risk as it helps us determines the approx. gain/loss that can be incurred on a trade.

Procedure to assess Pip Ranges

2. Set the period to 1
3. Add a 200-period SMA to this indicator
4. Shrink the chart so you can assess a large time period
6. Measure the floor level and set this value as the min
7. Measure the level of the 200-period SMA and set this as the average
8. Measure the peak levels and set this as Max.

NZD/PLN Cost as a Percent of the Trading Range

The total cost consists of slippage, trading fee, and the spread. This fluctuates with the volatility of the market. Therefore, traders need to place themselves to avoid paying high costs. Below is a table demonstrating the variation in the costs for various values of volatility.

ECN Model Account

Total cost = Slippage + Spread + Trading Fee = 5 + 30 + 8 = 43

STP Model Account

Spread = 35 | Slippage = 5 | Trading fee = 0

Total cost = Slippage + Spread + Trading Fee = 5 + 35 + 0 = 40

The Ideal way to trade the NZD/NOK

NZD/PLN is an exotic-cross currency pair. In this case, we can see, the average pip movement in 1hr timeframe is 46, which signifies higher volatility. The smaller the volatility, the higher is the risk, and lesser is the cost of the trade and the other way around. For example, we can see from the trading range that when the pip movement is lesser, the charge is higher, and when the pip movement is higher, the charge is smaller.

To further decrease our costs of trade, the costs can be reduced even more by placing orders as a limit or stop as an alternative to the market orders. In executing so, the slippage will become zero and will lower the total cost of the trade further. In doing so, the slippage will be eliminated from the computation from the total costs. And this will assist us in decreasing the trading cost by a significant margin. An instance of the same is given below using the STP model account.

STP Model Account (Using Limit Orders)

Spread = 35 | Slippage = 0 | Trading fee = 0

Total cost = Slippage + Spread + Trading Fee = 0 + 35 + 0 = 35

Categories

Asset Analysis – Comprehending The NZD/NOK Exotic Forex Pair

Introduction

NZD/NOK is the abbreviation for the currency pair New Zealand dollar versus the Norwegian Krone. It is referred to as an exotic cross-currency pair. In this case, NZD is the base currency, and NOK is the quote currency. In this article, we shall learn about everything you need to know about this currency.

Comprehending NZD/NOK

Understanding the value of a currency pair is simple. The value of NZD/NOK verifies the Norwegian Krone that must be paid to buy one New Zealand dollar. It quoted as 1 NZD per X NOK. For instance, if the current value of NZD/NOK is 6.0549, then 6.0549 NOK is required to buy one NZD.

Spread is the keyway through which stockbrokers make income. The selling price and buying price are different; the distinction between these prices is termed as the spread. It ranges from broker to broker and their implementation type. Below are the spreads for NZD/NOK currency pairs in both ECN & STP account models:

ECN: 20 pips | STP: 25 pips

Fees

For every execution, there is a cost levied by the broker. This cost is also indicated as the commission/fee on a trade. This fee/commission does not apply to STP accounts; however, a few additional pips are charged.

Slippage

Slippage is the difference in the price executed by you and the price you indeed received. It occurs on market orders. Slippage varies on two factors:

• Market’s volatility
• Broker’s execution speed

The trading range is a tabular description of the pip movement in a currency pair in a variety of timeframes. These values help in evaluating the risk-on trade as it defines the minimum, average, and maximum profit that can be made on a trade.

Procedure to assess Pip Ranges

2. Set the period to 1
3. Add a 200-period SMA to this indicator
4. Shrink the chart so you can assess a large time period
6. Measure the floor level and set this value as the min
7. Measure the level of the 200-period SMA and set this as the average
8. Measure the peak levels and set this as Max.

NZD/NOK Cost as a Percent of the Trading Range

The total cost of the trade shifts/changes based on the volatility of the market; hence we must figure out the instances when the costs are less to place ourselves in the market. The table below exhibits the variation in the costs based on the change in the market’s volatility.

Note: The ratio signifies the relative scale of costs and not the stable costs on the trade.

ECN Model Account

Total cost = Slippage + Spread + Trading Fee = 5 + 20 + 8 = 33

STP Model Account

Spread = 25 | Slippage = 5 | Trading fee = 0

Total cost = Slippage + Spread + Trading Fee = 5 + 25 + 0 = 30

The Ideal way to trade the NZD/NOK

NZD/NOK is an exotic currency pair, and hence we can see, the average pip movement in 1hr timeframe is 120, which indicates higher volatility. The greater the volatility, the higher is the risk, and smaller is the cost of the trade and the other way around. Taking an instance, we can see from the trading range that when the pip movement is smaller, the charge is elevated, and when the pip movement is higher, the charge is lower.

To further decrease our costs of trade, we may place trades using limit orders as an alternative to the market orders. In the below table, we will see the interpretation of the cost percentages when limit orders are applied. As we can see, the slippage is zero. In doing so, the slippage will be excluded from the calculation from the total costs. And this will help us in lowering the trading cost by a sizeable margin. An example of the same is given below.

STP Model Account (Using Limit Orders)

Spread = 25 | Slippage = 0 | Trading fee = 0

Total cost = Slippage + Spread + Trading Fee = 0 + 25 + 0 = 25

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Trading The CHF/MYR Exotic Forex Pair & Comprehending The Costs Involved

Introduction

CHF/MYR is the abbreviation for the Swiss Franc against the Malaysian Ringgit, and it is considered an exotic currency pair. In this case, the CHF is the base currency, and the MYR is the quote currency. The franc is the official currency of Switzerland and Liechtenstein, while MYR is the official currency of Malaysia.

Understanding CHF/MYR

The market value of CHF/MYR defines MYR’s value that is obliged to buy one franc. It is priced as 1 CHF per X MYR. If the price of the pair is 4.5465 in the market, then these many Malaysian ringgit units are required to buy one CHF.

The distinction in price between the bid and ask price is determined as Spread. Bid and ask prices are set by the broker. This pip difference is where most of the brokers generate their revenue. Below are the Spread values of CHF/MYR Forex pair in both ECN & STP accounts.

ECN: 44 pips | STP: 49 pips

Fees

The fee is the price you spend on each spot you open with the broker. There is no fee imposed on STP account models, but a few extra pips are charged on ECN accounts.

Slippage

The difference between the price at which, trader implements the trade, and the price he receives from the broker is termed Slippage. This fluctuates based on the broker’s execution speed and the market’s volatility.

The total money you will gain or lose in a particular timeframe can be measured utilizing the trading range table. This represents the maximum, average, and minimum pip movement in a currency pair.

Procedure to assess Pip Ranges

2. Set the period to 1
3. Add a 200-period SMA to this indicator
4. Shrink the chart so you can assess a large time period
6. Measure the floor level and set this value as the min
7. Measure the level of the 200-period SMA and set this as the average
8. Measure the peak levels and set this as Max.

CHF/MYR Cost as a Percent of the Trading Range

The cost of trade alters based on the volatility of the market. This is for the reason that the total cost involves Slippage and spreads apart from the trading fee. Below is the interpretation of the cost variant in terms of percentages. The understanding of it is reviewed in the following sections.

ECN Model Account

Total cost = Slippage + Spread + Trading Fee = 5 + 44 +8 = 57

STP Model Account

Spread = 49 | Slippage = 5 | Trading fee = 0

Total cost = Slippage + Spread + Trading Fee = 5 + 49 + 0 = 54

The CHF/MYR is not an extremely volatile currency pair. For instance, the average pip movement on the 1H timeframe is only 84 pips. Note that the elevated the volatility, the smaller is the cost of the trade. However, this cannot be considered a benefit as it is risky to trade extremely volatile markets.

Also, the higher or lesser the percentages, the higher or lower are the costs on the trade. We can conclude that the costs are elevated for low volatile markets and high for extremely volatile markets.

To reduce your risk, it is proposed to trade when the volatility is near the average standards. In this case, the volatility is low, and the costs are slightly high related to the average and the maximum values. But, if your primary concern is on lowering costs, you may trade when the market volatility is near the maximum values.

Categories

Introduction

The acronym of CHF/SEK is Swiss Franc, paired with the Swedish Krona. In this exotic Forex pair, CHF is the official currency of Switzerland and is also the fifth highly traded currency in the Forex market. In contrast, SEK stands for the Swedish Krona, and it is the official currency of Sweden.

Understanding CHF/SEK

In the Forex market, to ascertain the relative value of one currency, we need an alternate currency to assess. The market value of CHF/SEK helps us to understand the power of SEK versus the CHF. So, if the trade rate for the pair CHF/SEK is 9.8418, it means to buy 1 CHF, we need 9.8418 SEK.

CHF/SEK Specification

Spread is the variable between the ask-bit price that is set at the exchanges. Below are the spread values of the CHF/SEK currency pair in both ECN & STP accounts. The spread charges for ECN and STP brokers for CHF/SEK are given below.

ECN: 45 | STP: 50

Fees

For every place, a trader enters the broker charges some fee for it. A trader must know that this fee is applicable on ECN accounts only and not on STP accounts.

Slippage

Slippage is the price variation between the trader’s execution and at which the broker implemented the price. The variance is due to high market volatility and slow execution speed.

A trading range is the interpretation of the volatility in CHF/SEK in numerous timeframes. The values are attained from the Average True Range indicator. One can use the table as a risk management tool to distinguish the profit/loss that a trader is possessed.

Below is a table explaining the minimum, average, and max volatility (pip movement) on a variety of timeframes.

Procedure to assess Pip Ranges

2. Set the period to 1
3. Add a 200-period SMA to this indicator
4. Shrink the chart so you can assess a large time period
6. Measure the floor level and set this value as the min
7. Measure the level of the 200-period SMA and set this as the average
8. Measure the peak levels and set this as Max.

CHF/SEK Cost as a Percent of the Trading Range

The entire cost of the trade varies based on the volatility of the market. So, we must find out the instances when the costs are less to place ourselves in the market. Below is a table explaining variation in the costs based on the change in the market volatility.

Note: The percentage costs represent the comparative scale of costs and not the fixed costs on the trade.

ECN Model Account

Spread = 45 | Slippage = 5 | Trading fee = 8

Total cost = Slippage + Spread + Trading Fee = 5 + 45 + 8= 58

STP Model Account

Spread = 50 | Slippage = 5 | Trading fee = 0

Total cost = Slippage + Spread + Trading Fee = 5 + 50 + 0 = 55

The Ideal way to trade the CHF/SEK

The two components a trader should consider while trading any security in the markets are – Volatility & Cost. With the help of the above tables, let us evaluate these two factors to trade the CHF/SEK ideally.

We can see that the pip difference is substantially high among the minimum volatility and the average volatility in every timeframe. For a day trader, the objective is to make revenue from the pip movement of the market. But, if there is barely any pip movement in the price, it becomes difficult to make profits out of the market. Therefore, it is perfect to trade when the volatility is at the average value.

The cost increases as the volatility decline, and they are inversely proportional to each other. In other words, highly volatile markets have the lowest costs. However, it is relatively risky to trade markets with higher volatility though the costs are low. Therefore, to maintain stability among the cost and volatility, traders may discover instances when the volatility is close to the average values or a little above it.

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Analyzing The ‘CHF/AED’ Forex Exotic Pair

Introduction

CHF/AED is the short form for the Swiss Franc against the United Arab Emirates Dirham. It is considered an exotic currency pair. Currencies are always traded in pairs in the Forex market. The main currency in the pair is considered the base currency, while the sequential one is the quote currency.

Understanding CHF/AED

The market value of CHF/AED determines the value of AED required to buy one Swiss Franc. It is priced as 1 CHF per X AED. Hence, if the market price of this pair is 3.8835, these many United Arab Emirates Dirham units are necessary to buy one CHF.

The spread is the distinction between the ask-bid price. Mostly, these two prices are set by the stockbrokers. The gap between the pip values is through which brokers generate revenue. Below are the ECN & STP Spread values of CHF/AED pair.

ECN: 19 pips | STP: 24 pips

Fees

The fee is the minimum commission you pay to the broker on every single spot you open. There is no fee to be paid on STP accounts, but a few additional pips on ECN accounts.

Slippage

Slippage is the distinction between the price at which the trader implemented the trade and the original price he got from the broker – this changes based on the volatility of the market and the broker’s implementation speed.

The trading range table will help you determine the amount of money that you will win or lose in every timeframe. This table signifies the minimum, average, and maximum pip movement in a currency pair.

Procedure to assess Pip Ranges

2. Set the period to 1
3. Add a 200-period SMA to this indicator
4. Shrink the chart so you can assess a large time period
6. Measure the floor level and set this value as the min
7. Measure the level of the 200-period SMA and set this as the average
8. Measure the peak levels and set this as Max.

CHF/AED Cost as a Percent of the Trading Range

The price of the trade alters based on the volatility of the market. Hence, the total cost comprises slippage and spreads, excluding from the trading fee. Below is the analysis of the cost difference in terms of percentages.

ECN Model Account

Total cost = Slippage + Spread + Trading Fee = 5 + 19 + 8 = 32

STP Model Account

Spread = 24 | Slippage = 5 | Trading fee = 0

Total cost = Slippage + Spread + Trading Fee = 5 + 24 + 0 = 29

The CHF/AED is not a very volatile pair. For example, the average pip movement on the 1H timeframe is only 42 pips. If the volatility is more significant, then the cost of the trade is low. Nevertheless, it involves a higher risk to trade highly volatile markets.

Also, the higher/lesser the proportions, the greater/smaller are the costs on the trade. We can then determine that the costs are higher for low volatile markets and high for highly volatile markets.

To reduce your risk, it is recommended to trade when the volatility is around the minimum values. The volatility here is low, and the costs are slightly high, corresponding to the average and the maximum values. But, if the priority is towards reducing costs, you could trade when the volatility of the market is near the maximum values.

Benefits on Limit orders

For orders that are implemented as market orders, there is slippage applied to the trade. But, with limit orders, there is no slippage valid. Only the spread and the trading fees will be accounted for estimating the total costs. Therefore, this will bring down the cost noticeably.

STP Model Account (Limit Orders)

Spread = 24 | Slippage = 0 | Trading fee = 0

Total cost = Slippage + Spread + Trading Fee = 0 + 24 + 0 = 24

Categories

Asset Analysis – Trading The CHF/BRL Exotic Forex Pair

Introduction

The abbreviation of CHF/BLR is Swiss Franc, paired with the Brazilian Real. In this pair, CHF is the native currency of Switzerland and is also the fifth vastly traded currency in the Forex market. Likewise, BRL stands for the Brazilian Real, and it is the official currency of Brazil. This is classified as an exotic Forex pair.

Understanding CHF/BRL

In the Forex market, to ascertain the relative value of one currency, we need another currency for comparison. When we buy a currency (recognized as the base currency), we are indirectly selling another currency (known as the quote currency). The market value of CHF/BRL helps us to comprehend the power of BRL against the CHF. So, if the trade rate for the pair CHF/BRL is 5.7715, it means to buy 1 CHF, we need 5.7715 BRL.

CHF/BRL Specification

Spread is the difference among the bid-ask price that is set at the exchanges. Below are the spread values of the CHF/BRL currency pair in both ECN & STP accounts. The spread charges for ECN and STP brokers for CHF/BRL pair are as follows:

`ECN: 24 | STP: 29`

Fees

For every spot, a trader enters the stockbroker charges a specific fee for it. Traders must know that this fee is charged only on ECN accounts and does not apply to STP accounts.

Slippage

Slippage is the price distinction between the broker executed price and the trader execution price. The difference is caused due to the market’s high volatility and slow execution speed.

A trading range is the explanation of the volatility in CHF/BRL in numerous timeframes. The values are attained from the Average True Range indicator. One can use the table as a risk management tool to distinguish the profit/loss that a trader is possessed.

Below is a table indicating the minimum, average, and max pip movement in several timeframes.

Procedure to assess Pip Ranges

2. Set the period to 1
3. Add a 200-period SMA to this indicator
4. Shrink the chart so you can assess a large time period
6. Measure the floor level and set this value as the min
7. Measure the level of the 200-period SMA and set this as the average
8. Measure the peak levels and set this as Max.

CHF/BRL Cost as a Percent of the Trading Range

The total cost of the trade changes based on the volatility of the market, hence we must number out the occasions when the costs are less to place ourselves in the market. The table below displays the variation in the costs based on the change in the market’s volatility.

Note: The ratio represents the relative scale of costs and not the fixed costs on the trade.

ECN Model Account

Spread = 24 | Slippage = 5 | Trading fee = 8

Total cost = Slippage + Spread + Trading Fee = 5 + 24 + 8= 37

STP Model Account

Spread = 29 | Slippage = 5 | Trading fee = 0

Total cost = Slippage + Spread + Trading Fee = 5 + 29 + 0 = 34

The Ideal way to trade the CHF/BRL

With the help of the above tables, let us assess these two factors to the trade the CHF/BRL. Volatility and cost are two elements a trader must consider for trading any security in the Forex market.

In various timeframes, we can see the pip movement being very high between the minimum volatility and the average volatility. As a day trader, the aim is to make profits from the pip variation in the market. It becomes tricky to extract some profits from the market if there are no variations in the pip value.

When the cost goes higher, the volatility of the market decreases. In other words, the market with high volatility have minimal costs. To strike a balance between the volatility and the cost, traders should find an appropriate time when the volatility is close to the average values or slightly about it.

Additionally, traders can also reduce their total costs by placing ‘limit orders’ instead of ‘market orders.’ This will ultimately cut the slippage on the trade and consequently lower the total cost. In the below example, the total cost would decrease by five pips, which is a modest reduction for just altering the type of order execution.

STP Model Account (With Limit Orders)

Total cost = Slippage + Spread + Trading Fee = 0 + 29 + 0 = 29

Categories

XPT/USD – How Expensive Is It To Trade This Commodity Asset Class?

Introduction

Platinum is one of the rarest precious metal found in the Earth’s crust. Only a few hundred tons are produced annually. The name Platinum is derived from a Spanish word platina (little silver).

Similar to how other precious metals like Gold and Silver are traded in the exchange market, Platinum is also actively traded in the market. Its ISO code is XPT and is highly traded against the US Dollar with the ticker XPT/USD.

Understanding XPT/USD

Platinum is a precious metal that is measured in troy ounces (Oz). The market price of XPT/USD represents the value of the US Dollar for one troy oz of Platinum. It is quoted as 1 XPT per X USD. For instance, if the current market price of XPT/USD is 814.50, then it means that each oz of Pl is worth 814.50 USD.

XPT/USD Specification

It is the difference between the bid and the ask prices. The typical spread in Platinum is usually around 700 pips.

Fee

Unlike currency pairs, Platinum is traded as a Contract for difference (CFD). There are three different types of the fee charged for such trades:

• Commission charge
• Overnight fee

Thus, the total fee will be,

Total fee = Spread + commission + overnight

For our example, we shall ignore the overnight fee as it completely depends on how long aa trader is willing to hold his positions. So, the revised fee will be,

Total fee = Spread + commission = 700 + 200 = 900 pips

The trading range is a representation of volatility in the pair for different time frames in a tabular format. It gives the minimum, average, and maximum volatility in the pair for various time frames.

Procedure to assess Pip Ranges

2. Set the period to 1
3. Add a 200-period SMA to this indicator
4. Shrink the chart so you can assess a large time period
6. Measure the floor level and set this value as the min
7. Measure the level of the 200-period SMA and set this as the average
8. Measure the peak levels and set this as Max.

XPT/USD Cost as a Percent of the Trading Range

Cost as a % of the trading range illustrates the variation in the cost of trade by considering the time frame and volatility of the instrument. Mathematically, it is the ratio of the volatility value and the total cost represented in terms of a percentage.

Total fee = Spread + commission = 700 + 200 = 900 pips

Platinum is one of the highly traded commodities in the exchange market. But its trading volume is lesser than Gold Spot and Silver Spot. Nonetheless, it has enough volatility and liquidity for retail traders to participate in the market.

Platinum is primarily driven by supply and demand that comes from fundamental factors. These factors are different from that of Gold and Silver, yet some do apply on Pl. When it comes to technical analysis, all the techniques apply that is used in other markets.

As mentioned, Platinum is traded as CFD, and each trade has a commission, overnight, and spread involved in it. This fee is fixed irrespective of the volatility of the market and the time frame traded. But there is a catch here. Even though the fee is fixed, the fee varies relatively. Meaning, a trader aiming high profit must pay the same fee as a trader aiming for small profits. The former is typically a large time frame trader, while the latter is a trader trading relatively smaller time frame.

Since the timeframe is something that cannot be fixed, one can relatively reduce costs by considering the volatility of the market. As the above table evidently depicts, as the volatility increases, the relative fee on the trade decreases. Thus, one must consider trading when the volatility of the pair is at or above the average volatility.

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Analyzing The Costs Involved While Trading The ‘CHF/BGN’ Exotic Pair

Introduction

CHF/BGN is the abbreviation for the Swiss Franc and the Bulgarian Lev exotic pair. Here, CHF is the base currency, while BGN is the quote currency. The pair as a whole explains the number of units of the quote currency (BGN) that is required to buy a single unit of the base currency (CHF). BGN stands for The Bulgarian Lev, and it is the official currency of Bulgaria.

Understanding CHF/BGN

In the Forex market, we always purchase the base currency while selling the quote currency and vice versa. Here, the market value of CHF/BGN helps us to comprehend the potential of BGN against the CHF. So if the exchange rate of the pair CHF/BGN is 1.8384, it means to buy1 CHF we need 1.8391 BGN.

CHF/BGN Specification

Spread in exchange is the distinction between the bid-ask price proposed by the broker. It is quantified in terms of pips and fluctuates on the type of account and kind of broker. Below is the spread for the CHF/BGN pair in both ECN & STP accounts.

Spread on ECN: 7 | STP: 12

Fees

Fees are the commission charged by the broker for each trade a trader takes. The fee varies on both types of accounts and brokers. For our analysis, we have maintained the fee flat at five pips.

Slippage

A trader will not get the price that he demands, due to the volatility in the market. The original price varies from the asked price. The difference is termed as slippage. For instance, if a trader performs a trade at 1.8384, the actual price received would be 1.8391. The difference between the two pips is called slippage.

The trading range is a tabular interpretation of the min, average, and maximum pip movement in a specific timeframe. Obtaining understanding about this is essential because it helps manage risk and determine the appropriate times of the day to enter-exit a trade with minor costs.

Below is a table representing the minimum, average, and maximum pip movement (volatility) in various timeframes.

Procedure to assess Pip Ranges

2. Set the period to 1
3. Add a 200-period SMA to this indicator
4. Shrink the chart so you can assess a large time period
6. Measure the floor level and set this value as the min
7. Measure the level of the 200-period SMA and set this as the average
8. Measure the peak levels and set this as Max.

CHFBGN Cost as a Percent of the Trading Range

The above table illustrates the number of pips the currency pair move in the various timeframe. We will apply these values to identify the cost ratio when the volatility is minimum, average, and maximum. The cost percentage will then help us sort the ideal time of the day to enter the trades.

The understanding of the cost percentage is straightforward. If the percentage is elevated, then the cost is high in that specific timeframe and range. If the percentage is low, then the cost is comparatively low for that timeframe and range. The total cost on every trade is calculated by adding up the spread, slippage, and trading fee.

ECN Model Account

Spread = 7 | Slippage = 5 | Trading fee = 8

Total cost = Slippage + Spread + Trading Fee  = 5 + 7 + 8 = 20

STP Model Account

Spread = 12 | Slippage = 5 | Trading fee = 0

Total cost = Slippage + Spread + Trading Fee  = 5 + 12 + 0 = 17

The Ideal way to trade the CHF/BGN

It is not recommended to enter and exit the trade at any time of the day. To manage their trade, a trader must consider various timeframes during the day to reduce both risk and cost of the trade. This is made possible by understanding the above two tables.

In the minimum column, the percentages are generally high. This means the cost is very high when the volatility of the market is low. For example, on the 1H timeframe, when the volatility is three pips, the cost percentage is 666%. This means that one must accept high costs if they enter or exit trades when the volatility is around three pips. Preferably, it is advised to trade when the market’s volatility is above the average.

Additionally, it is considerably better if one trades placing the limit orders instead of market orders, as it invalidates the slippage on the trade. In doing so, the costs of each trade will reduce by approximately 40%.

STP Model Account (Using Limit Orders)

Spread = 12 | Slippage = 0 | Trading fee = 0

Total cost = Slippage + Spread + Trading Fee = 0 + 12 + 0 = 12

Categories

Introduction

CHF/SGD is the short form for the Swiss Franc against the Singapore Dollar. It is classified as an exotic Forex currency pair. Currencies in the Forex market are always traded in pairs. The key currency in the pair (CHF) is the base currency, while the subsequent one (SGD) is the quote currency.

Understanding CHF/SGD

The market value of CHF/SGD determines the value of SGD required to buy one Swiss Franc. It is quoted as 1 CHF per X SGD. Therefore, if the market price of this pair is 1.4699, then these many Singapore Dollar units are necessary to buy one CHF.

The spread is the distinction between the bid-ask price. Generally, these two prices are set by the stockbrokers. The pip contrast is through which brokers generate revenue.

ECN: 12 pips | STP: 17 pips

Fees

The fee is the commission you pay to the broker on each spot you open. There is no fee charged on STP account models, but a few extra pips on ECN accounts.

Slippage

Slippage is the distinction between the price at which the trader implemented the trade and the actual price he got from the broker – this change based on the volatility of the market and the broker’s implementation speed.

The trading range table will help you ascertain the amount of money that you will win or lose in each timeframe. This table represents the minimum, average, and maximum pip movement in a currency pair.

Procedure to assess Pip Ranges

2. Set the period to 1
3. Add a 200-period SMA to this indicator
4. Shrink the chart so you can assess a large time period
6. Measure the floor level and set this value as the min
7. Measure the level of the 200-period SMA and set this as the average
8. Measure the peak levels and set this as Max.

CHF/SGD Cost as a Percent of the Trading Range

The price of the trade fluctuates based on the volatility of the market. Therefore, the total cost involves slippage and spreads, excluding from the trading fee. Below is the interpretation of the cost difference in terms of percentages.

ECN Model Account

Total cost = Slippage + Spread + Trading Fee = 5 + 12 + 8 = 25

STP Model Account

Spread = 17 | Slippage = 5 | Trading fee = 0

Total cost = Slippage + Spread + Trading Fee = 5 + 17 + 0 = 22

The CHF/SGD is not a volatile pair. For example, the average pip movement on the 1H timeframe is only 22 pips. If the volatility is higher, then the cost of the trade is low. However, it involves an elevated risk to trade highly volatile markets. Also, the higher/lesser the percentages, the greater/smaller are the costs on the trade. So, we can conclude that the costs are higher for low volatile markets and high for highly volatile markets.

To diminish your risk, it is advised to trade when the volatility is around the average values. The volatility here is low, and the costs are a slightly high matched to the average and the maximum values. But, if the priority is towards lowering costs, you could trade when the volatility of the market is near the maximum values with optimal risk management.

Advantage on Limit orders (STP Model Account)

For orders that are executed as market orders, there is slippage applicable to the trade. But, with limit orders, there is certainly no slippage applicable. Only the spread and the trading fees will be accounted for by calculating the total costs. Hence, this will bring down the cost considerably.

Spread = 17 | Slippage = 0 | Trading fee = 0

Total cost = Slippage + Spread + Trading Fee = 0 + 17 + 0 = 17

Categories

Asset Analysis – Trading The ‘CHF/PLN’ Forex Exotic Pair

Introduction

CHF/PLN is the abbreviation for the Swiss Franc alongside the Poland złoty. It is categorized as an exotic currency pair that usually has high volatility and low trading volume. Here, the CHF is the base currency, and the PLN is the quote currency. CHF is the official currency of Switzerland, whereas PLN is the national currency of Poland.

Understanding CHF/PLN

The current value of the pair represents the value of PLN that is corresponding to one CHF. It is quoted as 1 CHF per X PLN. For example, if the value of this pair is 4.1627, these many units of PLN are required to buy one Swiss Franc.

CHF/PLN Specification

In trading, the difference between the bid-ask price is described as the spread. Spread normally fluctuates from broker to broker. The estimated spread on ECN and STP accounts is given below.

ECN: 49 | STP: 54

Fees

There is a small fee or payment charged by the broker for each trade a trader does. This varies on both types of accounts and broker. There are zero fees charged on STP accounts, but a few extra pips are charged on ECN accounts.

Slippage

The difference between the cost at which the trader executed the trade and the cost he received from the broker is termed as Slippage. Fundamentally, Slippage hangs on two factors – Broker’s execution & market’s volatility

The trading range is a tabular interpretation of the minimum, average, and maximum pip movement in a different timeframe. Having expertise about this is necessary because it helps in handling risk as well as determine the appropriate times of the day to enter and exit a trade with marginal costs. Below is a table that illustrates the minimum, average, and maximum volatility (pip movement) on several timeframes.

Procedure to assess Pip Ranges

2. Set the period to 1
3. Add a 200-period SMA to this indicator
4. Shrink the chart so you can assess a large time period
6. Measure the floor level and set this value as the min
7. Measure the level of the 200-period SMA and set this as the average
8. Measure the peak levels and set this as Max.

CHF/PLN Cost as a Percent of the Trading Range

The number of pips the currency pair change in various timeframes is demonstrated in the table above. With this, we apply these values to get the cost percentage when the volatility is minimum, average, and maximum. This cost percentage will help us sort out an ideal time of the day to enter trades.

The understanding of the cost percentage is easy. If the percentage is above average, then the cost is higher for that specific timeframe and range. If the percentage is at a low level, then the cost is comparatively low for that timeframe and range. Note that, the total cost on a particular trade is calculated by combining the spread, Slippage, and trading fee.

ECN Model Account

Spread = 49 | Slippage = 5 | Trading fee = 8

Total cost = Slippage + Spread + Trading Fee = 5 + 49 + 8= 62

STP Model Account

Spread = 54 | Slippage = 5 | Trading fee = 0

Total cost = Slippage + Spread + Trading Fee = 5 + 54 + 0 = 59

The Ideal way to trade the CHF/PLN

There are specific times a trader must deal with their trade to decrease both hazard and cost on the trade. This can be made feasible by understanding the above tables. Entering and exiting trades during any time of the day is highly not advised.

The percentages are most elevated in the min column. This means the cost is fairly high when the volatility of the market is low. For instance, on the 1H timeframe, when the volatility is 27 pips, the cost percentage is 218.5%. Meaning, one must bear high costs if they open or close trades when the volatility is around 27 pips. So, ideally, it is proposed to trade when the market volatility is above the average mark.

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Analyzing The ‘XMR/USD’ Crypto Fiat Pair

Introduction

Monero is a private and secure cryptocurrency that was launched 18th of April 2014 as a fork of ByteCoin. It is an open-source digital currency built on a blockchain, making it opaque. With Monero, the holder will have full control over their investment and funds, and nobody will have access to their balance and transactions.

Monero is traded in exchanges under the ticker XMR. It is under the top 20 in terms of market capitalization according to data from CoinMarketCap. It can be traded against USD as well as for cryptocurrencies Bitcoin, Ethereum, Tether, etc.

Understanding XMR/USD

The price of XMR/USD depicts the value of the US Dollar equivalent to one Monero. It is quoted as 1 XMR per X USD. For example, if the market price of XMR/USD is 64.67, then each XMR will be worth about 65 dollars.

XMR/USD specifications

Spread is the basic difference between the bid and the ask price of the cryptocurrency. These prices are put up by the clients and not exchange. Thus, the spread constantly varies in and across exchanges.

Fee

The types of fees in cryptocurrency exchanges vary from that of equity broker and forex brokers. Most crypto exchanges charge the following fees:

• Execution fee (Taker or Maker) – twice, for opening and closing the trade
• Margin opening fee, if applicable

Example

• Short 100 XMR/USD at \$64.82
• 30-day volume fee is \$0
• Order is executed as Taker
• With Leverage

Total cost of the order = 100 x \$64.82 = \$6482

Assuming the taker fee to be 0.26%, the opening fee will be – \$6482 x 0.26% = \$16.85

Since the trade is opened with leverage, there is 0.02% of margin opening fee collected – \$6482 x 0.02% = \$1.29

If the position is squared off at \$60.00, the total cost of closing will be – 100 x \$60.00 = \$6000.  The fee for the same can be calculated as – \$6000 x 0.26% = \$15.60

The algebraic sum of all the fee will yield the total fee as –

\$16.85 + \$1.29 + \$15.60 = \$33.74

A trading range is the number of units the cryptocurrency pair moves in a specific time frame, represented in US dollars as the quote currency for the pair is USD. The values basically depict the volatility in different time frames.

The following table is the trading range for 100 quantities of XMR/USD.

Note: the above values are for trading 100 units of XMR/USD. If X units of the pair are traded, then the ATR values will be,

(ATR value from the table / 1,000) x X units

Procedure to assess ATR values

2. Set the period to 1
3. Add a 200-period SMA to this indicator.
4. Shrink the chart so you can assess a large time period
6. Measure the floor level and set this value as the min
7. Measure the level of the 200-period SMA and set this as the average
8. Measure the peak levels and set this as Max.

XMR/USD Cost as a Percent of the Trading Range

This cost as a percent represents relative the fee on the trade by considering the volatility and time frames. The percentage values are calculated by finding the ratio of each ATR value and the total fee.

Taker Execution Model

Opening = \$16.85 | Margin fee = \$1.29 | Closing = \$15.60 | 30-day volume = \$0

Total fee = Opening + Margin fee + Closing + 30-day volume = \$16.85 + \$1.29 + \$15.60 = \$33.74

Maker Execution Model

Opening = \$10.37 | Margin fee = \$1.29 | Closing = \$9.6 | 30-day volume = \$0

Total fee = Opening + Margin fee + Closing + 30-day volume = \$10.37 + \$1.29 + \$9.6 + \$0 = \$21.26

*Assuming maker fee to be 0.16% the trade value.

XMR is ranked 16 in market capitalization with a denominator over a thousand. It offers enough liquidity and volume for retail traders to participate in this pair. However, it is comparatively lesser than coins like Bitcoin, Ethereum, Ripple, Bitcoin Cash, etc.

As far as the analysis for this pair is concerned, it is no different from analyzing other cryptocurrencies and forex pairs. Hence, you can confidently apply those concepts in Monero as well.

The cost percentages in the above tables represent how expensive or cheap trade is going to be based on the profit you make or the loss you incur. The larger the percentage, the higher is the fee. Note that we are referring to the relative fee, not the absolute fee. Irrespective of the time frame and volatility, the fee will be the same but will vary relatively. For example, a short-term trader who makes \$50 on trade must pay the same fee as a long-term trader who makes \$1000.

Thus, to effectively reduce your relative costs, you must understand the volatility of the market. The concept is simple; one can make money only if there is enough movement in the market. Thus, before taking a trade, you must know the current volatility of the market using the ATR indicator. If the values are above the average, then you’re good to go. But, values near the minimum value indicates that there is not much movement in the market, and it could not reach your target point within the expected time.

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Introduction

Tezos is a platform that supports the development of DApps and smart contracts. It was created by an ex-Morgan Stanley analyst Arthur Breitman who launched an Initial Coin Offering (ICO) in 2017, raising \$232 million. The next year, Tezos launched its beta network in July.

Tezos works by giving incentives to users willing to participate in the development of its protocol. Note that the complete network is decentralized. Users cannot mine Tezos coins as it based on the Proof-of-stake mechanism, unlike the Proof-of-Work in Bitcoin blockchain. Tezos is powered with its own XTZ token, which is created through a process called “baking.”

Understanding XTZ/USD

The price of XTZ/USD depicts the value of the US Dollar equivalent to on Tezos. It is quoted as 1 XTZ per X USD. For example, if the XTZ/USD’s market price is 2.9157, then each XTZ will be worth 2.9157 US dollars.

XTZ/USD specifications

XTZ stands 11th in terms of market capitalization on CoinMarketCap. Forex brokers typically allow trading of only the top 3 or top 5 for trading. So, most brokers do have XTZ enabled for trading. Thus, you will have to approach a cryptocurrency broker instead. They work quite differently from that of the forex broker. For example, instruments are traded in lots with forex brokers, unlike cryptocurrency exchanges.

Spread is the difference between the buying and selling price of the cryptocurrency. These prices are set by individual traders and not the exchange.  Thus, the spread always varies. Hence, we shall not be considering the spread in further calculations.

Fee

There are a number of fees charged by exchanges for trading cryptos. Below are some types of fees levied by most exchanges.

• Execution fee (Taker or Maker)
• Margin opening fee, if applicable

Note that, the taker or maker fee is charged twice – for opening and closing the trade.

Example

• Long 1,000 XTZ/USD at \$2.9169
• 30-day volume fee is 0.12%
• Order is executed as Maker
• Without Leverage

Total cost of the order = 1,000 x \$2.9169 = \$2916.9

Assuming the maker fee to be 0.16%, the opening fee will be – \$2916.9 x 0.16% = \$4.66

In addition, there is 0.12% fee for 30-day volume fee – \$2916.9 x 0.12% = \$3.50

Since the trade is opened without leverage, the margin opening fee will be \$0.

If the order is closed at \$2.9605, the total cost of closing will be – 1,000 x \$2.9605 = \$2960.5. The fee for closing will be:

\$2960.5 x 0.16% = \$4.73

Therefore, the total fee for this trade can be calculated as:

\$4.66 + \$3.50 + \$4.73 = \$12.89

The trading range in cryptocurrencies is different from that of foreign exchange. In forex, we calculated the pip movement using the ATR indicator and multiplied it with the pip value to find its worth. Since in cryptocurrency exchanges, there is no concept of pips. So, instead of representing the pip movement, we directly represent the value/worth of the price movement into the table.

The below table represents the value of the price movement for 1,000 quantities of XTZ/USD.

Note: the above values are for trading 1,000 units of XTZ/USD. If X units of the pair are traded, then the ATR values will be,

(ATR value from the table / 1,000) x X units

Procedure to assess ATR values

2. Set the period to 1
3. Add a 200-period SMA to this indicator
4. Shrink the chart so you can assess a large time period
6. Measure the floor level and set this value as the min
7. Measure the level of the 200-period SMA and set this as the average
8. Measure the peak levels and set this as Max.

XTZ/USD Cost as a Percent of the Trading Range

Cost as a percent of the trading range represents the relative cost in terms of percentage. It is calculated by finding the ratio between the total cost and the ATR value. The comprehension of it shall be discussed in the subsequent topic.

Taker Execution Model

Opening = \$7.58 | Margin fee = \$0 | Closing = \$7.69 | 30-day volume = \$3.50

Total fee = Opening + Margin fee + Closing + 30-day volume = \$7.58 + \$0 + \$7.69 + \$3.50 = \$18.77

*Assuming taker fee to be 0.26% the trade value.

Maker Execution Model

Opening = \$4.66 | Margin fee = \$0 | Closing = \$4.73 | 30-day volume = \$3.50

Total fee = Opening + Margin fee + Closing + 30-day volume = \$4.66 + \$0 + \$4.73 + \$3.50 = \$12.89

Interpretation of Cost as a Percent of the Trading Range

Firstly, the trading range table, in simple terms, depicts the approximate dollar profit/loss on the trade. For instance, let us consider the average value on the 4H timeframe, which is 71.5. This means that one can gain or lose an average of \$71.5 in a matter of 4 hours or so.

With respect to the percentage table, the value of the percentage signifies how expensive the costs are relative to the time frame and profit or loss generated. In other sense, the cost remains the same irrespective of the time frame you trade. For example, let us consider the average percentage on the 4H time frame, which is 18.03%, and the average on the 1H, which is 34.01%. In both cases, the overall is the same, but the cost relative to the profit made, the cost appears to be higher in the 1H time frame because the profit amount is lower than the 4H time frame because there is more price movement on the 4H time frame.

Tezos is under the top 15 in market capitalization according to the data from CoinMarketCap. This signifies that it is intensively traded in the market. Most of the buying and selling happens in the cryptocurrency exchanges.

There are two types of traders – short term and long term. A short term trader may trade the 1H, 2H, 4H, or the 1D time frame, while a long term trader may go with the 1W or 1M time frame. Also, irrespective of the time frame, one must trade when the market volatility is around the average, or maximum value to relatively reduce fees on the trade.

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Introduction

The abbreviation of AUD/DKK is the Australian Dollar paired with the Danish Krone. Here, AUD is the official currency of Australia and many others like Christmas Island and Norfolk Island. AUD is also to be the fifth most traded currency in the Forex market. In contrast, DKK stands for the Danish Krone, and it is the currency of Denmark, Greenland, and the Faroe Islands.

Understanding AUD/DKK

In AUD/DKK currency pairs, the first currency(AUD) is the base currency, and the second currency(DKK) is the quote currency. In the foreign exchange market, when we sell a currency pair, we always sell the base currency and simultaneously buy the quote currency and vice versa. Here, the market value of AUD/DKK helps us to understand the strength of DKK against the AUD. So if the exchange rate for the pair AUD/DKK is 4.4625, it means we need 4.4625 DKK to buy 1 AUD.

Forex brokers have two prices for currency pairs: the bid and ask price. The bid price is the price in which we sell an asset, and ask is the price at which we buy it. The difference between the ask and the bid price is called the spread. Below are the spread values for the AUD/DKK Forex pair.

ECN: 20 pips | STP: 23 pips

Fees

A Fee is the charges that we traders pay to the broker for opening a trade. This fee depends on the type of broker (STP/ECN) we use.

Slippage

When we want to execute a trade at a particular price, but instead, if the trade gets executed at a different price, we call that difference as Slippage. The Slippage can take place at any time, but mostly we can counter a volatile market.

As a trader, our main motive should be to avoid losses and risks. The trading range here will determine the amount of money we will win or lose in a given amount of time. ATR is a technical indicator that indicates the price movement in a currency pair. In the below table, we have the representation of the minimum, average, and maximum pip movement in a currency pair. We will evaluate it merely by using the ATR indicator combined with 200-period SMA.

Procedure to assess Pip Ranges

2. Set the period to 1
3. Add a 200-period SMA to this indicator
4. Shrink the chart so you can assess a significant period
6. Measure the floor level and set this value as the min
7. Measure the level of the 200-period SMA and set this as the average
8. Measure the peak levels and set this as Max.

AUD/DKKCost as a Percent of the Trading Range

The cost of trade depends on the broker type and varies based on the volatility of the market. The total cost of trade involves spread, fees, and sometimes Slippage if the volatility is more.

ECN Model Account

Total cost = Slippage + Spread + Trading Fee = 3 + 20 + 5 = 28

STP Model Account

Total cost = Spread + Slippage + Trading Fee = 23 + 3 + 0 = 26

AUD/DKK is an exotic currency pair that less traded in the forex exchange market. The average pip movement in 1hr is 183, which shows the volatility is very high.

Note, The higher the volatility, the higher is the risk and lower is the cost of the trade and vice versa. Taking an example, we can see from the trading range when the pip movement is more, the cost is low, and when the pip movement is low, the cost is high.

To reduce our costs of trade, we can place the trades using limit orders instead of market orders. In doing so, we can eliminate the Slippage that will help reduce the overall cost of the trade. An example of a Limit order is given below.

Total cost = Slippage + Spread + Trading Fee = 0 + 20 + 5 = 25

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What Should You Know About The ‘XLM/USD’ Crypto Fiat Pair

Introduction

XLM is the abbreviation for Stellar. This cryptocurrency was founded in 2014 by Jed McCaleb. Stellar is also a payment technology that was created mainly to connect financial institutions and reduce the costs for cross-border transfers.

Stellar is actively traded in the market against fiat currencies and other cryptocurrencies. In this article, we shall be analyzing Stellar against the US dollar, abbreviated as XLM/USD.

Understanding XLM/USD

The price of XLM/USD depicts the value of the US Dollar that is equivalent to one Stellar. It is quoted as 1 XLM per X USD. For example, if the value of XLM/USD is 0.073264, then each stellar is worth 0.073264 US dollars.

Note: The price is considered from coinbase exchange.

XLM/USD Specifications

It is the athematic difference between the bid and the ask price managed by exchanges. It varies based on the type of execution model used by exchanges.

Fee

A Fee is nothing but the commission on the trade. It is charged only on ECN accounts, and there is no fee on STP accounts.

Slippage

The difference between the trader’s intended price and the broker’s executed price is called slippage. It varies based on the volatility of the market and the exchange’s execution speed.

The trading range is simply the illustration of the pip movement in a pair for different timeframes. With these values, a trader will know how long they have to wait for their trade to perform. Also, they can calculate approximate profit/loss on a trade beforehand.

Procedure to assess Pip Ranges

2. Set the period to 1
3. Add a 200-period SMA to this indicator
4. Shrink the chart so you can assess a large time period
6. Measure the floor level and set this value as the min
7. Measure the level of the 200-period SMA and set this as the average
8. Measure the peak levels and set this as Max.

XLM/USD Cost as a Percent of the Trading Range

The following tables represent the total cost variations for ECN and STP accounts. It represents how the costs vary with the change in volatility.

ECN Model Account

Total cost = Slippage + Spread + Trading Fee = 70 + 450 + 50 = 570

STP Model Account

Spread = 520 | Slippage = 70 | Trading fee = 0

Total cost = Slippage + Spread + Trading Fee = 70 + 520 + 0 = 590

It is a known fact that cryptocurrency is a 24-hour market and is traded even during the weekend. However, this does not mean we can enter any time to pull out a trade from it. Though many traders do this, it is not a professional approach. Using the volatility and cost variation values, we can determine the ideal times to trade this pair.

The pip values seem to look really large, but it doesn’t indicate high volatility. This pair is as volatile as other major cryptocurrencies. From the cost table, it can be ascertained that the values are large for lower volatilities that decease as the volatility increases. So, traders who are concerned with high costs can trade during the times when the volatility high. However, they must be cautious about the risk involved in it. On the other hand, traders who wish to have an equilibrium between the two, then they may trade when the volatility is around the average values.

Furthermore, trading via limit and stop orders also reduces costs by a good number. In doing so, the slippage will be taken off of the total costs. So, in our example, the total cost would reduce by 70, which is quite a decent reduction.

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Trading The ‘GBP/BRL’ Exotic Pair & Comprehending The Costs Involved

Introduction

GBP/BRL is the abbreviation for the Pound sterling against the Brazilian real. As we know, GBP is the official currency of the United Kingdom, Jersey, Guernsey, and others, whereas BRL is the official currency of Brazil. In Forex trading, currencies are always traded in pairs. The primary currency in the pair is known as the base currency, while the second one is the quote currency.

Understanding GBP/BRL

To find the relative value of one currency, we compare that with another currency in the Forex market. The market value of GBP/BRL helps us to understand the strength of BRL against the GBP. If the exchange rate of the pair GBP/BRL is 6.5415. It means that to buy 1 GBP, we need 6.5415 BRL.

Forex brokers have two prices for currency pairs. They are the bid and ask prices. The difference between this bid and the ask prices is known as the spread, and this is how Forex brokers profit for the services they provide. Some brokers include the costs in the buy and sell prices of the currency pairs instead of charging spreads. Below are the ECN and STP spread values for the pair GBP/BRL.

ECN: 41 pips | STP: 44 pips

Fees

A Fee is a commission we pay to the broker for executing our trades. It differs for different types of brokers. For instance, there is no fee charged by the STP brokers, but for ECN accounts, a few pips are charged a fee.

Slippage

It is the difference between the expected price and the price at which the trade gets executed. Slippage can occur at any time, but it mostly happens when the market is highly volatile.

Being aware of the volatility of a particular currency pair before placing the trade is very important for every aspiring trader. The trading range here is useful to measure the volatility of the GBP/BRL pair. The amount of money we will win or lose in a given amount of time can be assessed using the below trading range table.

Procedure to assess Pip Ranges

2. Then, set the period to one
3. Add a 200-period Simple Moving Average to the ATR indicator
4. Shrink the chart to assess a significant period
5. Select the desired timeframe
6. Measure the floor level and set this value as the minimum
7. Measure the level of the 200-period SMA and set this as the average
8. Measure the peak levels and set this as Max.

GBP/BRLCost as a Percent of the Trading Range

The cost of trade depends on the broker type and varies based on market volatility. The total cost of trade involves spreads and slippage apart from the trading fee.

ECN Model Account

Total cost = Slippage + Spread + Trading Fee = 3 + 41 + 5 = 49

STP Model Account

Total cost = Slippage + Spread + Trading Fee = 3 + 44 + 0 = 47

There are a few currencies that are hardly traded in the foreign exchange market. These currencies are called exotic-cross currency pairs, and the GBP/BRL is one such exotic pair.

These pairs have less market depth, less volume, and are also illiquid. GBP/BRL is a trending market. Further, the average pip movement on the 1H timeframe is 198 pips, which is considered to be volatile. Higher the volatility, lower is the cost on a trade. However, this should not be considered an advantage as it is risky to trade in highly volatile markets.

Let’s take, for example, in the 4H time frame. The Maximum pip range value is 816, and the minimum is 102. When the comparison of the fees for both the pip movements is made, we find that for 102pip movement, fess is 46.08%. But for the 816pip movement, fess is only 5.76%.

So, we can confirm that the prices are higher for low volatile markets and low for highly volatile markets. We recommend trading when the volatility is around the average values. Experienced traders who strictly follow money management can trade in a highly volatile market.

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‘BNB/USD’ – Analyzing The Trading Costs Involved

Introduction

BNB/USD is the abbreviation for the cryptocurrency pair Binance coin against the US dollar. This pair is quite volatile to trade compared to coins like Bitcoin, Ether, Ripple, and Litecoin. It has a market capitalization of 2.76B. Because of its volatile nature, this pair is usually traded in cryptocurrency exchanges than forex brokers.

Understanding BNB/USD

The market price of BNB/USD represents the value of the US Dollar equivalent to one Binance coin. It is quoted as 1 BNB per X USD. For example, if the value of BNB/USD is 17.541, then we can say that each Binance coin is worth 17.541 US dollars.

BNB/USD specifications

Spread is the difference between the bid and the ask price that is set the exchanges. Below are the spread values of the BNB/USD currency pair in both ECN & STP accounts.

ECN: 45 pips | STP: 53 pips

Fee

For every position a trader opens, the broker charges some fee for it. Traders must know that this fee is applicable only on ECN accounts and not on STP accounts.

Slippage

Slippage is the difference between the price required by the trader for execution and the price at which the broker executed the price. There is this difference due to the high market volatility and slower execution speed.

A trading range is the representation of the volatility in BNB/USD in different timeframes. The values are extracted from the Average True Range indicator. One may use the table as a risk management tool as it determines the profit/loss that a trader is possessed towards.

Procedure to assess Pip Ranges

2. Set the period to 1
3. Add a 200-period SMA to this indicator
4. Shrink the chart so you can assess a large time period
6. Measure the floor level and set this value as the min
7. Measure the level of the 200-period SMA and set this as the average
8. Measure the peak levels and set this as Max.

BNB/USD Cost as a Percent of the Trading Range

The total cost of the trade varies based on the volatility of the market. So, we must figure out the times when the costs are less to position ourselves in the market. Below is a table representing the variation in the costs based on the change in the volatility of the market.

Note: The percentage values only depict the relative magnitude of costs and not the actual costs on the trade.

ECN Model Account

Total cost = Slippage + Spread + Trading Fee = 10 + 45 + 10 = 65

STP Model Account

Spread = 53 | Slippage = 10 | Trading fee = 0

Total cost = Slippage + Spread + Trading Fee = 10 + 53 + 0 = 63

Volatility and Cost are the two factors traders take into account for trading any security in the market. With the assistance of the above tables, let’s analyze these two factors to ideally trade the BNB/USD.

Volatility

In every timeframe, we can see that the pip difference is significantly high between the minimum volatility and the average volatility. As a day trader, our aim is to make money from the movement of the market. But, if there is hardly any movement in the price, then it becomes challenging to extract some money out from the market. Hence, it is ideal to trade when the volatility is at least at the average value.

Cost

The cost increases as the volatility decrease. They are inverse to each other. In other terms, highly volatile markets have the least costs. However, it is quite risky to trade markets with extreme volatility though the costs are low. Hence, to maintain a balance between the cost and volatility, traders may find trading opportunities when the volatility is around the average values or a little above it.

Bonus

Traders can also bring down their total costs by placing orders as ‘limit’ instead of ‘market.’ This will entirely cut the slippage on the trade and therefore reduce the total cost. In the above example, the total cost would decrease by ten pips, which quite a decent reduction for just changing the type of order execution.

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Analyzing GBP/BGN Exotic Pair & Comprehending The Costs Involved

Introduction

GBP stands for the British pound sterling, which is sometimes also known as the Pound. It is the 4th most traded currency in the Foreign Exchange market after USD, EURO and YEN. Whereas, BGN is the abbreviation of the Bulgarian lev, and it is the official currency of Bulgaria.

Understanding GBP/BGN

In Forex, the currencies are traded in pairs. In this case, GBP is the base currency, and BGN is the quote currency. Generally, if the value of the base currency goes up, the value of the quote currency goes down and vice versa. The market value of GBP/BGN determines the strength of BGN against GBP. It can be easily comprehended as 1GBP is equal to how much of BGN. So, if the exchange rate of GBP/BGN is 2.2409, to buy 1GBP, we need 2.2409 BGN.

Spread is the athematic difference between the bid and ask prices. Here, the bid is the selling price, whereas ask is the buying price of the currency pair. So basically, the spread is a type of commission brokers make for the services they provide. Below are the ECN and STP spread values for the pair GBP/BGN.

ECN: 19 pips | STP: 22 pips

Fees

It is obvious that we need to pay some commission to the broker every time we place a trade. A Fee is simply that commission we pay to the broker for opening a particular position. This fee varies from the type of broker we use. For example, there is no fee charged for STP account models, whereas a few pips are charged by ECN brokers.

Slippage

Slippage is referred to as the difference between the expected price at which the trader wants to buy/sell a currency pair and the price at which the trade is executed in real-time. It is important to know that slippage can occur at any time. However, it mostly happens when the market is extremely volatile.

Whether we make a profit or loss in a given time period depends on the movement of a currency pair. This can be assessed using the trading range table that is given below. It is basically a representation of the min, avg, and the maximum pip movement in a Forex currency pair. Evaluating the volatility of the market before taking the trade is the most important thing to do. The trading range here is to measure the volatility of the GBP/BGN pair.

Procedure to assess Pip Ranges

2. Set the period to 1
3. Add a 200-period SMA to this indicator
4. Shrink the chart so you can assess a significant period
6. Measure the floor level and set this value as the min
7. Measure the level of the 200-period SMA and set this as the average
8. Measure the peak levels and set this as Max.

GBP/BGNCost as a Percent of the Trading Range

Most of the time, the cost of trade depends on the type of broker we choose. This varies based on the market’s volatility. The total cost involves the costs incurred from slippage and spreads along with the trading fee. Below we have discussed the cost variation in terms of percentages. Let’s look into both the ECN and the STP models.

ECN Model Account

Total cost = Slippage + Spread + Trading Fee = 3 + 19 + 5 = 27

STP Model Account

Total cost = Slippage + Spread + Trading Fee = 3 + 22 + 0 = 25

The GBP/BGN is an exotic-cross currency pair and is a low volatile market. As seen in the Range table, the average pip movement on the 1-hour time frame is only 36. This clearly shows that if we trade this pair, we will have to wait for a more extended period to get some good profit as the pip movement is very less.

On any given day, if the market volatility is high, the cost of the trade is lower and vice-versa. However, this shouldn’t be considered as an advantage always because more the volatility, the riskier is our trade.

For instance, in the 1M time frame, the maximum pip range value is 1559, and the minimum is 336. When we compare the fees for both the pip movements, we find that 8.04% is the fee for the former, and it is only 1.73% for the latter. Hence we can infer that the prices are higher for low volatile markets and low for highly volatile markets.

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Exploring The GBP/XPF Exotic Forex Currency Pair

Introduction To GBP/XPF

The abbreviation of GBP/XPF is British Pound vs. the French Pacific Franc. Here GBP is the official currency of the United Kingdom, and many others, it is also proven to be the fourth most traded currency in the forex market after USD, EURO, and JPY. In contrast, The CFP franc is the currency used in French overseas.

Understanding GBP/XPF

We know that in currency pairs, the first currency is the base currency, and the second currency is the quote currency. Here, the market value of GBP/XPF helps us to understand the strength of XPF against the GBP. So let’s take if the exchange rate for the pair GBP/XPF is 135.984, it means we need 135.984 XPF to buy 1 GBP.

We have two different prices for currency pairs in forex, the bid and ask price. Here the “bid” price at which we can SELL the base currency, and The “ask” price is at which we BUY the base currency. The difference between the ask price and the bid price is called the spread. Below is the spread for ECN and STP broker for the GBP/XPF pair.

ECN: 52 pips | STP: 55 pips

Fees

A Fee in forex is simply the commission we need to pay to the broker for opening a particular position. The fees depend on the type of broker we use. Like for example, we don’t have any fees for ECN, but we have some for STP.

Slippage

Slippage is the difference between the trader’s anticipated price and the actual price at which the trade is executed. It mostly occurs when the volatility of the currency pair is high and also, sometimes, when a large number of orders are placed at the same time.

Volatility is an essential factor that every trader should take into consideration before entering the market. The amount of capital we will win or lose in a given amount of time can be evaluated using the trading range table. Here, the trading range is a representation of the minimum, average, and maximum pip movement in a currency pair. This can be evaluated simply by using the ATR indicator combined with 200-period SMA.

Procedure to assess Pip Ranges

2. Set the period to 1
3. Add a 200-period SMA to this indicator
4. Shrink the chart so you can assess a significant period
6. Measure the floor level and set this value as the min
7. Measure the level of the 200-period SMA and set this as the average
8. Measure the peak levels and set this as Max.

GBP/XPFCost as a Percent of the Trading Range

The cost of trade depends mostly on the broker and also varies based on the volatility of the market. We have various costs involved in the overall trading cost that includes slippage, spreads, and sometimes the trading fee. Below is the calculation of the cost variation in terms of percentages. The conception of it is discussed in the following sections.

ECN Model Account

Total cost = Slippage + Spread + Trading Fee = 3 + 52 + 5 = 60

STP Model Account

Total cost = Slippage + Spread + Trading Fee = 3 + 55 + 0 = 58

There are some currencies that are very less traded in the foreign exchange market. These currencies are called exotic-cross currency pairs. GBP/XPL is one such exotic currency pairs. Further, the average pip movement on the 1H timeframe is only 14 pips, which is considered to be very less volatile.

We also have to note that if we trade in a low volatile market, our trading will be very expensive. However, It is recommended to trade in a currency pair with medium volatility. To comprehend this better, we will try to understand this with the help of an example.

As we can see in the 1M time frame, the Maximum pip range value is 865, and the minimum is 217. Now when we compare the trading cost in accordance with the pip movement, we note that in 217pip movement fess is 26.73%, and for 865pip movement, fess is only 6.71%. So overall we can conclude that trading this pair will be very expensive.

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Trading The EOS/USD Crypto-Fiat pair & Understanding The Costs Involved

Introduction

EOS is a blockchain-based cryptocurrency, as well as a platform for decentralized app execution. This blockchain was developed despite the existence of Bitcoin and Ethereum to solve the problem of speed and scalability.

Understanding EOS/USD

The price of EOS/USD represents the value of the US Dollar equivalent to one EOS. It is quoted as 1 EOS per X USD. So, if the market price of EOS/USD is 2.5290, these many dollars are required to buy one EOS.

EOS/USD specifications

The difference between the bid & ask prices is known as spread. It changes with the execution model used brokers. Below are the spreads for both ECN & STP models for EOS/USD pair.

Fee

A Fee is basically the commission on the trade. Note that there is a fee on ECN accounts, not STP.

Slippage

Due to high market volatility and the broker’s slower execution speed, slippage occurs. It is a difference in the price intended by the trader and price executed by the broker.

The trading range is basically a tabular representation of the pip movement in EOS/USD for different timeframes. These numbers can be used traders as a risk management tool as determines the approx. profit/loss that can be made on a trade.

Procedure to assess Pip Ranges

2. Then set the period to one
3. Add a 200-period Simple Moving Average to this indicator
4. You can assess a large time period by shrinking the price chart
6. Measure the floor level and set this value as the min
7. Measure the level of the 200-period SMA and set this as the average
8. Measure the peak levels and set this as Max.

EOS/USD Cost as a Percent of the Trading Range

The total cost comprising of the spread, slippage, and trading fee, changes with the volatility of the market. Hence, it is necessary for traders to position themselves to avoid paying high costs.

Below is a table representing the variation in the costs for different values of volatility.

ECN Model Account

Total cost = Slippage + Spread + Trading Fee = 3 + 10 + 5 = 18

STP Model Account

Spread = 13 | Slippage = 3 | Trading fee = 0

Total cost = Slippage + Spread + Trading Fee = 13 + 3 + 0 = 16

The volatility and liquidity in this pair are similar to coins like Bitcoin and Ethereum. Hence, this makes EOS/USD a tradable pair. The spread in this pair is between 10-15 pips, which is extremely less compared to its volatility. Due to this, the costs reduce significantly. The highest cost percentage is only 18%.

However, we cannot ignore the fact about the volatility in this pair. This pair is pretty volatile and must be traded cautiously. It is recommended for traders to trade when the volatility of the market is around the average values. Furthermore, the costs can be reduced even further by placing orders as a limit or stop instead of the market. In doing so, the slippage will become zero and will reduce the total cost of the trade.

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Exploring The GBP/ILS Forex Exotic Currency Pair

Understanding GBP/ILS

GBP/ILS is the abbreviation for the Pound sterling against the Israeli Shekel. In currency pairs, the first currency GBP here is the base currency and the second currency ILS is the quote currency. In Forex currency pairs, if the value of, let’s say, the base currency goes up, the quote currency’s value will go down and vice versa.

Also, when we buy a currency pair, we buy the base currency and implicitly sell the quote currency. The market value of GBP/ILS determines the strength of ILS against the GBP that can be understood as 1 Pound is equal to how much ILS. So if the conversion rate for the pair GBP/ILS is 4.4725, it means to buy 1 GBP, we need 4.4725 ILS.

We know that the “bid” is the price at which we sell the currency, and “ask” is the price is at which we can BUY the currency. The arithmetic difference between the ask and bid price is known as the spread. The spread is how most of the brokers make money. There are also brokers who charge a separate fee instead of making profits in the form of spread. Below are the ECN and STP spreads for the GBP/ILS Forex pair.

ECN: 54 pips | STP: 56 pips

Fees

Every time we place a trade, some commission must be paid to the brokers, and that is known as a fee. This fee varies from broker to broker. For instance, there is no fee charged on STP account models, but ECN brokers do charge some fee.

Slippage

The arithmetic difference between the expected price of a trader and the price at which the trade is executed is known as slippage. It can occur mostly when the market is volatile & fast-moving. Another reason when the slippage may occur is when we place a huge number of orders at the same time.

The trading range here is to measure the volatility of the GBP/ILS pair. Whether we make a profit or loss in a given time period depends on the movement of a currency pair that can be assessed using the trading range table. It is a representation of the min, avg, & max pip movement in a currency pair.

Procedure to assess Pip Ranges

2. Make sure to set the period to one
3. Then add a 200-period Simple Moving Average to ATR
4. Shrink the chart in order to assess a significant period
5. Select the timeframe of your choice
6. Floor level must be measured and set that value as the min
7. 200-period SMA must be measured and set that value as average
8. Finally, measure the peak levels and consider this as Max values.

GBP/ILSCost as a Percent of Trading Range

The cost of trade depends on the broker and mostly varies based on the market’s volatility. The below tables represent the cost variation in terms of percentages.

ECN Model Account

Total cost = Slippage + Spread + Trading Fee = 3 + 54 + 5 = 62

STP Model Account

Total cost = Slippage + Spread + Trading Fee = 3 + 56 + 0 = 59

The GBP/ILS is an exotic-cross currency pair and is a trending market. We consider the market to be trending when the price generally moves in one direction, either downwards or upwards. As seen in the Range table, the average pip movement on the 1-hour time frame is 112. This clearly shows that the pip movements are normal, and this currency pair is tradable.

Note that the higher the volatility, the lower is the cost of the trade. However, this is not an advantage as it is risky to trade highly volatile markets. Let’s take, for example, in the 1M time frame, the Maximum pip range value is 3469, and the minimum is 1080. When we compare the fees for both the pip movements, we find that for 1080pip movement fess is 5.74%, and for 3469pip movement, fess is only 1.79%.

So, we can confirm that the prices are higher for low volatile markets and low for highly volatile markets. It is recommended to trade when the market volatility is around the average values, but experienced traders who strictly follow money management can trade in a volatile market. The volatility here is moderate, and the costs are a little high compared to the maximum values. But, if our priority is towards reducing costs, we may trade when the volatility of the market is around the maximum values.

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Trading The XRP/USD Pair & Analysing The Costs Involved

Introduction

XRP/USD is the abbreviation for Ripple against the US Dollar. This pair is used for trading the Ripple cryptocurrency. Also, traders can trade Ripple against other fiat currencies.

Understanding XRP/USD

The value of XRP/USD represents the value of the US Dollar equivalent to one Ripple. It is quoted as 1 XRP per X USD. For example, if the value of XRP/USD is 0.1912, then it can be said that each Ripple is worth 0.1912 US Dollars.

XRP/USD specifications

Spread is the difference between the bid and the ask price quoted by the brokers. It varies based on the execution model used. Below are the ECN & STP spreads for the XRP/USD pair.

Fee

The fee is the commission that is levied by the brokers on each trade. This fee is only applicable to ECN brokers, not STP brokers.

Slippage

When orders are executed on the ‘market,’ the price requested by the trader is different from the price given by the broker. This can happen either because of high market volatility or broker’s execution speed

The minimum, average, and maximum pip movement in XRP/USD are given below. One can use these values to determine the profit/loss they could make in a given timeframe.

Procedure to assess Pip Ranges

2. Set the period to 1
3. Add a 200-period SMA to this indicator
4. Shrink the chart so you can assess a large time period
6. Measure the floor level and set this value as the min
7. Measure the level of the 200-period SMA and set this as the average
8. Measure the peak levels and set this as Max.

XRP/USD Cost as a Percent of the Trading Range

By applying the volatility values to the total cost of a trade, the variation in the costs for varying volatilities can be determined. Below are two tables representing the same.

ECN Model Account

Total cost = Slippage + Spread + Trading Fee = 3 + 50 + 5 = 58

STP Model Account

Spread = 53 | Slippage = 3 | Trading fee = 0

Total cost = Slippage + Spread + Trading Fee = 3 + 53 + 0 = 56

While trading a pair, there are two factors that must be taken into consideration, namely, volatility and cost.

Volatility

The minimum in the 4H timeframe is 18 pips, while 142 pips are the maximum. And the average stands at 63. So, if a trader wishes to trade the 4H timeframe, then they should make sure that the current volatility is at or above the average volatility. This is because one can make money only when there is movement in the market.

Cost

Cost is not constant but varies as the volatility changes. The cost percentages in the minimum column are the highest compared to the average and maximum columns. This means that the costs are very high for highly volatile markets. Hence, it must be avoided.

The benefit with limit orders

Traders who trade with limit orders have an added benefit than those who trade with market orders. With limit orders, the total cost of the trade does not include the slippage. This hence brings down the cost of the trade to a decent extent.

This concludes the analysis of BCH/USD. We hope you found it interesting and useful. Stay tuned for more such asset analysis. Cheers!

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‘LTC/USD’ – Understanding The Crypto/Fiat Pair & Trading Costs Involved

Introduction

Cryptocurrencies are traded in pairs by pairing them with a fiat currency. Always, the cryptocurrency is written on the left and the fiat currency on the right. LTC/USD is a cryptocurrency, which is an abbreviation for the Litecoin versus the US Dollar. Like the Bitcoin and Ethereum, Litecoin is extensively traded in the exchange market.

Understanding LTC/USD

The market price of LTCUSD depicts the value of the US Dollar, which is equivalent to 1 Litecoin. It is quoted as 1 LTC per X USD. For example, if the value of LTCUSD is 41.69, then one Litecoin is worth 41.69 US Dollars.

LTC/USD specifications

Spread is the difference between the bid and the ask price in the market, where bid price is given considered when shorting a pair and ask price when going long on a pair. The varies from broker to broker. It also differs based on the type of execution model used. Below are the spreads for the LTC/USD pair for both ECN & STP accounts.

• Spread on ECN: 50 pips (0.5 USD)
• Spread on STP: 60 pips (0.6 USD)

Fee

ECN brokers charge some commission on every position a trader opens and closes. The fee for ECN accounts is about \$0.18 per standard lot, which corresponds to 18 pips.

Slippage

Slippage is the difference between the price asked by the user and the price given by the broker. There is this difference due to two reasons – High market volatility & broker’s execution speed.

Below is the trading range table for the LTCUSD, which represents the minimum, average, and maximum volatilities of a pair for different timeframes using the ATR indicator. These values can prove to be helpful for assessing one’s profit/loss on a trade.

Procedure to assess Pip Ranges

2. Set the period to 1
3. Add a 200-period SMA to this indicator
4. Shrink the chart so you can assess a large time period
6. Measure the floor level and set this value as the min
7. Measure the level of the 200-period SMA and set this as the average
8. Measure the peak levels and set this as Max.

LTC/USD Cost as a Percent of the Trading Range

The cost as a percent of the trading range represents the variation of cost on a trade based on the change in the volatility of the market. And these variations are indicated as a percentage. Using the magnitude of the percentages, we shall determine the ideal times of the day to trade this coin.

ECN Model Account

Total cost = Slippage + Spread + Trading Fee = 18 + 50 + 5 = 73

STP Model Account

Spread = 60 | Slippage = 5 | Trading fee = 0Total cost = Slippage + Spread + Trading Fee = 5 + 60 + 0 = 65

LTCUSD is a crypto-fiat pair that has got enough volatility and liquidity to trade in the market. LTC is the fourth highest traded coin in terms of volume. However, it is not apt to trade anytime during the day. There are ways through which one reduces their costs for the same trade.

In the above table, if the percentages are high, then the costs are very high and vice versa. So, the cost is more for low volatile markets and less for high volatile markets. If you are a scalper or short-term trader, you may trade when the volatility is high as the profit margin is small, and you can avoid high costs.

Positional traders – these traders usually aim for large movements, and high costs become a little insignificant for their big pip movements. So, such traders may trade when the volatility is around the average values. Finally, it is not advisable to trade during low volatilities because the costs are high, and there is barely any movement in the market.

Slippage is a variable in total costs that can be eliminated by placing orders as ‘limit’ or ‘stop.’ We hope you found this analysis on LTCUSD useful. Stay tuned for more informative content. Cheers.

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Introduction

Apart from currencies pairs, exchanges allow trading of cryptocurrencies as well. Cryptocurrencies can be bought and sold in the exchange market through Forex brokers. Trading cryptocurrencies can be closely related to Forex trading but not stock trading. This is because cryptos are traded as pairs and not individually. In this series, we will be analyzing the trading costs involved while trading cryptocurrencies that are paired with fiat currencies (Ex: USD).

BTC/USD is a cryptocurrency pair where BTC stands for Bitcoin, and USD stands for US Dollar. This pair is traded through Forex brokers as CFDs, or through cryptocurrency exchanges where cryptos are bought and sold exclusively.

Understanding BTC/USD

The price of BTC/USD in the exchange market represents the value of the US Dollar equivalent to one 1 Bitcoin. It is quoted as 1 BTC per X USD. For example, if the current market price of BTCUSD is 7356.50, then it can be said that one Bitcoin is equal to the US \$7356.50.

BTC/USD specifications

Spread is the difference between the bid and the ask price in the exchange market. It is determined by the brokers and exchanges, and it hence varies from time to time. Typically, the spreads for trading cryptocurrencies are very high. In recent years, the spread of coins having two decimal places is between 1500-6000 pips. The approx. spread on ECN and STP accounts are given below.

• Spread on ECN: 3000 pips (30 USD)
• Spread on STP: 3050 pips (30.5 USD)

Fees

The fee is simply the commission paid for the position a trader takes. It is charged only for ECN and Pro accounts and not for STP accounts. For our analysis, we shall keep the fee at 45 pips.

Slippage

Slippage is the difference between the price at which a client executed trade and the price which was actually given by the broker. This difference occurs either because of high market volatility or speed of trade execution.

The trading range is the representation of the pip movement in the pair for different timeframes. The values are calculated using the average true range indicator. And the procedure to assess it is given below as well.

Procedure to assess Pip Ranges

2. Set the period to 1
3. Add a 200-period SMA to this indicator
4. Shrink the chart so you can assess a large time period
6. Measure the floor level and set this value as the min
7. Measure the level of the 200-period SMA and set this as the average
8. Measure the peak levels and set this as Max.

BTC/USD Cost as a Percent of the Trading Range

Cost is a factor that varies with the change in the volatility of the market. By finding the ratio between the total cost and volatility, the variation in the costs is measured.

ECN Model Account

Total cost = Slippage + Spread + Trading Fee = 25 + 3000 + 45 = 3070

STP Model Account

Spread = 3050 | Slippage = 25 | Trading fee = 0

Total cost = Slippage + Spread + Trading Fee = 25 + 3050 + 0 = 3075

The Ideal way to trade the BTC/USD

It is a general impression that trading cryptos are very risky because of its high volatility. But it is not completely true. To clear the misconception, consider the following example.

The pip value of BTC/USD per lot is 0.01 USD. That is, for every pip up or down, you will gain or lose 0.01 USD. The average pip movement in the 1H timeframe is 9100 pips. So, if you trade one lot of BTC/USD, you will win or lose about \$0.01 x 9100 = \$91 in a time frame of one hour. Hence, though the pip movement seems to be high, the profit/loss remains within decent boundaries.

Considering the cost variation in the above tables, it can be inferred that the costs are more for low volatile markets and less for a highly volatile market. But, the cost for average volatility acts as a median. Hence, trading when the volatility is around the average values is recommended. Furthermore, costs can be lowered by trading via limit orders instead of market orders. In doing so, the slippage on the trade will be nullified and will not be included in the total cost. In the above example, the total cost would reduce by 25 pips.

That’s about the trading costs involved while trading the BTC/USD pair. We will be discussing more Crypto/Fiat pairs in the upcoming articles. In case of any queries, let us know in the comments below. Cheers!

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Understanding The GBP/HUF Exotic Currency Pair

Introduction

GBP stands for British Pound Sterling, and it is the 4th most traded currency in the Foreign Exchange market after USD, EURO and YEN. It is the official currency of the United Kingdom and some other countries like Jersey, South Georgia, and Guernsey. Whereas HUF stands for Hungarian forint, and it is the official currency of Hungary.

GBP/HUF

We know that the currencies in the Forex market are traded in pairs. GBP/HUF is the abbreviation for the Pound sterling against The Hungarian Forint. In this case, the first currency (GBP) is the base currency, and the second (HUF) is the quote currency.

Understanding GBP/HUF

To find the relative value of one currency in the Forex market, we need another currency to compare. If the value of the base currency goes down, the value of the quote currency goes up and vice versa. The market value of GBP/HUF determines the strength of HUF against the GBP. It can be easily understood as 1GBP is equal to how much of HUF. So if the exchange rate for the pair GBP/HUF is 414.425, it means we need 414.425 HUF to buy 1 GBP.

Forex brokers have two different prices for currency pairs: the bid and ask price. Here the “bid” price at which we can SELL the base currency, and The “ask” price is at which we can BUY the base currency. Hence, the difference between the ask and the bid price is called the spread. Some brokers, instead of charging a separate fee for trading, they already have the fees inbuilt in the spread. Below are the ECN and STP for the pair GBP/HUF.

ECN: 57 pips | STP: 60 pips

Fees

When we place any trade, there is some commission we need to pay to the broker. A Fee is simply that commission that we pay to the broker each time we execute a position. The fee also varies from the type of broker we use; for example, there is no fee on STP account models, but a few pips on ECN accounts.

Slippage

Slippage alludes to the difference between the expected price at which the trader wants to execute the trade and the price at which the trade is being executed. It can occur at any time but mostly happens when the market is fast-moving and volatile. Also, sometimes when we place a large number of orders at the same time.

The trading range is a tabular representation of the pip movement in a currency pair for different timeframes. Using this, we can assess the risk on a trade for each given timeframe. A trading range essentially represents the minimum, average, and maximum pip movement in a currency pair. This can be evaluated easily by using the ATR indicator combined with 200-period SMA.

Procedure to assess Pip Ranges

2. Set the period to 1
3. Add a 200-period SMA to this indicator
4. Shrink the chart so you can assess a significant period
6. Measure the floor level and set this value as the min
7. Measure the level of the 200-period SMA and set this as the average
8. Measure the peak levels and set this as Max.

GBP/HUFCost as a Percent of the Trading Range

The cost of trade mostly depends on the broker and varies based on the volatility of the market. This is because the total cost involves slippage and spreads apart from the trading fee. Below is the representation of the cost variation in terms of percentages. The comprehension of it is discussed in the following sections. We will be looking into both the ECN model and the STP model.

ECN Model Account

Total cost = Slippage + Spread + Trading Fee = 3 + 57 + 5 = 65

STP Model Account

Total cost = Slippage + Spread + Trading Fee = 3 + 60+ 0 = 63

The GBP/HUF is an exotic-cross currency pair, and the volatility in this pair is decent. As seen in the Range table, the average pip movement on the 1-hour time frame is 205. Here in the GBP/HUF pair, HUF is an emerging currency. We must know that the cost of trade decreases ad the volatility od the pair increases. But this should not be considered as an advantage because it is risky to trade high volatile markets as the price keeps fluctuations.

For instance, in the 1-hour timeframe, the maximum pip range value in this pair is 343 pips, and the minimum pip range value is 27 pips. When we compare the fees for both the pip movements, we find that for 27 pip movement fees is 270.74%, and for 343 pip movement, the fess is only 18.95%.

So, we can confirm that the prices are higher for low volatile markets and high for highly volatile markets. Hence we must always try to make our entries and exits when the volatility is minimum or average than to that of maximum values. But if your preference is absolutely towards reducing your trading costs, you may trade when the volatility of the market is around the maximum values.

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Trading The GBP/PHP Exotic Currency Pair

Introduction

The expansion of GBP is the Great Britan Pound, and this currency is very well known as the Pound Sterling. It is the official currency of the United Kingdom and many other countries like British Overseas Territories, South Sandwich Islands, etc. Where in PHP is known as the Philippine peso and generally referred to as the Piso. It is the official currency of the Philippines, and it is printed by The Central Bank of the Philippines.

GBP/PHP

In the Forex market, currency pairs of any two countries are coupled for being exchanged in reference to each other. GBP/PHP is the abbreviation for the Pound sterling against The Philippine peso. In this case, the first currency (GBP) is the base currency, and the second (PHP) is the quote currency. The GBP/PHP is classified as an exotic-cross currency pair.

Understanding GBP/PHP

As we know, the trading of currencies in the Forex market typically happens in pairs. One currency is quoted against the other, and to find out the relative value of one currency, we need another currency to compare. The market value of GBP/PHP determines the strength of PHP against the GBP. This can be easily understood as 1 GBP is equal to how much PHP. So if the exchange rate for the pair GBP/PHP is 63.377. It means 1 GBP is equivalent to 63.377 PHP.

Forex brokers have two different prices for currency pairs, and they are the bid and ask prices. The bid is a selling price while the ask is a buy price. The difference between the ask and the bid price is called the spread. The spread is how most of the brokers make their money. The spreads of GBP/PHP in both ECN & STP brokers can be found below.

ECN: 45 pips | STP: 48 pips

Fees

When we execute a trade, we need to pay the broker some commission. A Fee is that commission we pay to the broker each time we execute a position. There is no fee on STP account models, but ECN brokers charge some pips as a trading fee.

Slippage

Sometimes while trading in a volatile market, we won’t be able to execute a trade at the price we want it to get executed. Slippage is the difference between the trader’s expected price and the actual price at which the trade is executed. It may occur at any time but mostly happens when the market is fast-moving and volatile. It can also happen when we place a large number of orders at the same time.

The amount of money we will win or lose in a given amount of time can be assessed using the trading range table. It is a representation of the minimum, average, and maximum pip movement in a currency pair. This can be evaluated by using the ART indicator combined with 200-period SMA.

Procedure to assess Pip Ranges

2. Set the period to 1
3. Add a 200-period SMA to this indicator
4. Shrink the chart so you can assess a significant period
6. Measure the floor level and set this value as the min
7. Measure the level of the 200-period SMA and set this as the average
8. Measure the peak levels and set this as Max.

GBP/PHPCost as a Percent of the Trading Range

The cost of trade mostly depends on the broker and varies based on the volatility of the market. This is because the total cost involves slippage and spreads apart from the trading fee. Below is the representation of the cost variation in terms of percentages. The comprehension of it is discussed in the following sections.

ECN Model Account

Total cost = Slippage + Spread + Trading Fee = 3 + 45 + 5 = 53

STP Model Account

Spread = 48 | Slippage = 3 | Trading fee = 0

Total cost = Slippage + Spread + Trading Fee = 3 + 48 + 0 = 51

The GBP/PHP is an exotic-cross currency pair with great volatility. For instance, the average pip movement on the 1H timeframe is 261 pips. As a matter of fact, PHP is one of the most emerging currencies in the previous year. We can find amazing trading opportunities in this currency pair if observed correctly.

When the volatility is high, the cost of trade will always be less. It is vice versa when the volatility is low. But this should not be considered as an advantage because it is always risky to trade when the volatility is high. To comprehend the above tables, higher percentages mean the costs of trade in the corresponding time frames are high. And when the percentages are low, trading costs are relatively low in those time frames.

Generally, it is recommended to take trades when the volatility of the market is around minimum to average values. Because, at min values, the volatility of the market will be low. But the costs are a bit high here when compared to the average and the maximum values. Trading at max values will reduce your trading costs but increase the risk of the trades. So we suggest you take a call according to the market situation.

There is another way to reduce the cost of trades, i.e., by using Limit Orders over Market Orders. By using these limit orders, slippage can completely be eliminated and thereby reducing the overall trading costs. In the below table, you can see how the costs have reduced by using limit orders with an STP broker.

STP Model Account (Using Limit Orders)

Spread = 48 | Slippage = 0 | Trading fee = 0

Total cost = Slippage + Spread + Trading Fee = 0 + 48 + 0 = 48

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GBP/TRY – Knowing The Trading Costs Involved While Trading This Exotic pair

Introduction

GBP Pound sterling, also known as the pound, is the official currency of the United Kingdom and many others. The sterling is the fourth most-traded currency in the Forex market. On the other hand, TRY is known as the Turkish lira. It is the official currency of Turkey and the self-declared Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus.

GBP/TRY

Currency pairs are the national currencies from two countries coupled for being exchanged in reference to each other. In the Forex, one currency is quoted against the other. GBP/TRY is the abbreviation for the Pound sterling against The Turkish lira. In this case, the first currency(GBP) is the base currency, and the second(TRY) is the quote currency. The GBP/TRY is classified as an exotic-cross currency pair.

Understanding GBP/TRY

In the Forex market, to find out the relative value of one currency, we need another currency to compare. The market value of GBPTRY determines the strength of TRY against the GBP that can be easily understood as 1GBP is equal to how much lira(TRY), so if the exchange rate for the pair GBPTRY is 8.0877. It means in to order to buy 1GBP we need 8.0877 TRY

If the value of the base currency goes down, the value of the quote currency goes up and vice versa.

The broker provides us with two prices, Ask price and Bid price. Here, the Bid price is the buy price, and the Ask price is the Sell price. The difference between the ask and the bid price is called the spread. The spread is how brokers make their money.

ECN: 61 pips | STP: 64 pips

Fees

A Fee is simply the commission we pay to the broker each time we execute a position. There is no fee on STP account models, but a few pips on ECN accounts.

Slippage

Slippage refers to the difference between the trader’s expected price and the actual price at which the trade is executed. It can occur at any time but mostly happens when the market is fast-moving and volatile. Also, sometimes when we place a large number of orders at the same time.

The amount of money you will win or lose in a given amount of time can be assessed using the trading range table. It is a representation of the minimum, average, and maximum pip movement in a currency pair. This can be evaluated simply by using the ATR indicator combined with 200-period SMA.

Procedure to assess Pip Ranges

2. Set the period to 1
3. Add a 200-period SMA to this indicator
4. Shrink the chart so you can assess a significant period
6. Measure the floor level and set this value as the min
7. Measure the level of the 200-period SMA and set this as the average
8. Measure the peak levels and set this as Max.

GBP/TRYCost as a Percent of the Trading Range

The cost of trade mostly depends on the broker and varies based on the volatility of the market. This is because the total cost involves slippage and spreads apart from the trading fee. Below is the representation of the cost variation in terms of percentages. The comprehension of it is discussed in the following sections.

ECN Model Account

Total cost = Slippage + Spread + Trading Fee = 3 + 61 + 5 = 69

STP Model Account

Spread = 64 | Slippage = 3 | Trading fee = 0

Total cost = Slippage + Spread + Trading Fee = 3 + 64 + 0 = 67

From the trading range table, it can clearly be ascertained that this pair is very volatile. For example, the pip average pip movement in the 1H timeframe is as high as 400 pips. This also means that the risk is high from the 1H timeframe all the way to the 1M timeframe.

As far as the costs are concerned, it is in favor of the traders. This is because the greater the volatility, the lower are the costs. That is the reason the percentage values are large in the min column and comparatively smaller in the average and max columns.

With this in mind, one can opt to trade this pair when the volatility values are between the minimum and average. In doing so, the volatility will be comparatively lower, which in turn reduces the risk on the trade and also keeps the cost in balance with the volatility.

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Exploring The GBP/HKD Forex Exotic Currency Pair

Introduction

GBP Pound sterling, also known as the pound, is the official currency of the United Kingdom and many others. It is one of the oldest currencies and is further divided into pence. Where in HKD is known as Hong Kong Dollar, and it is the official currency of Hong Kong. One HKD is divided into 100 cents.

GBP/HKD is the abbreviation for the Pound sterling against the Hong Kong Dollar. Here, the first currency (GBP) is the base, and the second currency (HKD) is the quote currency. It is classified as an exotic-cross currency pair.

Understanding GBP/HKD

In Forex, to find out the relative value of one currency, we need another money to compare. The market value of GBP/HKD determines the strength of HKD against the GBP, i.e., It can simply be understood as 1GBP is equal to how much HKD, so if the exchange rate for the pair GBPHKD is 9.254. It means that we need 9.254 HKD to buy 1 GBP. If the value of the base currency goes down, the value of the quote currency goes up and vice versa.

Forex brokers have two different prices for currency pairs: the bid and ask price. The bid price is the selling price, and ask is the buy price. The difference between the ask and the bid price is called the spread. The spread is how brokers make their money. For this currency pair, the spread values for ECN & STP brokers are as follows.

ECN: 33 pips | STP: 36 pips

Fees

A Fee is simply the commission we pay to the broker on each position we open. There is no fee on STP account models, but a few pips on ECN accounts.

Slippage

Slippage refers to the difference between the trader’s expected price and the actual price at which the trade is executed. It can occur at any time, but it mostly happens when market orders are placed during high volatile conditions. It may also occur when large orders are placed at a time.

The amount of money we win or lose in a given amount of time can be assessed using the trading range table. The following table is a representation of the minimum, average, and maximum pip movement in a currency pair. This can be assessed very easily by using the Average True Range (ATR) indicator combined with 200-period SMA.

Procedure to assess Pip Ranges

2. Set the period to 1
3. Add a 200-period SMA to this indicator
4. Shrink the chart so you can assess a large time period
6. Measure the floor level and set this value as the min
7. Measure the level of the 200-period SMA and set this as the average
8. Measure the peak levels and set this as Max.

GBP/SGDCost as a Percent of the Trading Range

The cost of trade varies based on the volatility of the market. This is because the total cost involves slippage and spreads apart from the trading fee. Below is the representation of the cost variation in terms of percentages. The comprehension of it is discussed in the coming sections.

ECN Model Account

Total cost = Slippage + Spread + Trading Fee = 3 + 15 + 5 = 41

STP Model Account

Spread = 36 | Slippage = 3 | Trading fee = 0

Total cost = Slippage + Spread + Trading Fee = 3 + 19 + 0 = 39

The GBPHKD is an exotic-cross currency pair and is a normal ranging market. For instance, the average pip movement on the 1H timeframe is only 49 pips. Note that the higher the volatility, the lower is the cost of the trade. However, this is not an advantage as it is risky to trade highly volatile markets.

Also, the larger/smaller the percentages, the higher/lower are the costs on the trade. So, we can infer that the costs are higher for low volatile markets and high for highly volatile markets. To reduce our risk, it is recommended to trade when the volatility is around the minimum values. The volatility here is low, and the costs are a little high compared to the average and the maximum values. But, if your priority is towards reducing costs, you may trade when the volatility of the market is around the maximum values.

When orders are executed as market orders, there is slippage on the trade. But, with limit orders, there is no slippage as such. Only trading fees and the spread will be taken into consideration to calculate the total costs. This method will bring down the cost significantly.

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Trading The GBP/THB Forex Exotic Pair

Introduction

GBP

Pound sterling, also know as the pound, is the official currency of the United Kingdom and many others. The Pound sterling is the oldest currency and even the fourth most-traded currency in the foreign exchange market, after the United States dollar, the euro, and the Japanese yen.

THB

Thai Bhat is the official currency of Thailand. It’s divided into 100 satangs, According to Bloomberg, the Thai baht was the world’s best-performing currency in 2018, and since then, Thai baht is the 10th most frequently used world payment currency.

GBPTHB is the abbreviation for the Pound sterling against the Thai baht. Here, the GBP is the base currency, and the THB is the quote currency. It is classified as an exotic-cross currency pair.

Understanding GBP/THB

In Forex, to find the relative value of one currency, we need another money to compare. The market value of GBPTHB determines the cost of THB that is required to buy one GBP. It can simply be understood as 1GBP is equal to how much THB, so if the exchange rate for the pair GBPTHB is 1.6894. It means that we need 38.92 THB to buy 1 GBP.

Forex brokers have two different prices for currency pairs: the bid and ask price. Here the “bid” price at which you can SELL the base currency, and The “ask” price is at which you can BUY the base currency. Hence, the difference between the ask and the bid price is called the spread. The spread is how brokers make their money. Some broker Instead of charging a separate fee for trading, they already have the fees inbuilt in the spread.

ECN: 28 pips | STP: 31 pips

Fees

A Fee is simply the commission you pay to the broker on each position you open. There is no fee on STP account models, but a few pips on ECN accounts.

Slippage

slippage refers to the difference between the trader’s expected price and the actual price at which the trade is executed. It occurs when market orders are placed during high fast-moving, highly volatile as well as when large orders are placed at a time.

The amount of money you will win or lose in a given amount of time can be assessed using the trading range table. This is a representation of the minimum, average, and maximum pip movement in a currency pair.

Procedure to assess Pip Ranges

2. Set the period to 1
3. Add a 200-period SMA to this indicator
4. Shrink the chart so you can assess a large time period
6. Measure the floor level and set this value as the min
7. Measure the level of the 200-period SMA and set this as the average
8. Measure the peak levels and set this as Max.

GBP/THB Cost as a Percent of the Trading Range

The cost of trade varies based on the volatility of the market. This is because the total cost involves slippage and spreads apart from the trading fee. Below is the representation of the cost variation in terms of percentages. The comprehension of it is discussed in the next sections.

ECN Model Account

Total cost = Slippage + Spread + Trading Fee = 3 + 28 + 5 = 36

STP Model Account

Spread = 31 | Slippage = 3 | Trading fee = 0

Total cost = Slippage + Spread + Trading Fee = 3 + 31 + 0 = 34

The GBPTHB is an exotic-cross currency pair and is a normal ranging market. For instance, the average pip movement on the 1H timeframe is only 82 pips. Note that the higher the volatility, the lower is the cost of the trade. However, this is not an advantage as it is risky to trade highly volatile markets.

Also, the larger/smaller the percentages, the higher/lower are the costs on the trade. So, we can infer that the prices are higher for low volatile markets and high for highly volatile markets.

To reduce your risk, it is recommended to trade when the volatility is around the minimum values. The volatility here is low, and the costs are a little high compared to the average and the maximum values. But, if you’re priority is towards reducing costs, you may trade when the volatility of the market is around the maximum values.

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Trading The GBP/SGD Exotic Currency Pair

Introduction To GBP & SGD Pairs

GBP

Great Britain Pound is also known in some contexts as the pound or sterling. It is the official currency of the United Kingdom and many British overseas territories. It is subdivided into 100 pence. The Pound Sterling is the oldest currency in continuous use, and also the fourth most-traded currency in the Forex market, after the United States dollar, the euro, and the Japanese yen.

SGD

The Singapore dollar is Singapore’s official currency, and it is divided into 100 cents. This currency is the thirteenth most traded currency in the world by value.

GBPSGD is the abbreviation for the Pound sterling against the Singapore Dollar. It is classified as an exotic-cross currency pair. In this currency pair, the GBP is the base currency, and the SGD is the quote currency.

Understanding GBP/SGD

In Forex, in order to find out the relative value of one currency, we need another currency to compare. It shows how much the GBP (the base currency) is worth as measured against the SGD (quote currency). It can simply be understood as 1GBP is equal to how much SGD. So if the exchange rate for the pair GBPSGD is 1.6894. It means that one GBP costs 1.6894 SGD.

The spread is the difference between the Bid (Sell) price and the Ask (Buy) price of an asset. The spread is how brokers make their money. Some broker Instead of charging a fee for performing a trade, the cost is built as a difference between the buy and sell prices of the currency pair.

ECN: 15 pips | STP: 19 pips

Fees

A Fee is simply the commission we pay to the broker on each position we open. There is no fee on STP account models, but a few pips on ECN accounts.

Slippage

Slippage is the difference between the price at which the trader wants to execute the trade and the price at which the trade is effectively executed. Slippage can occur at any time but is mostly happens when the market is very Volatile.

The amount of money we will win or lose in a given amount of time can be assessed using the trading range table. This is a representation of the minimum, average, and maximum pip movement in a currency pair.

Procedure to assess Pip Ranges

2. Set the period to 1
3. Add a 200-period SMA to this indicator
4. Shrink the chart so you can assess a large time period
6. Measure the floor level and set this value as the min
7. Measure the level of the 200-period SMA and set this as the average
8. Measure the peak levels and set this as Max.

GBP/SGDCost as a Percent of the Trading Range

The cost of trade varies based on the volatility of the market. This is because the total cost involves slippage and spreads apart from the trading fee. Below is the representation of the cost variation in terms of percentages. The comprehension of it is discussed in the coming sections.

ECN Model Account

Spread = 15 | Slippage = 3 | Trading fee = 5

Total cost = Slippage + Spread + Trading Fee = 3 + 15 + 5 = 23

STP Model Account

Spread = 19 | Slippage = 3 | Trading fee = 0

Total cost = Slippage + Spread + Trading Fee = 3 + 19 + 0 = 22

The GBPSGD is an exotic-cross currency pair and is a normal ranging market. For instance, the average pip movement on the 1H timeframe is only 62 pips. Note that the higher the volatility, the lower is the cost of the trade. However, this is not an advantage as it is risky to trade highly volatile markets.

Also, the larger/smaller the percentages, the higher/lower are the costs on the trade. So, we can infer that the costs are higher for low volatile markets and high for highly volatile markets.

To reduce the risk, it is recommended to trade when the volatility is around the minimum values. The volatility here is low, and the costs are a little high compared to the average and the maximum values. But, if you’re priority is towards reducing costs, you may trade when the volatility of the market is around the maximum values.

Also, we can take advantage of the Limit orders to reduce costs. When orders are executed as market orders, the risk of slippage always persists. But, with the help of limit orders, we can completely avoid slippage, thereby reducing the overall trading cost. When slippage is Zero, only trading fees and the spread will be taken into consideration to calculate the total costs. Hence, it brings down the cost significantly.

Categories

Understanding The EUR/EGP Exotic Currency Pair

Introduction

The Euro Area’s euro against the Egyptian Pound is abbreviated as EUREGP. This is an exotic-cross currency pair in the forex market. In this pair, the EUR is the base currency, and the EGP is the quote currency.

Understanding EUR/EGP

The market price of the EUREGP depicts the value of EGP that is equivalent to one euro. It is simply quoted as 1 EUR per X EGP. So, for example, if the market price of this pair is 17.8341, then exactly 17.8341 Egyptian Pounds is required to purchase one Euro.

The difference between the bid price and the ask price is referred to as the spread. These two values are set by the brokers. Hence, it is different for different brokers. The spread also varies based on how the orders are executed.

ECN: 100 pips | STP: 111 pips

Fees

The fee is simply the commission paid on the trade. There is no fee on STP execution model but a few pips on the ECN execution model. However, the fee absence on STP accounts is usually compensated by higher spreads.

Slippage

Slippage is the difference between the price which was wanted by the trader and the price the broker actually gave the trader. It is typically not possible for brokers to give the exact price intended by the traders due to reasons:

• Market volatility

Trading range is an illustration of the pip movement in a currency pair for different timeframes ranging from 1H to 1M. These volatility values help in assessing the risk involved in a trade. Basically, it acts as an effective risk management tool. Another application to it is discussed in the subsequent section.

Procedure to assess Pip Ranges

2. Set the period to 1
3. Add a 200-period SMA to this indicator
4. Shrink the chart so you can assess a large time period
6. Measure the floor level and set this value as the min
7. Measure the level of the 200-period SMA and set this as the average
8. Measure the peak levels and set this as Max.

EUR/EGP Cost as a Percent of the Trading Range

This is a very helpful application of the trading range. In the cost as a percent of the trading range, we combine the volatility values with the total cost on the trade and observe how the cost varies for changing volatilities.

ECN Model Account

Total cost = Slippage + Spread + Trading Fee = 10 + 100 + 3 = 113

STP Model Account

Spread = 111 | Slippage = 10 | Trading fee = 0

Total cost = Slippage + Spread + Trading Fee = 3 + 111 + 0 = 114

The EUR/EGP is an exotic-cross currency pair. This pair is highly volatile, but the trading volume is pretty low. However, this pair can still be traded in certain situations.

Firstly, we can see that the spreads on this pair are high. This is because the volatility in this pair is very high. For example, the average pip movement in the 1H timeframe is over 400 pips. So, we can’t really say that the spread of this pair is high.

Consider the table representing the variation in the costs. We can see that the percentages are highest in the min column. And the values are considerably small in the average and max column. If we were to interpret this, the cost of the trade reduces as the volatility of the market increases. So, based on the type of trader you are, you can choose to enter the market. For example, if you’re concerned about the high costs, then you may trade when the volatility of the market is at its peak. If you’re a conservative trader who needs petty low volatility, then you may use it during low volatilities, but you’ll have to bear high costs for it.

Furthermore, there is a way through which you can bring down your existing cost on the trade. This is simply by executing trades using limit or stop orders instead of the market. In doing so, the slippage will be nullified. So, in our example, the total cost would reduce by ten pips.

Categories

EUR/MXN – Analyzing The Costs Involved While Trading This Exotic Pair

Introduction

EUR/MXN is the abbreviation for the Euro Area’s euro against the Mexican Peso. It is classified as an exotic-cross currency pair. Here, the EUR is the base currency, and the MXN is the quote currency.

Understanding EUR/MXN

The market value of EURMXN determines the value of MXN that is required to buy one euro. It is quoted as 1 EUR per X MXN. So, if the market price of this pair is 24.4733, then these many units of Mexican pesos are required to buy one EUR.

The spread is the difference between the bid price and the ask price. These two prices are set by the brokers. The pip difference is through which brokers generate revenue.

ECN: 46 pips | STP: 49 pips

Fees

A fee is simply the commission you pay to the broker on each position you open. There is no fee on STP account models, but a few pips on ECN accounts.

Slippage

Slippage is the difference between the price at which the trader executed the trade and the price he actually got from the broker. This changes based on the volatility of the market and the broker’s execution speed.

The amount of money you will win or lose in a given amount of time can be assessed using the trading range table. This is a representation of the minimum, average, and maximum pip movement in a currency pair.

Procedure to assess Pip Ranges

2. Set the period to 1
3. Add a 200-period SMA to this indicator
4. Shrink the chart so you can assess a large time period
6. Measure the floor level and set this value as the min
7. Measure the level of the 200-period SMA and set this as the average
8. Measure the peak levels and set this as Max.

EUR/MXN Cost as a Percent of the Trading Range

The cost of trade varies based on the volatility of the market. This is because the total cost involves slippage and spreads apart from the trading fee. Below is the representation of the cost variation in terms of percentages. The comprehension of it is discussed in the coming sections.

ECN Model Account

Total cost = Slippage + Spread + Trading Fee = 3 + 46 + 3 = 52

STP Model Account

Spread = 49 | Slippage = 3 | Trading fee = 0

Total cost = Slippage + Spread + Trading Fee = 3 + 49 + 0 = 52

The EURMXN is a very volatile pair. For instance, the average pip movement on the 1H timeframe is only 335 pips. Note that the higher the volatility, the lower is the cost of the trade. However, this is not an advantage as it is risky to trade highly volatile markets.

Also, the larger/smaller the percentages, the higher/lower are the costs on the trade. So, we can infer that the costs are higher for low volatile markets and high for highly volatile markets.

To reduce your risk, it is recommended to trade when the volatility is around the minimum values. The volatility here is low, and the costs are a little high compared to the average and the maximum values. But, if you’re priority is towards reducing costs, you may trade when the volatility of the market is around the maximum values.

When orders are executed as market orders, there is slippage on the trade. But, with limit orders, there is no slippage as such. Only trading fees and the spread will be taken into consideration to calculate the total costs. Hence, this will bring down the cost significantly.

Categories

Everything About EUR/TRY Forex Currency Pair

Introduction

EUR/TRY is the abbreviation for the Euro area’s euro against the Turkish Lira. This pair is classified as an exotic-cross currency pair. In this pair, EUR is the base currency, and TRY the quote currency.

Understanding EUR/TRY

The price of this pair determines the value of TRY, which is equivalent to one euro. It is quoted as 1 EUR per X TRY. For example, if the value of this pair is 6.5552, then about 6.5 Turkish Liras are required to purchase one euro.

EUR/TRY Specification

Spread is simply the difference between the bid price and the ask price in the market. This value is controlled by the brokers. This value varies on the type of execution model used for executing the trades.

Fees

The fee in Forex is similar to the one that is pair to stockbrokers. Note that, there is no fee on STP accounts, but a few pips on ECN accounts.

Slippage

The slippage on a trade is the difference between the price that is demanded by the trader and the price that is actually executed by the broker. Market volatility and the broker’s execution speed are the reasons for slippage to occur.

A trading range is the representation of the minimum, average, and the maximum volatility of this pair on the 1H, 4H, 1D, 1W, and 1M timeframe. Using these values, we can assess our profit/loss margin of trade. Hence, this proves to be a helpful risk management tool for all types of traders.

Procedure to assess Pip Ranges

2. Set the period to 1
3. Add a 200-period SMA to this indicator
4. Shrink the chart so you can assess a large time period
6. Measure the floor level and set this value as the min
7. Measure the level of the 200-period SMA and set this as the average
8. Measure the peak levels and set this as Max.

EUR/TRY Cost as a Percent of the Trading Range

With the volatility values obtained from the above table, we can see how the cost varies as the volatility of the market varies. All we did is, got the ratio between the total cost and the volatility values and converted into percentages.

ECN Model Account

Spread = 40 | Slippage = 3 | Trading fee = 3

Total cost = Spread + Slippage + Trading Fee = 40 + 3 + 3 = 46

STP Model Account

Spread = 44 | Slippage = 3 | Trading fee = 3

Total cost = Spread + Slippage + Trading Fee = 44 + 3 + 0 = 47

The Ideal way to trade the EUR/TRY

The EURTRY is a pair with enough volatility and liquidity. Hence, this makes it simpler to trade this exotic-cross currency.

From the above table, we can see that the percentage values are all within 200%. This means that the costs are low irrespective of the timeframe and volatility you trade.

Digging it a little deeper, the costs are higher when the volatility of the market is low and lower for higher volatilities. However, we cannot ignore the fact that this pair is highly volatile. For example, the maximum volatility on the 1H timeframe is as high as 456. So, traders must be cautious before trading this pair.

When it comes to the best time of the day to trade this pair, it is ideal for entering this pair during those times of the day when the volatility is in between the average values because this will ensure decent volatility as well as low costs.

Furthermore, traders can easily reduce their costs by placing orders as ‘limit’ and ‘stop’ instead of ‘market.’ In doing so, the slippage on the trade will not be considered in the calculation of the total costs. So, in our example, the total cost will reduce by three pips.