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Introduction

The CAD/INR pair is considered an exotic currency pair where CAD is the Canadian Dollar, while the INR is the Indian Rupee. This article will cover the basic elements of the CAD/INR pair that you should know before you start trading the pair.

In this pair, the CAD is the base currency, while the INR is the quote currency. Therefore, the price attached to the CAD/INR pair is the amount of INR that can be bought by 1 CAD. For example, if the price of CAD/INR is 55.059, it means that for every 1 CAD, you can get 55.059 INR.

The price at which you can buy a currency pair is different from the price at which you can sell the same pair. This difference is the spread. The spread is considered a source of revenue for brokers and a trading cost for forex traders. The spread for the CAD/INR pair is as follows.

ECN: 39 pips | STP: 44 pips

Fees

The trading fee is the commission you pay your forex broker for every trade you make. STP accounts usually have no trading fees, while the fees charged on ECN accounts vary from broker to broker.

Slippage

Slippage represents the difference between the price at which you place a trade and the price at which your broker will execute the trade. Market volatility and the broker’s efficiency determine the amount of slippage.

The trading range in forex helps a trader analyze the extent of a currency pair’s fluctuation during a specific timeframe. As measured in pips, this fluctuation can help determine the volatility of the pair and the expected gains or losses. For example, if in the 4-hour timeframe the CAD/INR pair has a volatility of 30 pips, a trader can expect to either gain or lose \$54 since the value of 1 pip is \$1.8

The table below shows the minimum, average, and maximum volatility of CAD/INR across different timeframes.

The Procedure to assess Pip Ranges

2. Set the period to 1
3. Add a 200-period SMA to this indicator
4. Shrink the chart so you can determine a larger period
6. Measure the floor level and set this value as the min
7. Measure the level of the 200-period SMA and set this as the average
8. Measure the peak levels and set this as Max.

The knowledge of the potential costs when trading helps determine the trading strategies to be used. Cost as a percentage of the trading range will help us understand how trading costs vary with volatility under different timeframes.

The tables below show the analyses of percentage costs in both ECN and STP accounts.

ECN Model Account

Spread = 39 | Slippage = 2 | Trading fee = 1

Total cost = 42

STP Model Account

Spread = 44 | Slippage = 2 | Trading fee = 0

Total cost = 46

Depending on your forex trading style, you can use the above analysis to coincide with your trade of the CAD/INR pair with moments of lower trading costs. The 1-hour timeframe for the STP and the ECN accounts has the highest trading costs of 779.66% and 711.86% of the trading range, respectively. Also, notice that the highest costs coincide with the lowest volatility of 3.1 pips.

Trading longer timeframes like the 1-week and the 1-month timeframes are associated with lower costs. However, trading when the CAD/INR pair’s volatility is above average has a lower cost. Another way of reducing trading costs is by using the limit order types, which eliminates the slippage costs. Here’s how it works.

= 0 + 39 + 1 = 40

When limit orders are used, the slippage cost becomes zero. Consequently, the trading costs are significantly reduced, with the highest trading cost dropping from 711.86% to 677.97% of the trading range.

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Costs Involved While Trading The NZD/INR Forex Currency Pair

Introduction

The abbreviation of NZD/INR is the New Zealand Dollar paired with the Indian Rupee. Here, NZD is the official currency of New Zealand, and Indian Rupee is India’s currency. Like other currency pairs, NZD/INR provides some decent movement that allows traders to make money from the forex market.

Understanding NZD/INR

In NZD/INR currency pairs, NZD is the base currency (First Currency), and the INR is the quote currency (Second Currency). In a currency pair’s sell trade, we trade the base currency to buy the quote currency and vice versa. Therefore, if the NZD/INR pair is trading at 49.02, it means we should have 49.02 INR to buy 1 NZD.

As price and bid price is a common term in the forex market, most of the traders should know. The price represents the price in which we sell a currency pair. On the other hand, the bid price is the price at which we take a buy trade.

The difference between the asking price and the bid price is called the spread, usually a charge that the broker takes from a trader. Below are the spread values for the NZD/INR Forex pair.

ECN: 36 pips | STP: 41 pips

Fees

A Fee is a cost that traders pay to the broker as a charge to take a trade. This fee differs on the type of broker (ECN/STP) we use.

Slippage

In some cases, when we take a trade at a particular price, it might ignore the level and open the trade at another price, which is usually known as Slippage. The Slippage can occur at any price level and at any time, usually when the market remains volatile.

Our aim as a trader is to eliminate losses and minimize trading risks. The trading range here will indicate how much we will make as a profit or loss within a timeframe. To calculate the exact value, we will use ATR is a technical indicator that suggests the price movement in a currency pair. In the lower table, we interpret the minimum, average, and maximum pip movement in a currency pair. We will assess it merely by using the ATR indicator merged with 200-period SMA.

Procedure to assess Pip Ranges

2. Set the period to 1
3. Add a 200-period SMA to this indicator
4. Shrink the chart so you can assess a considerable time period
6. Measure the floor level and set this value as the min
7. Measure the level of the 200-period SMA and set this as the average
8. Measure the peak levels and set this as Max.
9. NZD/INR Cost as a Percent of the Trading Range

The price of trade differs on the type of brokers and varies based on the volatility of the market. The full cost of trade involves fees, spread, and sometimes Slippage if the volatility is higher.

ECN Model Account

Total cost = Slippage + Spread + Trading Fee = 5 + 36 + 8 = 49

STP Model Account

Spread = 41 | Slippage = 5 | Trading fee = 0

Total cost = Slippage + Spread + Trading Fee = 5 + 41 + 0 = 46

The Ideal way to trade the NZD/INR

Considering the table, we should evaluate these two factors to make trading decisions in the NZD/INR pair. The trading cost and volatility are two critical factors that trade should contemplate when trading in the currency market.

In timeframes, we can see the price movement fluctuates from the minimum volatility and the average volatility. As a trader, we aim to make a profit from this pip movement and variation. However, it often becomes challenging to make a profit if there is no sufficient variant in the pip value. As per the price mentioned above, the NZD/INR pair is profitable in swing trading and day trading.

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GBP/INR Exotic Pair – Analyzing The Trading Costs Involved

Introduction

GBP Pound sterling, also known as the pound, is the official currency of the United Kingdom. It is very well known, and in fact, it is the fourth most-traded currency in the Forex market. INR (Indian rupee) is the official currency of India. This currency is controlled and managed by the Reserve Bank of India.

GBP/INR

In the Forex market, one currency is always quoted against the other as the currencies are trades in pairs. GBP/INR represents the trading of the Pound sterling against the Indian rupee. In this case, the first currency (GBP) is the base, and the second (INR) is the quote currency. The GBP/INR is classified as exotic-cross currency pair.

Understanding GBP/INR

To find out the relative value of one currency, we need another currency to compare. If the value of the base currency goes down, the value of the quote currency goes up and vice versa.

The market value of GBPINR determines the strength of INR against the GBP. This can be easily understood as 1GBP is equal to how much INR. So if the exchange rate for the pair GBP/INR is 94.034, it means 1GBP is equal to 94.034 INR.

Forex brokers have two different prices for currency pairs: the bid and ask price. The bid price is the selling price, and ask is the buy price. The difference between the ask and the bid price is called the spread. The spread is how brokers make their money. Below are the spreads for GBP/INR currency pair in both ECN & STP brokers.

ECN: 55 pips | STP: 57 pips

Fees

A Fee is simply the commission we pay to the broker each time we execute a position. There is no fee on STP account models, but a few pips on ECN accounts.

Slippage

Slippage refers to the difference between the trader’s expected price and the actual price at which the trade is executed. It can occur at any time but mostly happens when the market is fast-moving and volatile. Also, sometimes slippage occurs when we place a large number of orders at the same time.

The amount of money we will win or lose in a given amount of time can be assessed using the trading range table. It is a representation of the minimum, average, and maximum pip movement in a currency pair. This can be evaluated simply by using the ART indicator combined with 200-period SMA.

Procedure to assess Pip Ranges

2. Set the period to 1
3. Add a 200-period SMA to this indicator
4. Shrink the chart so you can assess a significant period
6. Measure the floor level and set this value as the min
7. Measure the level of the 200-period SMA and set this as the average
8. Measure the peak levels and set this as Max.

GBP/INRCost as a Percent of the Trading Range

The cost of trade mostly depends on the broker and varies based on the volatility of the market. This is because the total cost involves slippage and spreads apart from the trading fee. Below is the representation of the cost variation in terms of percentages. The comprehension of it is discussed in the following sections.

ECN Model Account

Total cost = Slippage + Spread + Trading Fee = 3 + 55 + 5 = 63

STP Model Account

Spread = 57 | Slippage = 3 | Trading fee = 0

Total cost = Slippage + Spread + Trading Fee = 3 + 57 + 0 = 60

The GBP/INR is an exotic-cross currency pair and is volatile in nature. For instance, the average pip movement on the 1H timeframe of this pair is about 432 pips. From the above tables, it is clear that the higher the volatility, the lower is the cost of the trade. However, this is not an advantage as it is risky to trade when the markets are highly volatile.

While reading the above tables, if the percentages are larger, higher are the costs on the trade. Likewise, if the percentages are small, lower are the costs. So, this can be interpreted as the trading costs are higher for low volatile markets and lower for high volatile markets.

It is always recommended to trade when the volatility is around the minimum values. Because at min values, the volatility is low, and the costs are a little high compared to the average and maximum values. But, if your priority is towards reducing costs, you may trade when the volatility of the market is around the average values. Cheers!

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Understanding The USD/INR Forex Currency Pair

Introduction

USD/INR is the abbreviation for the US Dollar against the Indian Rupee. This Asian pair is classified as an emerging currency pair. Here, the US Dollar is the base currency, and the INR is the quote currency.

Understanding USD/INR

The price in the market determines how much the Indian Rupee worth with respect to the US Dollar is. It is quoted as 1 USD per X INR. So, if the market price of USDINR is 71.46, then around ₹71 is required to purchase \$1.

Spread in foreign exchange, is the difference between the bid and the ask price of the currency pair. This is the primary way through which brokers generate revenue. Spread is typically decided by the brokers itself. And it varies based on the type of execution model implemented by the brokers.

ECN: 19 pips | STP: 20 pips

Fees

Out of the two types of execution models, there is a fee, only on ECN accounts. Typically, there is no fee on STP accounts. However, this is compensated by higher spreads.

Slippage

Slippage is the difference between the price demanded by the user and the price he received by the broker. There is always this difference when orders are executed by the market. There are a couple of reasons for its occurrence.

• Broker’s execution speed
• Market’s volatility

The minimum, average, and maximum volatility of the currency pair in different timeframes are represented in the below trading range table. These values help us calculate the profit or loss that can be made in a given amount of time. Hence, this table is a great risk management tool.

Procedure to assess Pip Ranges

2. Set the period to 1
3. Add a 200-period SMA to this indicator
4. Shrink the chart so you can determine a significant period
6. Measure the floor level and set this value as the min
7. Measure the level of the 200-period SMA and set this as the average
8. Measure the peak levels and set this as Max.

USD/INR Cost as a Percent of the Trading Range

The costs as a percent of the trading range are the representation of the variation of the costs for different volatilities and timeframes. Understanding this cost variation helps in determining the ideal times of the day to trade this currency pair, which shall be discussed in the subsequent sections.

ECN Model Account

Total cost = Slippage + Spread + Trading Fee = 3 + 19 + 3 = 25

STP Model Account

Spread = 20 | Slippage = 3 | Trading fee = 0

Total cost = Slippage + Spread + Trading Fee = 3 + 20 + 0 = 23

The Ideal way to trade the USD/INR

Before getting into it, let’s first comprehend the below tables. The greater the values of the percentage, the greater is the cost of the trade. Similarly, the lower the values, the lesser is the total cost of the trade. Also, costs are inversely proportional to the volatility of the market.

From the above tables, we can ascertain that the values are higher in the min column, and gradually increases in the up to the max column. This means that the costs are high when the volatility of the market is low. The costs are neither too high nor too low for average volatility. Hence, if you are a trader who requires moderate volatility and low costs, then you may trade when the volatility of the market is around the average values.

Note: The current volatility of the market can be obtained from the ATR indicator.

There is another way through which one can considerably reduce their costs. By executing trades via limit/stop orders instead of market orders, the slippage on the trade will be waived off from the total costs. This brings down the costs significantly. For example, if the slippage on the trade is five pips, then five pips will be reduced in calculating the total costs on the trade.