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## Analyzing The CAD/DKK Forex Exotic Currency Pair

CADDKK is an exotic currency pair where CAD is the major currency Canada and DKK is the currency of Denmark. In this currency pair, CAD is the first currency, and DKK is the quote currency.

The price of CADDKK determines the value of DKK that is equivalent to one CAD. We can term it as 1 CAD per X amount of DKK. For example, if the CADDKK pair’s value is at 4.7712, we need almost 4.7712 DKK to buy one CAD.

When we subtract the Bid price and the Ask price, we will find the Spread. Spread is a trading cost that is controlled by the broker. Therefore, traders don’t have to do anything with this. This value changes with the change in execution.

#### Fees

Trading fees in the forex market is the cost that the broker takes from traders. It is automatically deducted from traders’ trading account. Note that a few pips charges on ECN accounts but there is no fee on STP.

#### Slippage

Spread is the difference between the execution level and the open price level when it is an excessive level of volatility in the price. Market volatility and execution speed of your broker mainly contributes to the degree of slippage.

#### Procedure to assess Pip Ranges

2. Set the period to 1
3. Add a 200-period SMA to this indicator
4. Shrink the chart so you can assess a large time period
6. Measure the floor level and set this value as the min
7. Measure the level of the 200-period SMA and set this as the average
8. Measure the peak levels and set this as Max.

With the volatility, values provide an indication of how the cost varies with the change of volatility. We got the ratio between the cost and volatility and converted into percentages.

#### ECN Model Account

Spread = 19 | Slippage = 5 | Trading fee = 8

= 19 + 5 + 8

Total cost = 32

#### STP Model Account

Spread = 19 | Slippage = 5 | Trading fee = 0

= 19 + 5 + 0

Total cost = 24

The CADDK is an exotic currency pair with stable volatility in the price. Therefore, it may provide a decent movement even in intraday trading. The percentage of values did not move above 64%. Therefore, we can say that that CADDKK is nicely tradeable even if in the lower timeframe. However, the trading risk is an essential factor that most of the traders should consider while making a trading decision.

Overall all traders should trade when the cost is at an average value. The increase in volatility is risky for the possibility of unwanted stop loss hit, while the decrease in volatility might make trading worthless. To reduce the cost, furthermore, you can place either a ‘limit’ or ‘stop’ order. In this case, there will be no slippage, and in this example, our total cost will be reduced by five pips.

#### STP Model Account (Using Limit Orders)

Spread = 19 | Slippage = 0 | Trading fee = 0

= 19 + 0 + 0

Total cost = 19

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#### Introduction

CHF/THB is the abbreviation for the Swiss Franc against the Thai Baht. It is classified as an exotic-cross currency pair as it usually has a low trading volume. In this case, the Swiss Franc (on the left) is the base currency, and the Thai Baht (on the right) is the quote currency. The THB is the official currency of Thailand, and it is further split up into 100 satangs.

#### Understanding CHF/THB

The market price of CHF represents the value of THB that is required to purchase one CHF(Swiss Franc). It is quoted as 1 CHF per X THB. If the market cost of this pair is 34.350, then this amount of THB is required to buy one unit of CHF.

The distinction between the asking price and the offering price is labeled as the spread. ECN and STP account model will have various spread values; The approximate spread values of CHF/THB pair in both the accounts are mentioned below:

ECN: 30 pips | STP: 35 pips

#### Fees

The fee is the commission that one pays while entering a trade. A few extra pips are charged on ECN accounts, but there is no fee charged on STP accounts.

#### Slippage

The mathematical difference between the price expected by the trader and the given price by the broker can be termed slippage. Its cost varies on two factors, i.e., the market’s high volatility and broker’s implementation speed.

The trading range helps us understand the minimum, average, and maximum pip movement in various time frames. These values assist us in determining the risk, which could be caused by trade. The same is in shown in the below table:

#### Procedure to assess Pip Ranges

2. Set the period to 1
3. Add a 200-period SMA to this indicator
4. Shrink the chart so you can assess a large time period
6. Measure the floor level and set this value as the min
7. Measure the level of the 200-period SMA and set this as the average
8. Measure the peak levels and set this as Max.

#### CHF/THB Cost as a Percent of the Trading Range

The cost variations in trade can be determined by applying the total cost to the table mentioned below. The cost percentage of the trading range represents the difference in fees on the trade and various time frames for differing volatility.

#### ECN Model Account

Total cost = Slippage + Spread + Trading Fee = 5 + 30 + 8 = 43

#### STP Model Account

Spread = 35 | Slippage = 5 | Trading fee = 0

Total cost = Slippage + Spread + Trading Fee = 5 + 35 + 0 = 40

#### The Ideal way to trade the CHF/THB

The CHF/THB is an exotic-cross currency pair, and this market’s volatility is moderate. For instance, the average pip movement on the 1H timeframe is 51 pips. We should understand the higher the volatility, the lower will be the cost to implement the trade. However, this is not an added advantage as trading in a volatile market means more risk.

For example, in the 1M time frame, the Maximum pip range value is 1984, and the minimum is 310. When we evaluate the trading fees for both the pip movements, we can see that for 310pip movement fess is 13.87%, and for the 1984 pip movement, the fee is only 2.17%. With the mentioned example, we can conclude that trading the CHF/THB currency pair will be comparatively expensive.

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#### Introduction

CHF/CNY is the abbreviation for the Swiss Franc against the Chinese Yuan. It is categorized as an exotic-cross currency pair with moderate volatility and low trading volume. Here, the Swiss Franc (on the left) is the base currency, and the Chinese Yuan (on the right) is the quote currency. The Chinese Yuan(CNY) is also known as the Renminbi, which is also the official currency of China.

#### Understanding CHF/CNY

The market price of CHF represents the value of CNY that is compelled to purchase one CHF. It is quoted as 1 CHF per X CNY. If at all the market price of this pair is 7.5423, then this amount of CNY is required to buy one unit of CHF.

The distinction between the asking price and the offering price is termed as the spread. ECN and STP account models will have different spread values. The estimated spread values of CHF/CNY pair in both the accounts are mentioned below:

ECN: 19 pips | STP: 24 pips

#### Fees

The fee is the commission that one pays for the trade. There is no commission charged on STP accounts, but a few additional pips are charged on ECN accounts.

#### Slippage

The variation between the trader’s expected price and the executed price offered by the broker is referred to as slippage. Its cost varies on the volatility of the market and the broker’s implementation speed.

The trading range is represented in a tabular form to understand the pip movement of a currency pair in different timeframes. These values help us determine the profit, which will be generated from trade. To obtain the worth, you will need to multiply the below pip value with the volatility value.

#### Procedure to assess Pip Ranges

2. Set the period to 1
3. Add a 200-period SMA to this indicator
4. Shrink the chart so you can assess a large time period
6. Measure the floor level and set this value as the min
7. Measure the level of the 200-period SMA and set this as the average
8. Measure the peak levels and set this as Max.

#### CHF/CNY Cost as a Percent of the Trading Range

We can ascertain the cost variations in trade by implementing the total cost to the below-mentioned table. The values are achieved by identifying the proportion between total cost and volatility value, and they are represented in the form of a percentage.

#### ECN Model Account

Total cost = Slippage + Spread + Trading Fee = 5 + 19 + 8 = 32

#### STP Model Account

Spread = 24 | Slippage = 5 | Trading fee = 0

Total cost = Slippage + Spread + Trading Fee = 5 + 24 + 0 = 29

#### The Ideal way to trade the CHF/CNY

Understanding the above table is very simple. The proportion of the total cost of trade is directly relative to the value. It is seen that the rates are approximately high on the minimum section and the other way around. The perfect time to enter the market might be where CHF/CNY’s volatility is between the average pip movement.

To lower your risk, it is recommended to trade when the volatility is near the minimum levels. In this case, the volatility is low, and the costs are marginally high compared to the average and the max values. But, if your primary worry is on lowering costs, you may trade when the market volatility is close to the maximum values.

Trading in such timeframes will assure low expenses just as smaller liquidity. It will also include fewer costs by placing orders using limit/pending orders instead of market orders. This will substantially reduce the total cost with slippage being zero.

#### STP Model Account (Using Limit Orders)

Spread = 24 | Slippage = 0 | Trading fee = 0

Total cost = Slippage + Spread + Trading Fee = 0 + 24 + 0 = 24

I hope this article will aid you to trade this pair in a much efficient way. Cheers!

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## AUD/HRK – Analyzing The Costs Involved While Trading This Exotic Pair

#### Introduction

The abbreviation of AUD/HRK is Australian Dollar, paired with the Croatian Kuna. Here AUD is the official currency of Australia and is also the fifth most traded currency in the Foreign Exchange market. In contrast, HRK stands for the Kuna, and it is the official currency of Croatia. The Croatian National Bank issues this currency.

#### Understanding AUD/HRK

In the Forex market, to determine the relative value of one currency, we need another currency to compare. Here, when we buy a currency, which is known as the base currency and simultaneously sell the quote currency. The market value of AUD/HRK helps us to understand the strength of HRK against the AUD. So if the exchange rate for the pair AUD/HRK is 4.5571, it means to buy 1 AUD, we need 4.5571 HRK.

A spread is defined as the difference between the purchasing & selling price of a Forex pair. In simple words, it is the difference between the bid price and the ask price of an asset. Below is the spread charges for ECN and STP brokers for AUD/HRK pair.

ECN: 40 pips | STP: 43 pips

#### Fees

A Fee is the charges that we traders pay to the broker for executing a trade. Fees to a much depend on the type of broker(STP/ECN) we use.

#### Slippage

When we want to execute a trade at a particular market rate, but instead, the trade gets executed at a different rate, and that is because of the slippage. Slippage occurs when we counter a volatile market, and when we execute a large order at the same time.

The trading range here will determine the amount of money we will win or lose in a given amount of time. In the below table, we have the representation of the minimum, average, and maximum pip movement in a currency pair. Here we will use the ATR indicator that indicates the price movement in a currency pair. We will evaluate it merely by using it with 200-period SMA.

#### Procedure to assess Pip Ranges

2. Set the period to 1
3. Add a 200-period SMA to this indicator
4. Shrink the chart so you can assess a significant period
6. Measure the floor level and set this value as the min
7. Measure the level of the 200-period SMA and set this as the average
8. Measure the peak levels and set this as Max.

#### AUD/HRKCost as a Percent of the Trading Range

The cost of trade depends on the broker type and varies based on the volatility of the market. The overall cost of trade includes spread, fees, and sometimes slippage if the volatility is more. To decrease the cost of the trade, we can use limit orders instead of market execution.

#### ECN Model Account

Total cost = Slippage + Spread + Trading Fee = 3 + 40 + 5 = 48

#### STP Model Account

Total cost = Slippage + Spread + Trading Fee = 3 + 43 + 0 = 46

AUD/HRK is an exotic currency pair. As we can see, the average pip movement in 1hr is 133, which implies higher volatility. The higher the volatility, the higher is the risk and lower is the cost of the trade and vice versa. Taking an example, we can see from the trading range that when the pip movement is lower, the charge is high, and when the pip movement is high, the charge is low.

To reduce our costs of trade, we may place trades using limit orders instead of market orders. In the below table, we will see the representation of the cost percentages when limit orders are used. As we can see, the cost of slippage is zero. In doing so, the slippage will not be included in the calculation of the total costs. And this will help us in reducing the trading cost by a considerable margin. An example of the same is given below.

#### ECN Model Account (Using Limit Orders)

Total cost = Slippage + Spread + Trading Fee = 0 + 40 + 5 = 45

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#### Introduction

The abbreviation of AUD/NOK is the Australian Dollar and the Norwegian Krone. AUD is the official currency of Australia and many others like Christmas Island, Cocos Islands, and Norfolk Island. This currency is also proven to be the fifth most traded currency in the Forex market right after USD, EURO, JPY, and GBP. Whereas the NOK stands for Norwegian Krone, and it is the official currency of Norway and its dependent territories.

#### Understanding AUD/NOK

In the Forex, Currency pairs are the national currencies from two countries coupled for being exchanged in reference to each other. The first currency here is the base currency, and the second currency is the quote currency. Here, the market value of AUD/NOK helps us to understand the strength of NOK against the AUD. So if the value for the pair AUD/NOK is 6.5921, it means we need 6.5921 NOK to buy 1 AUD.

All Forex brokers have two different prices for currency pairs: selling price and buying price, and they are known as bid and ask price. Spread is the difference between the selling price and the buying price. Below is the spread for ECN and STP brokers for the AUD/NOK pair.

ECN: 50 pips | STP: 53 pips

#### Fees & Slippage

A Fee in Forex is the commission we need to pay to the broker for executing a particular position. If we subtract the trader’s expected price with the actual price at which the trade is executed, we get the Slippage. It occurs when the volatility of the currency pair is high. It may also occur when a large number of orders are placed at the same time.

Volatility is a basic measure of risk every trader should be well aware of before entering the market. Whether we have a profit or loss in a given time period relies on the pip movement of that currency pair. This can be assessed using the trading range table. The trading range here represents the minimum, average, and maximum movement of the pip in AUD/NOK.

#### Procedure to assess Pip Ranges

2. Set the period to 1
3. Add a 200-period SMA to this indicator
4. Shrink the chart so you can assess a significant period
6. Measure the floor level and set this value as the min
7. Measure the level of the 200-period SMA and set this as the average
8. Measure the peak levels and set this as Max.

#### AUD/NOK Cost as a Percent of the Trading Range

We must be aware of the over cost we will pay to trade a currency pair. The cost of trading a currency pair depends mostly on the volatility and also the broker, which we use. The overall cost here involves spread, slippage, and the trading fee. Below we will see the calculation of the cost variation in terms of percentages.

#### ECN Model Account

Total cost = Slippage + Spread + Trading Fee = 3 + 50 + 5 = 58

#### STP Model Account

Spread = 53 | Slippage = 3 | Trading fee = 0

Total cost = Slippage + Spread + Trading Fee = 3 + 53 + 0 = 56

We are much aware of major and minor currency pairs, but there are few currencies that are less traded in the foreign exchange market. These currencies are called exotic-cross currency pairs. AUD/NOK is one such exotic pairs. As we see in the trading range chart, the average pip movement of AUD/NOK is 205, and by this, we can conclude that AUD/NOK is a volatile market.

To have a better understanding of the volatility, we will try to understand this with the help of an example. In the 1H time frame, the average pip movement is 205, and the cost percentage is 28.29%. Where in the minimum pip movement in 1hr is 81 and trading, it will cost us 71.60%.

This shows us that higher the volatility lesser is the cost of a trade. But trading in a volatile market involves risk as the movement of the pips is very fast. However, we can trade a volatile market if we follow proper money management rules.

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## Understanding The USD/HKD Exotic Forex Pair

#### introduction

USDHKD is the abbreviation for the US dollar and the Hong Kong dollar. The USDHKD is an exotic currency pair. Exotics are pairs that are thinly traded in the foreign exchange markets and are not widely used in the global markets. One can expect high volatility and low volumes on this pair. Here, USD is referred to as base currency and HKD as the quote currency.

#### Understanding USD/HKD

The value of USDHKD represents the value of the Hong Kong dollar that is equivalent to one US dollar. It is quoted as 1USD per X HKD. For example, if the market price of USDHKD is 7.7684, then these many units of HKD are required to purchase one USD.

Spread is the difference between the bid price and the ask price of a currency pair. This value is set by the brokers, and it varies from different brokers. The type of execution model brings a variation in the spreads.

ECN: 5 | STP: 9

#### Fees

When you execute any trade through your brokers, there is a fee that has to be paid. The fee differs from brokers to brokers, as well as their execution type. Typically, there is no fee on STP accounts.

#### Slippage

Slippage is the difference between the trader’s intended price to execute a trade and the price he actually received from the broker. There is always this difference due to the volatility of the market and the broker’s execution speed. As a matter of fact, slippage is pretty high on exotic pairs.

The trading range is the depiction of the minimum, average, and maximum pip movement of a currency pair. And these values help in assessing one’s risk on a trade. By finding the product of the volatility value with the pip valueyou can determine the profit or loss that can be incurred in a specified timeframe.

#### Procedure to assess Pip Ranges

2. Set the period to 1
3. Add a 200-period SMA to this indicator
4. Shrink the chart so you can determine a large time period
6. Measure the floor level and set this value as the min
7. Measure the level of the 200-period SMA and set this as the average
8. Measure the peak levels and set this as Max.

#### USD/HKD Cost as a Percent of the Trading Range

This calculation is an extremely helpful tool to analyze the cost variations in a trade. This table is basically a representation of the total cost variations in different timeframes and volatilities of the market. The costs are represented as a percentage of the range, and the magnitude of it depicts the cost of the trade.

#### ECN Model Account

Total cost = Slippage + Spread + Trading Fee = 5 + 5 + 1 = 11

#### STP Model Account

Spread = 9 | Slippage = 5 | Trading fee = 0

Total cost = Slippage + Spread + Trading Fee = 9 + 5 + 0 = 14

#### The Ideal way to trade the USD/HKD

Exotic pairs are expensive to trade when compared to major and minor currency pairs. However, it does not mean that one must completely avoid it. There are a few ways by which one can minimize the costs on the trade and take positions on it.

The higher the magnitude of the percentage, the higher is the cost of the trade. It is evident that the values are significant on the min column and comparatively small on the max column. Hence, costs are high for low volatilities markets and vice versa.

When it comes to picking the right time to enter the market, it is ideal to take positions when the volatility of the market is around the average values. From this, one can be guaranteed with affordable costs and decent volatility.

Slippage has a significant weight on the total cost of a trade. However, slippage can be wiped out. Trading using limit orders instead of market orders will take away the slippage on the trade. The next table displays the costs using limit orders.