Categories

## Trading The JPY/HUF Forex Exotic Currency Pair

#### Introduction

In the JPY/HUF currency pair, JPY represents the currency of Japan. On the other hand, HUF is the Hungarian Forint. This currency pair represents the value of Hungarian Forints (quote currency) per Yen (base currency). This pair can be represented as 1 JPY per X HUF. For example, if the value of this currency pair is at 2.91 (CMP), then about 2.9 HUF is required to purchase one JPY.

#### JPY/HUF Specification

If we want to determine the spread, we should subtract the Bid price and the Ask price. Spread is a trading charge that the broker takes as soon as we open a trade. This value changes with the change of the execution model.

#### Fees

Every broker takes a trading fee from a trader. The process of taking the fee is almost the same as every broker in the world. Note that the fee is only applicable to ECN accounts.

#### Slippage

Slippage happens when the execution price and open trade price are not the same. The volatility and the broker’s execution speed are the main cause of slippage.

The trading range is the representation of the minimum, average, and maximum volatility of this pair on the 1H, 4H, 1D, 1W, and 1M timeframe. Using these values, we can assess our profit/loss margin of trade. Hence, this proves to be a helpful risk management tool for all types of traders.

#### Procedure to assess Pip Ranges

2. Set the period to 1
3. Add a 200-period SMA to this indicator
4. Shrink the chart so you can assess a large time period
6. Measure the floor level and set this value as the min
7. Measure the level of the 200-period SMA and set this as the average
8. Measure the peak levels and set this as Max.

#### JPYHUF Cost as a Percent of the Trading Range

With the volatility values from the above table, we can determine the chance of cost with the change of volatility. We have got the ratio between total cost and the volatility values and converted them into percentages.

#### ECN Model Account

Spread = 13 | Slippage = 5 | Trading fee = 8

= 13 + 5 + 8

Total cost = 26

#### STP Model Account

Spread = 18 | Slippage = 5 | Trading fee = 0

= 18 + 5 + 0

Total cost = 23

#### The Ideal way to trade the JPYHUF

As per the above data, we can say that JPYHUF is not an extremely volatile pair. Therefore, traders from every level can trade with it and make money. The average cost per trade in the H1 timeframe is at 41.86%, which decreases to almost 1% in a monthly timeframe. As a trader, it is often hard to trade in a timeframe like weekly or monthly, as it is very time-consuming. Therefore, sticking to the hourly to daily timeframe is recommended for traders to minimize the trading cost.

Another way to reduce the cost is to place orders as ‘limit’ and ‘stop’ instead of ‘market’ orders. In limit orders, slippage will not be in the calculation of the total costs. Therefore, in the below example, the total cost will be reduced by five pips.

#### Limit Model Account (STP Model Account)

Spread = 18 | Slippage = 0 | Trading fee = 0

= 18 + 0 + 0

Total cost = 18

Categories

## AUD/TWD – What Should You Know Before Trading This Exotic Pair

#### Introduction

The AUD/TWD is an exotic currency pair with the AUD representing the Australian Dollar, and the TWD is the Taiwan Dollar. Such exotic pairs experience high volatility in the forex market. In this pair, the AUD is the base currency, while the TWD is the quote currency. That means that the exchange rate of the AUD/TWD is the amount of TWD that can be bought by 1 AUD. If the exchange rate of the AUD/TWD pair is 20.091, it means that you can exchange 20.091 TWD for 1 AUD.

#### AUD/TWD Specification

The spread in forex trading represents the difference between the price at which you can buy a currency pair when going long and the price at which you can sell the pair when going short. The spread for the AUD/TWD pair is – ECN: 24 pips | STP: 29 pips

#### Fees

Holders of ECN type accounts are typically charged a fee for every position they open. This fee depends on the size of the positions and the broker. Traders with STP accounts usually don’t get charged trading fees.

#### Slippage

If your broker delays executing your trade or if the market is highly volatile, you will notice a difference between the price you placed on your order and the execution price. This difference is slippage.

#### Trading Range in the AUD/TWD Pair

When trading forex, you will notice that a currency pair fluctuates over time. The trading range shows the minimum, average, and maximum variation in pips over different timeframes. By analysis of the trading range, we can determine the potential profit from trading a particular pair across various timeframes.

#### The Procedure to assess Pip Ranges

2. Set the period to 1
3. Add a 200-period SMA to this indicator
4. Shrink the chart so you can determine a larger period
6. Measure the floor level and set this value as the min
7. Measure the level of the 200-period SMA and set this as the average
8. Measure the peak levels and set this as Max.

#### AUD/TWD Cost as a Percentage of the Trading Range

To establish the Percentage of the trading range for CAD/TWD, we will express the total trading costs for both ECN and STP accounts as a percentage of the trading range above. This analysis will show us the true costs of trading the AUD/TWD pair across different timeframes, which will aid in determining the best timeframe to trade.

#### ECN Model Account costs

Spread = 24 | Slippage = 2 | Trading fee = 1 | Total cost = 27

#### STP Model Account

Spread = 29 | Slippage = 2 | Trading fee = 0 | Total cost = 31

#### The Ideal Timeframe to Trade  AUD/TWD Pair

From this analysis, we can tell that as the timeframe becomes longer, the trading costs become lower. For both accounts, the highest trading costs are at the 1H timeframe, which coincides with the lowest volatility of 2.7 pips. The lowest trading costs are at the 1-month timeframe coinciding with when volatility is highest at 256.8 pips.

Overall, we can also notice that the trading costs reduce when volatility changes from minimum to maximum across all timeframes. Therefore, traders of the AUD/TWD pair can reduce their trading costs by trading longer timeframes or trading when volatility approaches maximum. Furthermore, using forex limit order types can remove slippage costs.

Here’s an example.

#### ECN Account Using Limit Model Account

= 0 + 24 + 1 = 25

When the slippage costs are eliminated, the trading costs for the AUD/TWD pair drop. In this case, the highest cost dropped from 457.63% to 423.73%.

Categories

## Analyzing The Costs Involved While Trading The NZD/SGD Exotic Forex Pair

#### Introduction

NZD/SGD is the abbreviation for the native currencies of New Zealand and Singapore. It is considered an exotic pair, where NZD is the first (base) currency, and SGD is the second (quote) currency.

#### Understanding NZDSGD

This pair’s price determines the value of SGD, which is equivalent to one New Zealand Dollar, NZD. We can quote it as 1 NZD per X number of SGD. For example, if the NZDSGD pair’s value is at 0.90759, we need almost 0.90759 SGD to buy one NZD.

#### NZDSGD Specification

The spread comes from the difference between the bid and the ask prices offered by the broker. This value is controlled by the brokers; therefore, traders don’t have a say in this. This value varies on the type of execution used for performing the trades. Below are the ECN and STP values for NZD/SGD currency pair.

#### Fees

The fee or commission in Forex is similar to the one that is paid to stockbrokers, where it is automatically deducted from traders’ accounts when they take a trade. Note that there are no fees on STP trading accounts, but a few pips are charged on ECN accounts.

#### Slippage

Slippage happens when a trader tries to open a trade in a price, but it opens at another price. The main reason to occur slippage is the market volatility and the broker’s execution speed.

#### Procedure to assess Pip Ranges

2. Set the period to 1
3. Add a 200-period SMA to this indicator
4. Shrink the chart so you can assess a large time period
6. Measure the floor level and set this value as the min
7. Measure the level of the 200-period SMA and set this as the average
8. Measure the peak levels and set this as Max.

#### NZDSGD Cost as a Percent of the Trading Range

If we look at the volatility values at the above table, we can see how the cost changes with the change in volatility of the market. We just have got that ratio and converted into percentages.

#### ECN Model Account

Spread = 26 | Slippage = 5 | Trading fee = 8

= 26 + 5 + 8

Total cost = 39

#### STP Model Account

Spread = 26 | Slippage = 5 | Trading fee = 0

= 26 + 5 + 0

Total cost = 31

#### The Ideal way to trade the NZDSGD

The NZDSGD is a currency pair that has a lot of volatility and liquidity. Therefore, it is easier for a trader to trade this currency pair. The above-mentioned percentage values are all within almost 500%. It is an indication that the cost is higher in the lower timeframe and lowers in the higher timeframe.

In other words, the cost rises with an increase in volatility. Therefore, the risk of this pair is that it is highly volatile. However, the best time to trade in this pair is when the volatility is at the average value. A decrease in volatility is ineffective, while the increase in volatility is risky. Therefore, sticking to the average value is suitable for this pair.

Furthermore, there’s an additional way to lessen the cost of the trades you execute. This is by placing a pending order as a ‘limit’ order instead of a ‘market’ order. In this case, there will be no slippage. So, in this example, the total cost will be reduced by five pips.

#### STP Model Account (Using Limit Orders)

Spread = 26 | Slippage = 0 | Trading fee = 0

= 26 + 0 + 0

Total cost = 26

Categories

#### Introduction

CAD/AED is a Forex exotic currency pair, where CAD represents the currency of Canada, an AED is the currency of the UAE. In this exotic currency pair, CAD is the base first, and AED is the second currency.

This pair’s price determines the value of AED, which is equivalent to one CAD. We can term it as 1 CAD per X numbers of AED. For example, if the CAD/AED pair’s value is at 2.8007; therefore, we need almost 2.8007 AED to buy one CAD.

In every financial market, Spread represents the difference between the Bid and Ask. It is usually a charge that is deducted by the forex broker. This value changes with the type of execution model.

#### Fees

The trading fees in the forex market and stock market are the same. It is deducted from the traders’ accounts as soon as they open a new position. Note that STP accounts do not charge anything, but a few pips charges on ECN accounts.

#### Slippage

Slippage happens when price opens above or below the execution level. Slippage occurs because of two important reasons – market volatility and broker’s execution speed.

#### Procedure to assess Pip Ranges

2. Set the period to 1
3. Add a 200-period SMA to this indicator
4. Shrink the chart so you can assess a large time period
6. Measure the floor level and set this value as the min
7. Measure the level of the 200-period SMA and set this as the average
8. Measure the peak levels and set this as Max.

The volatility values on the above table indicate how the cost varies with the change in market volatility. All we did is to get the ratio between the total cost and the volatility values and converted them into percentages.

#### ECN Model Account

Spread = 10 | Slippage = 5 | Trading fee = 8

= 10 + 5 + 8 = 23

#### STP Model Account

Spread = 10 | Slippage = 5 | Trading fee = 0

= 10 + 5 + 0 = 15

The CADAED is an exotic cross currency pair with higher volatility and liquidity. Because of this, traders may find it easy to trade in this pair. We can see that the percentage values above where the value did not move above 230% that represents a higher trading cost in the lower timeframe. However, when we move to the monthly timeframe, the average cost came to below 2%.

Therefore, trading intraday in this currency pair is risky due to the high trading cost. On the other hand, trading in a higher timeframe has less cost, but it requires a lot of patience and time. Overall, for every trader, it is recommended to stick on trading where the trading cost is at the average value.

Another way to reduce the cost is to place a pending order as ‘limit’ and ‘stop’ instead of ‘market.’ In that case, there will be no slippage in the calculation of the total costs. So, in our example, the overall cost will be reduced by five pips.

#### STP Model Account (Using limit orders)

Spread = 10 | Slippage = 0 | Trading fee = 0

= 10 + 0 + 0 = 10

Categories

#### Introduction

CHF/CNY is the abbreviation for the Swiss Franc against the Chinese Yuan. It is categorized as an exotic-cross currency pair with moderate volatility and low trading volume. Here, the Swiss Franc (on the left) is the base currency, and the Chinese Yuan (on the right) is the quote currency. The Chinese Yuan(CNY) is also known as the Renminbi, which is also the official currency of China.

#### Understanding CHF/CNY

The market price of CHF represents the value of CNY that is compelled to purchase one CHF. It is quoted as 1 CHF per X CNY. If at all the market price of this pair is 7.5423, then this amount of CNY is required to buy one unit of CHF.

The distinction between the asking price and the offering price is termed as the spread. ECN and STP account models will have different spread values. The estimated spread values of CHF/CNY pair in both the accounts are mentioned below:

ECN: 19 pips | STP: 24 pips

#### Fees

The fee is the commission that one pays for the trade. There is no commission charged on STP accounts, but a few additional pips are charged on ECN accounts.

#### Slippage

The variation between the trader’s expected price and the executed price offered by the broker is referred to as slippage. Its cost varies on the volatility of the market and the broker’s implementation speed.

The trading range is represented in a tabular form to understand the pip movement of a currency pair in different timeframes. These values help us determine the profit, which will be generated from trade. To obtain the worth, you will need to multiply the below pip value with the volatility value.

#### Procedure to assess Pip Ranges

2. Set the period to 1
3. Add a 200-period SMA to this indicator
4. Shrink the chart so you can assess a large time period
6. Measure the floor level and set this value as the min
7. Measure the level of the 200-period SMA and set this as the average
8. Measure the peak levels and set this as Max.

#### CHF/CNY Cost as a Percent of the Trading Range

We can ascertain the cost variations in trade by implementing the total cost to the below-mentioned table. The values are achieved by identifying the proportion between total cost and volatility value, and they are represented in the form of a percentage.

#### ECN Model Account

Total cost = Slippage + Spread + Trading Fee = 5 + 19 + 8 = 32

#### STP Model Account

Spread = 24 | Slippage = 5 | Trading fee = 0

Total cost = Slippage + Spread + Trading Fee = 5 + 24 + 0 = 29

#### The Ideal way to trade the CHF/CNY

Understanding the above table is very simple. The proportion of the total cost of trade is directly relative to the value. It is seen that the rates are approximately high on the minimum section and the other way around. The perfect time to enter the market might be where CHF/CNY’s volatility is between the average pip movement.

To lower your risk, it is recommended to trade when the volatility is near the minimum levels. In this case, the volatility is low, and the costs are marginally high compared to the average and the max values. But, if your primary worry is on lowering costs, you may trade when the market volatility is close to the maximum values.

Trading in such timeframes will assure low expenses just as smaller liquidity. It will also include fewer costs by placing orders using limit/pending orders instead of market orders. This will substantially reduce the total cost with slippage being zero.

#### STP Model Account (Using Limit Orders)

Spread = 24 | Slippage = 0 | Trading fee = 0

Total cost = Slippage + Spread + Trading Fee = 0 + 24 + 0 = 24

I hope this article will aid you to trade this pair in a much efficient way. Cheers!

Categories

## Analyzing The BCH/USD Crypto-Fiat Pair

#### Introduction

BCH/USD is a cryptocurrency abbreviated for the Bitcoin Cash against the US Dollar. This is the highest traded cryptocurrency in terms of volume. Also, it is a 24/7 market. Note that, Bitcoin Cash is not the same Bitcoin; both are two different cryptocurrencies.

#### Understanding BCH/USD

The price of BCH/USD represents the value of the US Dollar that makes up one Bitcoin Cash. It is quoted as 1 BCH per X USD. For example, if the value of BCH/USD is 234.06, these many US Dollars are required to purchase one Bitcoin Cash.

#### BCH/USD Specifications

Spread is the difference between the bid and the ask price. Spread is different with different brokers and the type of execution model they use. Below are the ECN & STP values for the BCH/USD pair.

Spread on ECN: 400 pips (4.00 USD) | Spread on STP: 450 pips (4.50 USD)

#### Fee

A Fee is a commission paid on each position a trader takes and closes. This fee is charged only by ECN brokers. The slippage for each lot traded is a pip. The seems to be less because one lot accounts for only 1 BCH.

#### Slippage

Slippage is the difference between the price demanded by the trader and the price given by the broker. There are two reasons for slippage to occur:

• High market volatility
• Broker’s execution speed

A Trading range is the representation of the volatility in BCH/USD for different timeframes. The numbers help in determining the approximate risk and reward on a trade.

#### Procedure to assess Pip Ranges

2. Set the period to 1
3. Add a 200-period SMA to this indicator
4. Shrink the chart so you can assess a large time period
6. Measure the floor level and set this value as the min
7. Measure the level of the 200-period SMA and set this as the average
8. Measure the peak levels and set this as Max.

#### BCH/USD Cost as a Percent of the Trading Range

A Fee is a variable that varies as the volatility of the market changes. Below are tables depicting the variation in the costs with the change in the volatility.

#### ECN Model Account

Total cost = Slippage + Spread + Trading Fee = 10 + 400 + 1 = 411

#### STP Model Account

Spread = 450 | Slippage = 10 | Trading fee = 0

Total cost = Slippage + Spread + Trading Fee = 10 + 450 + 0 = 460

As mentioned, BCH/USD is currently the most traded cryptocurrency in the market. Therefore, one can expect enough volatility and liquidity. The volatility in BCH/USD is very high. For example, the minimum volatility on the 1H timeframe is 20, while the maximum is 118 on the same timeframe, which is five times the minimum. Hence, this makes this pair highly volatile and risky as well.

So, it is ideal for traders to trade when the volatility is between the average values. The volatility during such times is neither too high nor too low. Also, the costs aren’t too high. If traders wish to reduce costs even further, they could trade via limit or stop orders instead of market orders, as this would completely cut the slippage on the trade. The cost variations when the trades are executed either by limit or stop is given below.

#### ECN Model Account (Using Limit Orders)

Total cost = Slippage + Spread + Trading Fee = 0 + 400 + 1 = 401

Categories

## Asset Analytics – Analyzing The GBP/DKK Currency Pair

#### Introduction

GBP Pound sterling, also known as the pound, is the official currency of the United Kingdom and many others. The sterling is the fourth most-traded currency in the forex market. Where in DKK is known as The krone and sometimes Danish crown. It is the official currency of Denmark, Greenland, and the Faroe Islands.

GBP/DKK is the abbreviation for the Pound sterling against the Danish crown. In the Forex, one currency is quoted against the other. Here, the first currency(GBP) is the base currency, and the second(DKK) is the quote currency. The GBPDKK is classified as exotic-cross currency pair.

#### Understanding GBP/DKK

In Forex, to find out the relative value of one currency, we need another currency to compare. The market value of GBPDKK determines the strength of DKK against the GBP that can be easily understood as 1GBP is equal to how much DKK, so if the exchange rate for the pair GBPDKK is 8.3430. It means that we need 8.3430DKK to buy 1 GBP.

If the value of the base currency goes down, the value of the quote currency goes up and vice versa.

Forex brokers have two different prices for currency pairs: the bid and ask price. The bid price is the selling price, and ask is the buy price.

The difference between the ask and the bid price is called the spread. The spread is how brokers make their money.

ECN: 39 pips | STP: 42 pips

#### Fees

A Fee is simply the commission we pay to the broker on each position we open. There is no fee on STP account models, but a few pips on ECN accounts.

#### Slippage

slippage refers to the difference between the trader’s expected price and the actual price at which the trade is executed. It can occur at any time but mostly happens when the market is fast-moving and volatile. Also, sometimes when we place a large number of orders at the same time.

The amount of money you will win or lose in a given amount of time can be assessed using the trading range table. This is a representation of the minimum, average, and maximum pip movement in a currency pair. This can be evaluated simply by using the ART indicator combined with 200-period SMA.

#### Procedure to assess Pip Ranges

2. Set the period to 1
3. Add a 200-period SMA to this indicator
4. Shrink the chart so you can assess a significant period
6. Measure the floor level and set this value as the min
7. Measure the level of the 200-period SMA and set this as the average
8. Measure the peak levels and set this as Max.

#### GBP/DKKCost as a Percent of the Trading Range

The cost of trade mostly depends on the broker and varies based on the volatility of the market. This is because the total cost involves slippage and spreads apart from the trading fee. Below is the representation of the cost variation in terms of percentages. The comprehension of it is discussed in the following sections.

#### ECN Model Account

Total cost = Slippage + Spread + Trading Fee = 3 + 39 + 5 = 47

#### STP Model Account

Spread = 42 | Slippage = 3 | Trading fee = 0

Total cost = Slippage + Spread + Trading Fee = 3 + 42 + 0 = 45

The GBP/DKK is an exotic-cross currency pair and is a volatile market. For instance, the average pip movement on the 1H timeframe is only 333 pips. DKK is considered to be an emerging pair.

Note that the higher the volatility, the lower is the cost of the trade. However, this is not an advantage as it is risky to trade highly volatile markets. Also, the larger/smaller the percentages, the higher/lower are the costs on the trade. So, we can infer that the prices are higher for low volatile markets and high for highly volatile markets.

It is recommended to trade when the volatility is around the minimum values. The volatility here is low, and the costs are a little high compared to the average and the maximum values. But, if you’re priority is towards reducing costs, you may trade when the volatility of the market is around the maximum values.

Categories

## What Should You Know Before Trading The EUR/RON Forex pair

#### Introduction

The abbreviation of the Euro Area’s euro against the Romanian Leu is written as EUR/RON. This pair is classified as an exotic currency pair. The volume traded in this pair is pretty low. Here, the EUR is the base currency, and the EGP is the quote currency.

#### Understanding EUR/RON

The value of the EUR/RON determines the value of RON equivalent to one EUR. It is quoted as 1 EUR per X RON. For example, if the value of EUR/RON is 4.8512, then exactly 4.8512 RON is required to buy one Euro.

The difference between the bid and the ask price for that currency pair is referred to as the spread. The spread is different on ECN and STP accounts.

ECN: 75 pips | STP: 80 pips

#### Fees

The fee is simply the commission on the trade. One has to pay a few pips of fee on the trade for entering as well as exiting the trade. However, this is only on ECN accounts. On STP accounts, there is no fee.

#### Slippage

The slippage is the difference between the trader’s required price for execution and the price the broker actually gave the trader. There is this difference due to the volatility of the market and the broker’s execution speed.

A Trading range is the illustration of the pip movement of a currency pair in different timeframes. The values are obtained from the average true indicator. The volatility values help us in determining the number of pips our trade can move in a given time frame.

#### Procedure to assess Pip Ranges

2. Set the period to 1
3. Add a 200-period SMA to this indicator
4. Shrink the chart so you can assess a large time period
6. Measure the floor level and set this value as the min
7. Measure the level of the 200-period SMA and set this as the average
8. Measure the peak levels and set this as Max.

#### EUR/RON Cost as a Percent of the Trading Range

With the volatilities values obtained above, we can even determine the variation in the cost of the trade. Below are the cost variation tables for ECN and STP accounts.

#### ECN Model Account

Total cost = Slippage + Spread + Trading Fee = 5 + 75 + 3 = 83

#### STP Model Account

Spread = 80 | Slippage = 5 | Trading fee = 0

Total cost = Slippage + Spread + Trading Fee = 5 + 80 + 0 = 85

Consider the below chart on the 1H timeframe. We can clearly see that the volatility in this pair is very high. There is hardly any movement for a few hours, but a big spike up/down suddenly. And this type of movement is very risky for business. Hence, it is recommended to avoid trading smaller timeframes of this pair.

Nonetheless, considering the 1D chart of EUR/RON, we can see that the volatility is decent enough. Hence, this becomes a tradable timeframe for us. In fact, any timeframe above the daily can be traded efficiently.

How to manage costs?

In the trading cost table, we can see that the percentage values are large in the min column and small in the max column. This means that the costs are high for low volatilities and small for high volatilities. So, to have a balance between the volatility and costs, one may trade when the volatility is around average values.

Furthermore, trading through limit orders is another way to reduce costs. In doing so, the slippage on the trade will not be applied to the total costs.

Categories

## Costs Involved While Trading The EUR/CZK Forex Pair

#### Introduction

EUR/CZK is the abbreviation for the Euro Area’s euro against the Czech Koruna. This pair is an exotic-cross currency pair. Here, the EUR is the base currency, and the CZK is the quote currency.

#### Understanding EUR/CZK

The price of this pair in the exchange market determines the value of CZK equivalent to one euro. It is quoted as 1 EUR per X CZK. So, if the value of this pair is 26.0896, these many Korunas are required to purchase one EUR.

Spread is the difference between the bid and the ask price offered by the broker. This value is different on the ECN account model and STP account model. An approximate value for the two is given below.

ECN: 45 pips | STP: 47 pips

#### Fees

A fee is another term for the commission of the trade. There is no fee on STP accounts, but a few pips on ECN accounts.

#### Slippage

Slippage is the difference between the price intended by the trader and the price the trader actually received from the broker.

The trading range is the tabular representation of the pip movement of a currency pair in different timeframes. These values are useful for determining the profit that can be generated from a trade before-hand. To find the value, you must multiply the below volatility value with the pip value of this pair.

#### Procedure to assess Pip Ranges

2. Set the period to 1
3. Add a 200-period SMA to this indicator
4. Shrink the chart so you can assess a large time period
6. Measure the floor level and set this value as the min
7. Measure the level of the 200-period SMA and set this as the average
8. Measure the peak levels and set this as Max.

#### EUR/CZK Cost as a Percent of the Trading Range

This is the representation of the cost variation of trades for different timeframes and volatilities. The values are obtained by finding the ratio between the total cost and the volatility value and are expressed as a percentage.

#### ECN Model Account

Total cost = Slippage + Spread + Trading Fee = 3 + 45 + 3 = 51

#### STP Model Account

Spread = 47 | Slippage = 3 | Trading fee = 0

Total cost = Slippage + Spread + Trading Fee = 3 + 47 + 0 = 50

The larger the percentage values, the higher is the cost of the trade. From the above tables, we can see that the values are large in the min column and comparatively smaller in the max column. This means that the costs are high when the volatility of the market is low.

It is neither advisable to trade when the volatility of the market is high, nor when the costs are high. To have a balance between both these factors, it is ideal to trade when the volatility of the pair is in the range of the average values.

Furthermore, to reduce your costs even further, you may place trades using limit orders instead of market orders. In doing so, the slippage will not be included in the calculation of the total costs. And this will bring down the cost of the trades by a decent number. An example of the same is given below.

Total cost = Slippage + Spread + Trading Fee = 0 + 45 + 3 = 48

Categories

#### Introduction

EUR/SGD is the abbreviation for the Euro area’s euro against the Singapore Dollar. This is one of the most traded exotic currency pairs in the world. In this pair, EUR is the base currency, and SGD is the quote currency.

#### Understanding EUR/SGD

The price of this pair represents the value of SGD, which is equal to one EUR. It is quoted as 1 EUR per X SGD. For example, if the value of this pair is 1.5552, then about 1.5 Singapore Dollars are required to purchase one euro.

#### EUR/SGD Specification

The spread is the difference between the bid and the ask price in the market. These two prices are set by the brokers. And it depends on the type of execution model used by the brokers.

#### Fees

On ECN accounts, for every position you open, there is some fee involved with it. This is different for different brokers. However, on STP accounts, there is no fee as such.

#### Slippage

To put it in simple words, slippage is the difference between the trader’s demanded price and price given by the broker. The trader does not get his intended price due to two reasons – Broker’s execution speed & Market volatility

With the trading range table, we can assess our gain/loss on a trade in a given timeframe even before we open positions for it. This is done by considering the past volatility of the market.

Now, to determine the profit/loss on a trade, all you must do is, multiply the volatility value with the pip value (\$7.25).

#### Procedure to assess Pip Ranges

2. Set the period to 1
3. Add a 200-period SMA to this indicator
4. Shrink the chart so you can assess a large time period
6. Measure the floor level and set this value as the min
7. Measure the level of the 200-period SMA and set this as the average
8. Measure the peak levels and set this as Max.

#### EUR/SGD Cost as a Percent of the Trading Range

This is an excellent application to the above volatility table. By considering the pip movement values, we can determine the cost variation of a trade as well. To do so, we find the ratio between the total cost and volatility value and convert it into percentages. Below are the cost variations for ECN and STP accounts models.

#### ECN Model Account

Spread = 10 | Slippage = 3 | Trading fee = 3

Total cost = Slippage + Spread + Trading Fee = 3 + 10 + 3

Total cost = 16

#### STP Model Account

Spread = 11 | Slippage = 3 | Trading fee = 0

Total cost = Slippage + Spread + Trading Fee = 3 + 11 + 0

Total cost = 14

#### The Ideal way to trade the EUR/SGD

Comprehending the costs : Large/Small percentage -> High/Low costs

From the above the tables and the implications, we can conclude that costs are high when the volatility of the low and high when the volatility is low. And when it comes to the ideal way to trade this pair, conservative traders may trade it during those times when the volatility values are at or above the average values. This will ensure enough volatility as well as affordable costs. And other aggressive traders may trade during any of the extremes.

Also, traders can reduce their total costs by trading using limit orders and stop orders. Unlike the market orders, limit and stop orders do not include slippage on the trade. Hence, this will reduce costs considerably.

Categories

## Analyzing The USD/KRW Forex Currency Pair

#### Introduction

USDKRW is the abbreviation for the US Dollar against the South Korean Won. This pair comes under the branch of emerging currency pairs. Here, the US Dollar, being on the left, is the base currency, and the KRW is the quote currency.

#### Understanding USD/KRW

The market price of this determines the value of KRW equivalent to the US \$1. It is quoted as 1 USD per X KRW. So, if the market price of USDINR is 1199.70, these many units of the quote currency are required to purchase one unit of the base currency.

The algebraic difference between the bid price and the ask price is referred to as the spread. This is the primary source through which brokers generate their revenue. The spread varies from broker to broker and also the way through which they execute the trades.

ECN: 24 pips | STP: 25 pips

#### Fees

A fee is nothing but the commission that you pay to the broker on each trade. It is similar to that one that is paid to stock market brokers. Below is the fee on ECN and STP accounts.

ECN – 5-10 pips | STP – 0 pips

#### Slippage

Slippage is the variation in the price that was intended by the trade and price that was executed by the broker. Market volatility and the broker’s execution speed are the sole reasons for slippage to occur.

A trading range is a table of volatility values in different timeframes. It shows the minimum, average, and maximum pip movement in USDKRW.

Procedure to assess Pip Ranges

2. Set the period to 1
3. Add a 200-period SMA to this indicator
4. Shrink the chart so you can assess a large time period
6. Measure the floor level and set this value as the min
7. Measure the level of the 200-period SMA and set this as the average
8. Measure the peak levels and set this as Max.

#### USD/KRW Cost as a Percent of the Trading Range

This an application to the above range table. Here, we determine the variation in the costs for changing volatility and a set of timeframes. With this, we can figure out the ideal times of the day to enter and exit this currency pair.

#### ECN Model Account

Total cost = Slippage + Spread + Trading Fee = 3 + 24 + 3 = 30

#### STP Model Account

Spread = 20 | Slippage = 3 | Trading fee = 0

Total cost = Slippage + Spread + Trading Fee = 3 + 25 + 0 = 28

#### The Ideal way to trade the USD/KRW

Though the Forex market is a 24-hour market, it is not really ideal to trade anytime during the day. This is due to the changes in the costs as the volatility changes.

From the table, we can observe that the cost percentage values are higher in the minimum column and comparatively lower in the maximum column. This means that the costs are high during less volatile markets, and low for highly volatile markets. So, choosing the right time to trade is dependent on the type of trader you are.

For instance, if a trader is concerned about the costs and ignorant of the volatility, then he may trade the market during high volatilities. But, if you’re a trader who’s concerned about both the factors, then you may trade during those times when the volatility of the market is around the average values. This will provide you with decent volatility with pretty low costs as well.

There is another way through which one can lower their cost much more. And this is through taking trades using limit orders instead of market orders. Considering the above-mentioned example, the total cost now would be reduced by three pips.

Categories

## Understanding The USD/INR Forex Currency Pair

#### Introduction

USD/INR is the abbreviation for the US Dollar against the Indian Rupee. This Asian pair is classified as an emerging currency pair. Here, the US Dollar is the base currency, and the INR is the quote currency.

#### Understanding USD/INR

The price in the market determines how much the Indian Rupee worth with respect to the US Dollar is. It is quoted as 1 USD per X INR. So, if the market price of USDINR is 71.46, then around ₹71 is required to purchase \$1.

Spread in foreign exchange, is the difference between the bid and the ask price of the currency pair. This is the primary way through which brokers generate revenue. Spread is typically decided by the brokers itself. And it varies based on the type of execution model implemented by the brokers.

ECN: 19 pips | STP: 20 pips

#### Fees

Out of the two types of execution models, there is a fee, only on ECN accounts. Typically, there is no fee on STP accounts. However, this is compensated by higher spreads.

#### Slippage

Slippage is the difference between the price demanded by the user and the price he received by the broker. There is always this difference when orders are executed by the market. There are a couple of reasons for its occurrence.

• Broker’s execution speed
• Market’s volatility

The minimum, average, and maximum volatility of the currency pair in different timeframes are represented in the below trading range table. These values help us calculate the profit or loss that can be made in a given amount of time. Hence, this table is a great risk management tool.

#### Procedure to assess Pip Ranges

2. Set the period to 1
3. Add a 200-period SMA to this indicator
4. Shrink the chart so you can determine a significant period
6. Measure the floor level and set this value as the min
7. Measure the level of the 200-period SMA and set this as the average
8. Measure the peak levels and set this as Max.

#### USD/INR Cost as a Percent of the Trading Range

The costs as a percent of the trading range are the representation of the variation of the costs for different volatilities and timeframes. Understanding this cost variation helps in determining the ideal times of the day to trade this currency pair, which shall be discussed in the subsequent sections.

#### ECN Model Account

Total cost = Slippage + Spread + Trading Fee = 3 + 19 + 3 = 25

#### STP Model Account

Spread = 20 | Slippage = 3 | Trading fee = 0

Total cost = Slippage + Spread + Trading Fee = 3 + 20 + 0 = 23

#### The Ideal way to trade the USD/INR

Before getting into it, let’s first comprehend the below tables. The greater the values of the percentage, the greater is the cost of the trade. Similarly, the lower the values, the lesser is the total cost of the trade. Also, costs are inversely proportional to the volatility of the market.

From the above tables, we can ascertain that the values are higher in the min column, and gradually increases in the up to the max column. This means that the costs are high when the volatility of the market is low. The costs are neither too high nor too low for average volatility. Hence, if you are a trader who requires moderate volatility and low costs, then you may trade when the volatility of the market is around the average values.

Note: The current volatility of the market can be obtained from the ATR indicator.

There is another way through which one can considerably reduce their costs. By executing trades via limit/stop orders instead of market orders, the slippage on the trade will be waived off from the total costs. This brings down the costs significantly. For example, if the slippage on the trade is five pips, then five pips will be reduced in calculating the total costs on the trade.

Categories

## Assessing The USD/UAH Exotic Forex Currency Pair

USD/UAH is the abbreviation for the currency pair US dollar against the Ukrainian Hryvnia. It is classified as an emerging currency pair. The volatility, liquidity, and volume in this pair, is significantly low. In this pair, the US dollar is the base currency, and UAH is the quote currency.

#### Understanding USD/UAH

The value of the pair as a whole represents the value of UAH that is equivalent to one US dollar. It is quoted as 1 USD per X UAH. For instance, if the value of USDUAH is 24.19, then about 24 Hryvnias are required to purchase one US dollar.

The difference between the bid price and the ask price is referred to as the spread. Spread usually varies from broker to broker, and also on the execution model used by the brokers.

ECN: 20 pips | STP: 23 pips

#### Fees

As the name pretty much suggests, the fee is the charge paid to the broker on each trade. Below is the fee on ECN and STP accounts.

ECN – 5-10 pips | STP – 0 pips

#### Slippage

Due to the changes in the volatility and the broker’s execution speed on the trade, a trader does not get the exact price he needed. And the difference between the two prices is called slippage.

Risk management is a vital factor in trading. The trading range is a tabular representation of the pip movement in a currency pair in different timeframes. And these values help in determining the gain or loss on a trade.

Note: The product of the pip movement value and the pip value (per standard lot) yields the profit/loss in a trade for a particular timeframe.

#### Procedure to assess Pip Ranges

2. Set the period to 1
3. Add a 200-period SMA to this indicator
4. Shrink the chart so you can determine a large time period
6. Measure the floor level and set this value as the min
7. Measure the level of the 200-period SMA and set this as the average
8. Measure the peak levels and set this as Max.

#### USD/UAH Cost as a Percent of the Trading Range

The total cost of a trade is determined by the sum of the spread, slippage, and the trading fee. And this varies from time to time, based on the volatility of the market. Below are the tables that represent the costs for different volatilities and timeframes.

#### ECN Model Account

Total cost = Spread + Slippage + Trading Fee = 20 + 3 + 5 = 28

#### STP Model Account

Total cost = Spread + Slippage + Trading Fee = 23 + 3 + 5 = 31

#### The Ideal way to trade the USD/UAH

Firstly, the percentage values depict the cost variation on the trade. The magnitude of the percentage is directly proportional to the cost of the trade.

We can see that the minimum pip movement in 1H, 2H, and 4H timeframe is 0 pips. So, it is pointless to trade in the lower timeframes. However, one may trade this pair on the higher timeframes, like the 1D, 1W, and 1M. To reduce costs even further and to have decent volatility, one may preferably trade when the volatility of the market is above the average values.

Furthermore, limit orders is another way through which a trader can bring down their costs considerably. This is because limit orders, unlike the market orders, do not have any slippage on it. For instance, the total cost on an ECN account for limit orders would be,

Total cost = Spread + Slippage + Trading Fee = 20 + 0 + 5 = 25

#### Corollary

We can see that on average volatilities, it almost takes a week range to cover the costs if the trade goes in the direction of the trade.  That means this pair is unsuitable to trade short-term. The use of limit orders to catch the price entry at the absolute minimum of the week, combined with ultra-reliable timing, is the only way to succeed. There are lots of better pairs to choose from.

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## Understanding The Trading Costs Involved In USD/TRY Exotic Currency Pair

#### Introduction

USDTRY, an exotic currency pair, is the abbreviation for the US Dollar against the Turkish Lira. One can expect high volatility in these pairs. Here, the US Dollar is called the base currency and TRY the quote currency.

#### Understanding USD/TRY

The value of USDTRY depicts the value of TRY equivalent to one USD. It is quoted as 1 USD per X TRY. So, if the market value of this pair is 5.9878, then 5.9878 Liras are required to buy one US Dollar.

Spread is the difference between the bid price in the market and the ask price in the market. These prices are set by the brokers. Hence, the prices from each broker differ. Moreover, it varies from the type of execution as well.

ECN: 12 pips | STP: 14 pips

#### Fees

The commission that you pay to your broker for taking a position in a currency pair is a fee on the trade. This, too, depends on the type of execution model. There is typically no fee on STP accounts. And on ECN accounts, there are a few pips of fees.

#### Slippage

Slippage is the difference between the trader’s requested price and the broker’s executed price. It depends on two factors, namely, the broker’s execution speed and market volatility.

The trading range is the range of the pip movement in a currency pair on different timeframes. With it, traders can determine their minimum, average, and maximum risk on a trade in a specified time frame.

#### Procedure to assess Pip Ranges

2. Set the period to 1
3. Add a 200-period SMA to this indicator
4. Shrink the chart so you can determine a large time period
6. Measure the floor level and set this value as the min
7. Measure the level of the 200-period SMA and set this as the average
8. Measure the peak levels and set this as Max.

#### USD/TRY Cost as a Percent of the Trading Range

Apart from knowing how many pips the market moves in a given timeframe, it is also necessary to understand the total cost variation in a trade. And below are two tables (for ECN and STP) that will help determine the best time of the day to trade in the currency pair with reduced costs.

#### ECN Model Account

Total cost = Slippage + Spread + Trading Fee = 3 + 12 + 3 = 18

#### STP Model Account

Spread = 14 | Slippage = 3 | Trading fee = 0

Total cost = Slippage + Spread + Trading Fee = 3 + 14 + 0 = 17

#### The Ideal way to trade the USD/TRY

The costs on major currencies are pretty low, and the volatility is great. So it is ideal to enter any time in the market to trade these pairs. But, when it comes to exotic pairs, the volatility, as well as the costs, are quite high. Hence, one must be aware of when exactly they should trade these currencies.

The percentages in the above tables are directly proportional to the volatility of the market. Hence, we can conclude that costs are when the volatility is low and vice versa.

To determine the ideal times of the day to trade, you must glance at the volatility table and check if the current volatility if nearby the average values mentioned in the tables. If they are more or less in that range, you are good to trade that currency pair because this will assure a balance between both volatilities as well as costs.

Also, another simple way to reduce costs is by getting rid of the slippage on the trade. This can be done by executing orders using limit orders instead of market orders. In doing so, the total costs will reduce by a significant amount, and so will the cost of the trade.

Categories

## Trading The USD/SEK Exotic Forex Currency Pair

#### Introduction

USDSEK, the US Dollar against the Swedish Krona, is an exotic currency pair in the forex market. USD is called the base currency and SEK the quote currency. Coming under the classification of exotic pairs, the volatility in this pair is pretty high.

#### Understanding USD/SEK

The value of USDSEK represents the quantity of SEK that is required to purchase one US Dollar. It is quoted as 1 USD per X SEK. So, if the current of this pair is 9.6123, then these many units of Swedish krona are required to buy one US Dollar.

Spread is the difference between the bid price and the ask price set by your broker. It varies from each broker. It also varies on how they execute the trade as well.

ECN: 12 pips | STP: 14 pips

#### Fees

There is some fee associated with each trade you take in the market. The fee, too, varies from broker to broker and the type of execution model.

Fee on ECN – 5-10 pips

Fee on STP – 0

#### Slippage

Slippage is the algebraic difference between the price needed by the client and the price the broker actually gave him. There is this difference due to the market’s volatility and the speed of execution of the trade. Note that slippage is quite high on exotic pairs.

The below table is the representation of the minimum, average, and maximum pip movement on the USDSEK pair. These values help us assess the gain that can be made or loss that can be incurred in a trade in a given timeframe.

#### Procedure to assess Pip Ranges

2. Set the period to 1
3. Add a 200-period SMA to this indicator
4. Shrink the chart so you can determine a large time period
6. Measure the floor level and set this value as the min
7. Measure the level of the 200-period SMA and set this as the average
8. Measure the peak levels and set this as Max.

#### USD/SEK Cost as a Percent of the Trading Range

An application to the above table is the cost variation in a trade. By calculating the ratio between the total cost and the volatility values, we can determine the perfect times of the day to trade in the market. The comprehension of it is discussed in the upcoming topics.

#### ECN Model Account

Total cost = Slippage + Spread + Trading Fee = 3 + 12 + 3 = 18

#### STP Model Account

Spread = 14 | Slippage = 3 | Trading fee = 0

Total cost = Slippage + Spread + Trading Fee = 3 + 14 + 0 = 17

#### The Ideal way to trade the USD/SEK

Trading exotic currency pairs are different from trading major and minor currency pairs because volatility and volume are different. And when it comes to costs, the costs are higher in exotic pairs compared to major and minor pairs.

The magnitude of the percentage depicts the costs on the trade and is proportional to it. High values in the min column tell that the costs are high when the market volatility is low and vice versa.

To have sufficient volatility with affordable costs, one may trade those times when the volatility is around the average values.

Moreover, limit orders also help in reducing the costs by a significant amount. This is because only market orders have slippage, and limit orders don’t. Hence, cutting off slippage from the total costs will reduce the costs of the trade considerably.

Categories

## Analyzing The USD/HUF Forex Exotic Currency Pair

#### Introduction

The US Dollar versus the Hungarian Forint, in short, is represented as USDHUF. It is an exotic currency pair in the forex market. It has got high volatility and lower volume compared to major and minor currencies. Here, USD is the base currency, and HUF is the quote currency.

#### Understanding USD/HUF

The value of this pair represents the number of HUF that are required to buy one US Dollar. It is quoted as 1 USD per X HUF. If the current market price of USDHUF is 307.72, these many Hungarian Forints are needed to purchase one unit of USD.

Spread is the primary way through which brokers generate revenue from their clients. The pip difference between the bid price and the ask price is their revenue, which is referred to as the spread. Spread is different on ECN accounts and STP accounts.

ECN: 16 pips | STP: 15 pips

#### Fees

On ECN accounts, one has to pay some pips of fee on each position you take. The fee is usually high on exotic pairs and comparatively less on major and minor pairs. However, on STP accounts, the fee is nil.

#### Slippage

Slippage in trading is the difference between the client’s intended price and the price the broker actually gave him. Slippage is affected by two factors:

• Broker’s execution speed
• The volatility of the market

The representation of the minimum, average, and maximum volatility of a currency pair is the trading range. It shows the volatility of the market in different timeframes. And these values help in figuring the profit that can be gained or loss that can be incurred on a trade.

#### Procedure to assess Pip Ranges

2. Set the period to 1
3. Add a 200-period SMA to this indicator
4. Shrink the chart so you can assess a large time period
6. Measure the floor level and set this value as the min
7. Measure the level of the 200-period SMA and set this as the average
8. Measure the peak levels and set this as Max.

#### USD/HUF Cost as a Percent of the Trading Range

Cost as a per cent of the trading range is the representation of the cost discrepancies for different volatilities and timeframes. With these values, we can determine the moments of the day when the costs are less. And this shall be discussed in detail in the next topic.

#### ECN Model Account

Total cost = Slippage + Spread + Trading Fee = 3 + 16 + 3 = 22

#### STP Model Account

Spread = 15 | Slippage = 3 | Trading fee = 0

Total cost = Slippage + Spread + Trading Fee = 3 + 15 + 0 = 18

#### The Ideal way to trade the USD/HUF

We know that exotic currency pairs typically have high volatility and low trading volume. Also, the total costs on trade are pretty expensive. Hence, one must be choosy while deciding when to enter the market.

The higher percentage values in the min column represent that the costs are high when the volatility of the market is low. And the opposite is the case for lower percentage values. However, it is not ideal to trade during any of these times.

One may trade these currency pairs during those times of the day when the volatility values are around the average values. This will ensure decent volatility as well as low costs on the trade.

Furthermore, another simple way to reduce costs is by trading using limit orders and not market orders. Because this will take away the slippage on the total cost, and this will, in turn, reduce the total cost significantly. An example of the same is given below.

#### With slippage

Total cost = Slippage + Spread + Trading Fee = 3 + 16 + 3 = 22

#### Without slippage

Total cost = Slippage + Spread + Trading Fee = 0 + 16 + 3 = 19

Categories

## USD/DKK – Analyzing the Exotic Forex Pair

#### Introduction

USD/DKK is the abbreviation for the US Dollar against the Danish Krone. This pair is considered as an exotic currency pair that typically presents high volatility and low trading volume. The US Dollar is the base currency, and the Danish Krone is the quote currency.

#### Understanding USD/DKK

The value of USD/DKK represents the value of DKK that is equivalent to one US Dollar. It is quoted as 1 USD per X DKK. So, if the current value of this pair is 6.9868, then these many Danish Krones are required to purchase one US Dollar.

Spread is the difference between the bid and the ask price of a currency pair. It is the primary way through which brokers generate revenue. It varies from broker to broker and also the model of execution.

ECN: 14 pips | STP: 15 pips

#### Fees

The fee is simply the commission that you pay on each trade you take.

Fee on ECN – 3-6

Fee on STP – 0

#### Slippage

Slippage is the difference between the price which was intended by the client and the price he got from the broker. This difference changes with the market’s volatility and the broker’s execution speed. Slippage on exotic pairs is typically high.

As it is pretty evident from the table, the trading range is an illustration of the pip movement in a currency pair in different timeframes. These values help us determine the minimum, average, and maximum profit or loss that can be incurred in a trade during a specified time frame. Another application for this table is discussed in the next topic.

#### Procedure to assess Pip Ranges

2. Set the period to 1
3. Add a 200-period SMA to this indicator
4. Shrink the chart so you can determine an extensive period
6. Measure the floor level and set this value as the min
7. Measure the level of the 200-period SMA and set this as the average
8. Measure the peak levels and set this as Max.

#### USD/DKK Cost as a Percent of the Trading Range

Cost as a percent of the trading range is an application to the above volatility table. The below two tables depict the total cost variation in different volatilities and timeframes for ECN and STP accounts.

Note: The percentages are obtained by finding the ratio between the total cost and the pip movement values in the above table.

#### ECN Model Account

Total cost = Slippage + Spread + Trading Fee = 3 + 14 + 3 = 20

#### STP Model Account

Spread = 15 | Slippage = 3 | Trading fee = 0

Total cost = Slippage + Spread + Trading Fee = 3 + 15 + 0 = 18

#### The Ideal way to trade the USD/DKK

What do the percentage values mean? Comprehending the above tables is simple. The higher the magnitude of the percentage, the higher are the costs for that particular volatility and timeframe. Similarly, lower percentage values mean that the costs are low.

Trading during high volatilities or when the cost is high is not ideal. So, to ensure an equilibrium between the two, it is best to enter the market during those times when the volatility is around the mid values illustrated in the volatility table.

Apart from this, one can reduce their total costs significantly by placing orders using limit/pending orders instead of market orders. This will altogether remove the slippage factor on the total cost and bring down its value by a high number.

As already mentioned, exotic currency pairs are highly volatile and have low trading volume. This results in higher costs on the trade. Hence, if you really want to trade this pair, it is recommended to follow the above-mentioned mentioned techniques to reduce costs by a considerable amount. Cheers!

Categories

## What Should You Know Before Trading The CHF/JPY Currency Pair

#### Introduction

CHFJPY is a symbolic representation of the Swiss franc against the Japanese yen. Here, CHF is the base currency, and JPY is the quote currency. Since it does not have USD involved, it is classified as a cross-currency pair.

#### Understanding CHF/JPY

The market price of this pair is the number of JPY that are required to purchase one CHF. It is quoted as 1 CHF per X JPY. For example, it’s current value is 112.31, then 112.31 yen are needed to buy one Swiss franc.

Spread in forex is the difference between the bid price of a currency and the ask price of it. And this pip difference is used up by the brokers as a form of fee. However, it is not a fixed value. It varies from brokers to brokers.

ECN: 1.3 | STP: 2.1

#### Fees

Spread is not the only form of fee that is levied by the brokers. There is a commission on the trade as well. The commission is nil on STP accounts, but pips on ECN accounts.

#### Slippage

When entering a trade using market orders, the trader does not get the exact price he intended when he executed it. There might be a difference in pips. This difference is referred to as slippage. Slippage may be in favor of or against the trader.

The trading range is simply a representation of the minimum, average, and maximum pip movement in a currency pair. With these values, one can assess how much money a trader will be risking in a particular timeframe. For example, if the average pip movement on the 4H in this pair is 15 pips, then a trader can expect to win or lose \$150.6 in about 4H or so.

#### Procedure to assess Pip Ranges

2. Set the period to 1
3. Add a 200-period SMA to this indicator
4. Shrink the chart so you can determine a large time period
6. Measure the floor level and set this value as the min
7. Measure the level of the 200-period SMA and set this as the average
8. Measure the peak levels and set this as Max.

#### CHF/JPY Cost as a Percent of the Trading Range

Apart from knowing the profit or loss can one can incur in a given timeframe, it is necessary to assess the cost of these trades as well. Below is a table that represents the cost variation in different volatilities. And these costs are determined by finding the ratio between the total cost and the volatility.

#### ECN Model Account

Total cost = Slippage + Spread + Trading Fee = 2 + 1.3 + 1 = 4.3

#### STP Model Account

Spread = 2.1 | Slippage = 2 | Trading fee = 0

Total cost = Slippage + Spread + Trading Fee = 2 + 2.1 + 0 = 4.1

#### The Ideal way to trade the CHF/JPY

The forex market is open 24hours. However, it is not ideal to enter the market at any time. There are times when the costs are low, and times when it’s high.

The percentages in the table are directly proportional to the costs of the trade. It is seen that the percentages are high in the minimum column, and low in the maximum column. Hence, we can conclude that costs are inversely proportional to the volatility of the market. Now, when it comes to choosing the right time to trade, it is best to enter during those times when the volatility of the market is around the average values. This will ensure enough volatility in the market and low costs as well.

In addition, placing orders using limit/pending orders reduces costs too because this will completely nullify the slippage on the trade and will bring down the total cost significantly.

Categories

## Analyzing The CAD/JPY Forex Asset Class

#### Introduction

CADJPY is the abbreviation for the currency pair, the Canadian dollar against the Japanese yen. This pair is one of the most extensively traded cross currency pairs. In CADJPY, CAD is referred to as the base currency and JPY as the quote currency.

The value of CADJPY is the value of JPY, which is required to purchase one CAD. It is quoted as 1 CAD per X JPY. For example, if the current market price of this pair is 82.651, then these many units of Japanese yen are needed to buy one Canadian dollar.

The bid price is the price used to sell a currency, and ask price is the price used to buy a currency. There is always a difference between the two prices. This difference is called the spread. It varies from broker to broker and also the type of their execution model.

ECN: 1.1 | STP: 2

#### Fees

Similar to stockbrokers, there are forex brokers who charge a few pips of fee on each position a trader opens and closes. This fee is no different from the commission brokers levy. On STP accounts, the fee is nil, while on ECN accounts, it is between 6-10 pips depending on the broker one is using.

#### Slippage

Slippage in trading is the difference between the price requested by the trader and the price he actually received. The two factors responsible for slippage are,

• The volatility of the market
• Broker’s execution speed

A trading range is a tabular representation of the number of pips a currency pair moved in a given timeframe. It represents the minimum, average as well as the maximum pip movement in six different timeframes. These values prove to be important for assessing one’s risk on a trade. For example, if the minimum pip movement in CADJPY on the 4H timeframe is ten pips, then a trader can expect to lose \$917 in about 4H.

#### Procedure to assess Pip Ranges

2. Set the period to 1
3. Add a 200-period SMA to this indicator
4. Shrink the chart so you can determine a large period
6. Measure the floor level and set this value as the min
7. Measure the level of the 200-period SMA and set this as the average
8. Measure the peak levels and set this as Max.

As already mentioned, there is a fee for every trade you take. And knowing the percent fee on the trades you are taking is important, as it depends on the volatility of the market and the timeframe you are trading.

Below is a representation of the total cost variation on trade in terms of percentages. Since costs on ECN accounts are different from STP accounts, we have two separate tables for this concept.

#### ECN Model Account

Total cost = Slippage + Spread + Trading Fee = 2 + 1.1 + 1 = 4.1

#### STP Model Account

Spread = 2 | Slippage = 2 | Trading fee = 0

Total cost = Slippage + Spread + Trading Fee = 2 + 2 + 0 = 4

Before getting right into it, let us comprehend the above tables. The higher the values of the percentages, the higher are the costs on the trade. It is pretty evident from the table that, percentage values are on the higher side in the min column and comparatively lower in the max column. This means that the costs are high when the volatility of the market is low and vice versa. Also, the trades that are taken based on a long term perspective, the costs are considerably low.

One may trade the high volatility markets to minimize your costs, or trade during low volatility by paying high costs. However, it is ideal to enter during those times of the day when the volatility is close to the average values. During these times, one can expect comparatively low costs with enough volatility as well.

On a further note, another simple and effective way to reduce costs is by trading using limit orders. This entry method will take slippage out of the total costs and bring down its value considerably. An example of the same is given below.

Spread = 2 | Slippage = 0 | Trading fee = 0

Total cost = Slippage + Spread + Trading Fee = 2 + 0 + 0 = 2

Categories

## Fundamentals Of CAD/CHF Forex Currency Pair

#### Introduction

CAD/CHF is a currency pair where two currencies, namely, the Canadian dollar and the Swiss franc, are involved. It is a cross-currency pair. Here, CAD is called the based currency, and CHF is called the quote currency.

The current market price of CADCHF tells the value of CHF equivalent to one CAD. It is represented as 1 CAD per X CHF. For example, if the value of CADCHF in the market is 0.7372, then one must pay 0.7372 Swiss francs to buy one Canadian dollar.

In simple terms, the spread is the difference between the bid price and the ask price set by the brokers. It is not a fixed value and differs from time to time and broker to broker. It also varies based on the type of execution model.

ECN: 1 | STP: 2

#### Fees

The fee is the commission that is levied by the broker on each trade a trader takes. This, too, like the spread, differs from broker to broker and the type of their execution model. Fee on ECN accounts is 6-10 pips, while it is nil on STP accounts.

#### Slippage

Slippage is the difference between the trader’s executed price and the price he actually received from the broker. There is always this difference due to the volatility of the market and the broker’s trade execution speed. Note that slippage only happens on market orders.

Apart from analyzing the direction of the market, one must predetermine their risk and reward based on the volatility and the timeframe. Knowing how much a trader will gain or lose in a given time frame is a vital trade management tool. And below is a table through which one can determine their profit/loss that can be made in a specified timeframe. For example, the average pip movement on the 1H timeframe is 6.8. So, a trader can expect to be in a profit of \$68.34 or in a loss of the same amount.

#### Procedure to assess Pip Ranges

2. Set the period to 1
3. Add a 200-period SMA to this indicator
4. Shrink the chart so you can assess a large time period
6. Measure the floor level and set this value as the min
7. Measure the level of the 200-period SMA and set this as the average
8. Measure the peak levels and set this as Max.

An application to the above volatility table is to find the cost differences on trades by considering the volatility and the total cost on a trade. Below is the table that illustrates the variation in cost on a trade, in terms of percentage. The comprehension of it is discussed in the subsequent topic.

#### ECN Model Account

Total cost = Slippage + Spread + Trading Fee = 2 + 1 + 1 = 4

#### STP Model Account

Spread = 2 | Slippage = 2 | Trading fee = 0

Total cost = Slippage + Spread + Trading Fee = 2 + 2 + 0 = 2

The higher the magnitude of the percentage, the higher is the cost of the trade.

The values in the table are least in the min column and highest in the max column. This simply means that the costs are high when the volatility of the market is low and vice versa.

In the average column, the values are not as low as in the max column, and not as high as in the max column. The volatility here is moderate too. Hence, this becomes our ideal time of the day to trade in the market.

To sum it up, one must trade during those times of the day when the volatility is more or less near the average values. This will ensure decent volatility as well as minimal costs.

There is another simple technique to reduce costs on trade. When trades are executed using limit order instead of market orders, the slippage becomes nil. So, this brings down the total cost of the trade by a significant value.

Categories

## What Should Know About The AUD/JPY Currency Pair?

#### Introduction

AUDJPY is the abbreviation for the Australian dollar and the Japanese yen. It commonly referred to as “Aussie yen.” It is one of the cross-currency pairs in the forex market. AUD, being on the left, is termed as the base currency and JPY as the quote currency.

#### Understanding AUD/JPY

The market price of AUDJPY corresponds to the value of JPY that needs to be paid to buy one AUD. It is quoted as 1 AUD per X JPY. For example, if the value of AUDJPY is 74.571, then these many units of the yen are to be produced to purchase one Australian dollar.

#### AUD/JPY Specification

Spread is the medium through which brokers generate their revenue. They set different prices for buying a currency and selling a currency. The difference amount becomes their profit margin. The spread usually changes from time to time and varies on the type of execution model.

ECN: 0.7 | STP: 1.6

#### Fees

Apart from spreads, one needs to pay a charge for every execution a trader makes. It is essentially the commission levied by the broker on each trade. As a matter of fact, there is no fee on STP accounts. But, on ECN accounts, there is a fee of few pips.

#### Slippage

Going by the definition, slippage is the difference between the price executed by the trader and the price he actually received. It could be in favor of the trader or against him. It all depends on the broker’s execution speed and the change in the volatility of the market.

A trading range is a tabular representation of the minimum, average, and the maximum pip movement in a currency pair on different timeframes. These values help in determining the profit that can be made or loss one must bear in a given time frame. And this can be found out by simply finding the product between the pip movement and the value per pip (\$9.15).

#### Procedure to assess Pip Ranges

2. Set the period to 1
3. Add a 200-period SMA to this indicator
4. Shrink the chart so you can determine a large time period
6. Measure the floor level and set this value as the min
7. Measure the level of the 200-period SMA and set this as the average
8. Measure the peak levels and set this as Max.

#### AUD/JPY Cost as a Percent of the Trading Range

Cost as a percent of the trading range is an illustration of the cost variation by considering the total cost and the volatility of the market in different timeframes. These values are expressed in a ratio that is converted to percentages. And the magnitude of these percentages helps in determining the cost variation in each trade.

#### ECN Model Account

Total cost = Slippage + Spread + Trading Fee = 2 + 0.7 + 1 = 3.7

#### STP Model Account

Spread = 1.6 | Slippage = 2 | Trading fee = 0

Total cost = Slippage + Spread + Trading Fee = 2 + 1.6 + 0 = 3.6

#### The Ideal way to trade the AUD/JPY

Though Forex is a 24/7 market, it is not ideal to enter any time in the market. There are certain times when you must enter the market, which can help reduce costs significantly. Let us determine that using the above tables.

Note that the higher the magnitude of the percentage, the higher is the cost of the trade. From the table, it can be ascertained that the values are high in the minimum column, implying that the costs are high when the volatility of the market is low. Similarly, the costs are low when the volatility is high. However, it is not ideal to trade during these times. To ensure optimum volatility and affordable cost, one must trade during those times when the volatility is around the average range.

Furthermore, there is another way through which you can reduce your costs. Trading using limit orders instead of the market orders brings down the total cost significantly, as the slippage becomes zero. The decline in the costs on the trade when slippage is made zero is shown below.

Categories

## Understanding The AUD/CAD Forex Currency Pair

#### Introduction

AUDCAD is the abbreviation for the currency pair, the Australian dollar, and the Canadian dollar. It is a cross-currency pair. One can expect great volatility and liquidity in the market during the Australian session. AUD is the base currency, and CAD is the quote currency.

The value of AUDCAD is the number of Canadian dollars required to buy one Australian dollar. It is quoted as 1 AUD per X CAD. For example, if the value of this pair is 0.9013, then 0.9013 CAD is needed to purchase one AUD.

Spread in trading is the difference between the bid price and the ask price set by the broker. This pip difference is how brokers generate revenue. The spread always varies from broker to broker and the type of account model.

ECN: 1 | STP: 1.9

#### Fees

Apart from spreads, brokers charge a few pips of fee or commission on each trade you take. This exists only ECN accounts, as a fee on STP accounts is nil.

#### Slippage

Due to the delay in the broker’s execution speed and volatility of the market, a trader doesn’t get the exact price he intended. This difference in prices is referred to as slippage. It typically varies from 0.5 pips to 5 pips.

The trading range is the representation of the minimum, average, and maximum volatility in the market in a given timeframe. This proves to be useful in determining the profit/loss that can be made in a specific amount of time. One can determine this simply by finding the product of the pip movement on the required timeframe and the pip value (mentioned in the specification table).

#### Procedure to assess Pip Ranges

2. Set the period to 1
3. Add a 200-period SMA to this indicator
4. Shrink the chart so you can assess a large time period
6. Measure the floor level and set this value as the min
7. Measure the level of the 200-period SMA and set this as the average
8. Measure the peak levels and set this as Max.

The cost of trade is an essential point of consideration in trading. Cost is that factor that is not fixed and varies on different variables. For example, when the volatility changes, the costs change. The same is the case with timeframes as well. Below is a table that illustrates the variation in the costs on a trade for different timeframes and volatilities.

#### ECN Model Account

Total cost = Slippage + Spread + Trading Fee = 2 + 1 + 1 = 4

#### STP Model Account

Spread = 1.9 | Slippage = 2 | Trading fee = 0

Total cost = Slippage + Spread + Trading Fee = 2 + 1.9 + 0 = 3.9

Comprehending the above tables is simple. The higher the magnitude of the costs, the higher is the total cost that has to be paid on a trade and vice versa. In the table, the percentages are on the higher side in the min column and lower in the max column. Hence, it can be concluded that the costs are higher when the volatility is low and vice versa. However, it isn’t ideal to trade in these situations. It is rather preferred to enter the market when the volatility is around the average values because the costs are affordable, and the volatility is as needed.

Moreover, it is recommended to design strategies such that limit orders are put to use. This shall completely eliminate the slippage on the trade. And with the elimination of slippage, the total cost would significantly reduce as well.

Categories

#### Introduction

AUD/NZD is derived from the full-form of the currency pair, the Australian dollar, and the New Zealand dollar. It comes under the classification of cross currency pairs. In this pair, AUD is the base currency, and NZD is the quote currency.

#### Understanding AUD/NZD

The value of AUD/NZD depicts the value of NZD that is equivalent to AUD. It is simply quoted as 1 AUD per X NZD. For example, if the current value of this pair is 1.0405, then these many New Zealand dollars are needed to purchase one Australian dollar.

#### AUD/NZD Specification

Spreads are a typical way through which brokers make money. The pip difference between the bid price and the ask price is their profit margin, which is referred to as the spread. It varies from the type of account model.

ECN: 0.9 | STP: 1.8

#### Fees

The fee is basically the commission on a trade levied by the broker on each trade. Again, it varies from the type of account model.

Fee on STP = 0

Fee on ECN = 6 to 10 pips (starts from as low as one pip)

#### Slippage

The slippage is the difference between the broker’s executed price and the trader’s execution price. There is this variation as the order is executed using market execution. There are two reasons for slippage to take place.

• Broker’s execution speed
• Market’s volatility

Assessing the profit/risk is a great add-on to one’s trading analysis. With this, the trader can know how long he must before his trade performs. And below is the table that enables the analysis of it.

#### Procedure to assess Pip Ranges

2. Set the period to 1
3. Add a 200-period SMA to this indicator
4. Shrink the chart so you can assess a large time period
6. Measure the floor level and set this value as the min
7. Measure the level of the 200-period SMA and set this as the average
8. Measure the peak levels and set this as Max.

#### AUD/NZD Cost as a Percent of the Trading Range

This is one great application of the above table. By combining these values with the total cost of trade, one can determine variations in the costs by varying the parameters like volatility and timeframe.

#### ECN Model Account

Total cost = Slippage + Spread + Trading Fee = 2 + 0.9 + 1 = 3.9

#### STP Model Account

Spread = 1.8 | Slippage = 2 | Trading fee = 0

Total cost = Slippage + Spread + Trading Fee = 2 + 1.8 + 0 = 3.8

#### The Ideal way to trade the AUD/NZD

Before getting into finding the best way to trade this pair, let us comprehend what the above table has got to say.

The higher the magnitude of the percentages, the higher is the cost on the trade for that particular volatility and timeframe. The min column represents low volatility, and the max column represents high volatility.

It can clearly be ascertained from the table that the percentages are comparatively higher on the min column and lower on the max column. This means that the costs are high when volatility is low and vice versa.

But, it is not ideal to trade in neither of the two situations mentioned below.

```When the volatility is high -> because of the risk involved
When the volatility is low -> because the costs are high```

Now, to maintain a balance between all the parameters, it is best to trade when the pip movement is around the average values.

Furthermore, another simple way to reduce cost is by trading using a pending/limit order instead of market orders, as it will nullify the slippage on the trade. And this, in turn, will reduce the total cost of the trade as well.

Categories

## USD/CHF Currency Pair – Everything You Should Know!

#### Introduction

USD/CHF is the abbreviation for the US dollar and the Swiss franc. This pair is a major currency pair. USD is the base currency, while CHF is the quote currency. The pair as a whole tells how many units of the quote currency is needed to purchase one unit of the base currency. Trading USDCHF is as good as saying, trading the ‘Swissie.’

#### Understanding USD/CHF

The exchange value of USDCHF represents the number of Swiss francs required to buy one US dollar. For example, if the value of USDCHF is 0.9820, to purchase one USD, the trader must pay 0.9820 Swiss francs.

#### USD/CHF Specification

Spread in trading is the difference between the bid price and the ask price offered by the broker. It is measured in terms of pips and varies on the type of account and type of broker.

#### Fees

There is a small fee or commission charged by the broker for every trade a trader takes. This depends on both types of accounts and broker. For our analysis, we have kept the fee fixed at one pip.

#### Slippage

Due to volatility in the market, a trader does not usually get the price that he demanded. The actual price differs from the demanded price. This difference is referred to as slippage. For example, if a trader executes a trade at 0.9890, the real price received would be 0.9892. This difference of two pips is known as slippage.

The trading range is a tabular representation of the minimum, average, and maximum pip movement on a particular timeframe. Having knowledge about this is necessary because it helps in managing risk as well as determining the right times of the day to enter and exit a trade with minimal costs.

Below is a table that depicts the minimum, average, and maximum volatility (pip movement) on different timeframes.

#### Procedure to assess Pip Ranges

2. Set the period to 1
3. Add a 200-period SMA to this indicator
4. Shrink the chart so you can assess a large time period
6. Measure the floor level and set this value as the min
7. Measure the level of the 200-period SMA and set this as the average
8. Measure the peak levels and set this as Max.

#### USD/CHF Cost as a Percent of the Trading Range

The number of pips the currency pair move in each timeframe is shown in the above table. Now, we apply these values to find the cost percentage when the volatility is minimum, average, and max. This cost percentage will then help us filter out the most optimal time of the day to take trades.

The comprehension of the cost percentage is simple. If the percentage is high, then the cost is high for that particular timeframe and range. If the percentage is low, then the cost is relatively low for that timeframe and range.

#### ECN Model Account

Spread = 0.8 | Slippage = 2 | Trading fee = 1

Total cost = Slippage + Spread + Trading Fee = 2 + 0.8 + 1 = 3.8

#### STP Model Account

Spread = 1.6 | Slippage = 2 | Trading fee = 0

Total cost = Slippage + Spread + Trading Fee = 2 + 1.6 + 0 = 3.6