Forex Assets

Asset Analysis – Trading The CHF/BRL Exotic Forex Pair


The abbreviation of CHF/BLR is Swiss Franc, paired with the Brazilian Real. In this pair, CHF is the native currency of Switzerland and is also the fifth vastly traded currency in the Forex market. Likewise, BRL stands for the Brazilian Real, and it is the official currency of Brazil. This is classified as an exotic Forex pair.

Understanding CHF/BRL

In the Forex market, to ascertain the relative value of one currency, we need another currency for comparison. When we buy a currency (recognized as the base currency), we are indirectly selling another currency (known as the quote currency). The market value of CHF/BRL helps us to comprehend the power of BRL against the CHF. So, if the trade rate for the pair CHF/BRL is 5.7715, it means to buy 1 CHF, we need 5.7715 BRL.

CHF/BRL Specification


Spread is the difference among the bid-ask price that is set at the exchanges. Below are the spread values of the CHF/BRL currency pair in both ECN & STP accounts. The spread charges for ECN and STP brokers for CHF/BRL pair are as follows:

ECN: 24 | STP: 29


For every spot, a trader enters the stockbroker charges a specific fee for it. Traders must know that this fee is charged only on ECN accounts and does not apply to STP accounts.


Slippage is the price distinction between the broker executed price and the trader execution price. The difference is caused due to the market’s high volatility and slow execution speed.

Trading Range in CHF/BRL

A trading range is the explanation of the volatility in CHF/BRL in numerous timeframes. The values are attained from the Average True Range indicator. One can use the table as a risk management tool to distinguish the profit/loss that a trader is possessed.

Below is a table indicating the minimum, average, and max pip movement in several timeframes.

Procedure to assess Pip Ranges

  1. Add the ATR indicator to your chart
  2. Set the period to 1
  3. Add a 200-period SMA to this indicator
  4. Shrink the chart so you can assess a large time period
  5. Select your desired timeframe
  6. Measure the floor level and set this value as the min
  7. Measure the level of the 200-period SMA and set this as the average
  8. Measure the peak levels and set this as Max.

CHF/BRL Cost as a Percent of the Trading Range

The total cost of the trade changes based on the volatility of the market, hence we must number out the occasions when the costs are less to place ourselves in the market. The table below displays the variation in the costs based on the change in the market’s volatility.

Note: The ratio represents the relative scale of costs and not the fixed costs on the trade.

ECN Model Account

Spread = 24 | Slippage = 5 | Trading fee = 8

Total cost = Slippage + Spread + Trading Fee = 5 + 24 + 8= 37

STP Model Account

Spread = 29 | Slippage = 5 | Trading fee = 0

Total cost = Slippage + Spread + Trading Fee = 5 + 29 + 0 = 34

The Ideal way to trade the CHF/BRL

With the help of the above tables, let us assess these two factors to the trade the CHF/BRL. Volatility and cost are two elements a trader must consider for trading any security in the Forex market.

In various timeframes, we can see the pip movement being very high between the minimum volatility and the average volatility. As a day trader, the aim is to make profits from the pip variation in the market. It becomes tricky to extract some profits from the market if there are no variations in the pip value.

When the cost goes higher, the volatility of the market decreases. In other words, the market with high volatility have minimal costs. To strike a balance between the volatility and the cost, traders should find an appropriate time when the volatility is close to the average values or slightly about it.

Additionally, traders can also reduce their total costs by placing ‘limit orders’ instead of ‘market orders.’ This will ultimately cut the slippage on the trade and consequently lower the total cost. In the below example, the total cost would decrease by five pips, which is a modest reduction for just altering the type of order execution.

STP Model Account (With Limit Orders)

Total cost = Slippage + Spread + Trading Fee = 0 + 29 + 0 = 29

Forex Assets

Trading The ‘GBP/BRL’ Exotic Pair & Comprehending The Costs Involved


GBP/BRL is the abbreviation for the Pound sterling against the Brazilian real. As we know, GBP is the official currency of the United Kingdom, Jersey, Guernsey, and others, whereas BRL is the official currency of Brazil. In Forex trading, currencies are always traded in pairs. The primary currency in the pair is known as the base currency, while the second one is the quote currency.

Understanding GBP/BRL

To find the relative value of one currency, we compare that with another currency in the Forex market. The market value of GBP/BRL helps us to understand the strength of BRL against the GBP. If the exchange rate of the pair GBP/BRL is 6.5415. It means that to buy 1 GBP, we need 6.5415 BRL.


Forex brokers have two prices for currency pairs. They are the bid and ask prices. The difference between this bid and the ask prices is known as the spread, and this is how Forex brokers profit for the services they provide. Some brokers include the costs in the buy and sell prices of the currency pairs instead of charging spreads. Below are the ECN and STP spread values for the pair GBP/BRL.

ECN: 41 pips | STP: 44 pips


A Fee is a commission we pay to the broker for executing our trades. It differs for different types of brokers. For instance, there is no fee charged by the STP brokers, but for ECN accounts, a few pips are charged a fee.


It is the difference between the expected price and the price at which the trade gets executed. Slippage can occur at any time, but it mostly happens when the market is highly volatile.

Trading Range in GBP/BRL

Being aware of the volatility of a particular currency pair before placing the trade is very important for every aspiring trader. The trading range here is useful to measure the volatility of the GBP/BRL pair. The amount of money we will win or lose in a given amount of time can be assessed using the below trading range table.

Procedure to assess Pip Ranges

  1. Add the Average True Range indicator on your price chart
  2. Then, set the period to one
  3. Add a 200-period Simple Moving Average to the ATR indicator
  4. Shrink the chart to assess a significant period
  5. Select the desired timeframe
  6. Measure the floor level and set this value as the minimum
  7. Measure the level of the 200-period SMA and set this as the average
  8. Measure the peak levels and set this as Max.

GBP/BRL Cost as a Percent of the Trading Range

The cost of trade depends on the broker type and varies based on market volatility. The total cost of trade involves spreads and slippage apart from the trading fee.

ECN Model Account

Spread = 41 | Slippage = 3 |Trading fee = 5

Total cost = Slippage + Spread + Trading Fee = 3 + 41 + 5 = 49

STP Model Account

Spread = 44| Slippage = 3 | Trading fee = 0

Total cost = Slippage + Spread + Trading Fee = 3 + 44 + 0 = 47

Trading the GBP/BRL

There are a few currencies that are hardly traded in the foreign exchange market. These currencies are called exotic-cross currency pairs, and the GBP/BRL is one such exotic pair.

These pairs have less market depth, less volume, and are also illiquid. GBP/BRL is a trending market. Further, the average pip movement on the 1H timeframe is 198 pips, which is considered to be volatile. Higher the volatility, lower is the cost on a trade. However, this should not be considered an advantage as it is risky to trade in highly volatile markets.

Let’s take, for example, in the 4H time frame. The Maximum pip range value is 816, and the minimum is 102. When the comparison of the fees for both the pip movements is made, we find that for 102pip movement, fess is 46.08%. But for the 816pip movement, fess is only 5.76%.

So, we can confirm that the prices are higher for low volatile markets and low for highly volatile markets. We recommend trading when the volatility is around the average values. Experienced traders who strictly follow money management can trade in a highly volatile market.

Forex Fundamental Analysis

How ‘Government Debt to GDP Ratio’ Impacts The Forex Market


Government Debt to GDP is one of the main indicators which points towards the current health of an economy and its probable future monetary prospects. For a long time, analysts have used Government Debt to GDP ratio as one of the reliable indicators in ascertaining a country’s economic health and its resultant country’s currency worth.

What is the Government debt-to-GDP ratio?

The debt-to-GDP is the proportion of a country’s total public debt to its GDP (Gross Domestic Product). In simpler words, it is the ratio of what a country owes to what a country earns. The debt-to-GDP ratio of a country compares its sovereign money owed to its total economic output for the year. Here the output is measured by gross domestic product.

Why is the Government debt-to-GDP ratio important?

When we contrast what a nation owes against what it outputs, the debt-to-GDP ratio assuredly indicates a nation’s potential to repay its dues. The Government debt to GDP in many places is conveyed as a percentage. This ratio can also mean the time required by a nation to repay and close off the owed sum where we assume if GDP is entirety used for its debt repayment.

The Government debt-to-GDP ratio is a beneficial indicator for analysts, economists, investors, and leaders. It enables them to ascertain a country’s potential to repay its owed debt. An excessive debt to GDP ratio tells that the country isn’t generating enough output to be able to repay its debt. A small ratio means there is enough income to pay off the interest on its debt.

To elaborate in layman terms, consider this analogy where a nation is like an employee, and GDP is like his/her income. Financial Institutions will be willing to give a bigger loan if they earn a higher salary. In the same way, investors would come forward to take on a country’s debt if it generates more revenue.

If investors start to lose confidence in repayment by a country, they will tend to expect a higher return in the interest rate for their lent money for the higher defaulting risk. That results in the rise of the country’s cost of debt. It means the debt itself becomes more expensive in the sense that more money goes on in just paying interests only. Such situations can quickly become a financial crisis and thereby resulting in depreciation on their credit score. That will, in turn, impact their money lending capacity and credibility in the future.

How can Government debt-to-GDP ratio be Used for Analysis?

If a Government has spent more in the past than they have received in tax revenues, it means they are injecting more money into the economy than they are withdrawing and vice versa. In general, injections are inflationary and withdrawals deflationary. The higher the percentage of Debt to GDP a Government has, the more they have to spend to maintain inflation or GDP growth or risk defaulting on their debt.

As the debt to GDP ratio increases, Economic growth becomes more dependent on Public Spending. If the Government decides to cut public spending, then this would mean if all things being equal, reduce the debt to GDP ratio and be deflationary. The thing we need to notice here is that a higher debt to GDP ratio means there is more pressure to inflate. The only choices are to deflate (which is not desirable), default on the debt (not desirable), or to inflate further.

Historically 80% level of debt to GDP is usually seen as the trouble zone. The default zone is above 100%, where it means that what country earns is less than what country owes. Interest rate suppression is necessary to keep interest bill on Government debt to a minimum. At levels of 100%+ Debt to GDP Ratio, Governments have no choice but to continue to inflate further.

Impact on Currency

If a country’s debt-to-GDP ratio increases, it often points towards an oncoming recessionary period. When a country’s GDP decelerates during a contraction, it causes federal revenue, in the form of taxes and federal receipts, etc., declining.  This results in currency depreciation. In this type of situation, generally, the government tends to increase its public spending to spur growth in the economy. If this spending produces the desired effect, the recession will waive off. Taxes and federal revenues will again increase, and the debt-to-GDP ratio should accordingly return to normal.

When the entire world’s economy keeps on improving, investors will tolerate a higher exposure on their lent money because they seek higher returns. The returns on U.S. debt will increase as requests for U.S. Debt depreciates. If a particular country’s interest rate returns are higher than usual, we also need to keep in mind the fact that the probable reason for such high rates are either because the nation is already in a lot of debt, so it is very likely to default, and it certainly is in less demand in the market.

The country has to give out larger sums of interest to get them to purchase its bonds and lend their money to the Government. Hence, Investors generally choose developed nations or nations with a proven track record of repayment. In general, a decrease in the Debt to GDP number indicates a growing economy, which ultimately results in strengthening the currency.

Economic Reports

To calculate the debt-to-GDP ratio, we have to know mainly two things: the country’s current owed sum and the country’s generated revenue, i.e., its real Gross Domestic Product. This data is publicly available, and it is released quarterly. The majority of economic analysts, professional traders, look at total overall debt, but some institutions, like the CIA, only consider the total public debt to publish in their publishes.

Sources of Government Debt to GDP

The Research Division of St. Louis FRED is in the top 1% of all economics research departments worldwide. St. Louis Fed publications provide analysis, information, and instruction for the journalists, the general public, and students. These outlets allow us to effectively address economic trends, explore historical trends, and current data for economic policy.

For the United States, we can get a comprehensive analysis of Federal Debt, Total Public Debt, and Total Public Debt as a Percentage of Gross Domestic Product, Federal Surplus or Deficit. All of these details with illustrative historical analysis and many more subcategories of the same can be found in the St. Louis website.

Inflation Rates of some of the major economies can be found below.

United Kingdom | Australia United States | Switzerland | Euro Area | Canada | Japan 

How ‘Government Debt to GDP Ratio’ News Release Affects The Price Charts?

After understanding the Government Debt to GDP economic indicator, we will now see how a currency is affected after the news announcement is made. To understand the effect, we have chosen ‘Brazilian Real’ as the reference currency, as the data available is appropriate for analyzing the impact made by the news.

The Debt-to-GDP ratio data has the least importance and does not cause much volatility in the currency pair after the news release. This is the reason why most countries do not announce the data every month and review the GDP ratio on a yearly basis. But Brazil is one country where the government releases the data on a monthly basis. Let us analyze the lastest Debt to GDP ratio of Brazil.

The Debt to GDP ratio of Brazil is released by the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE), which is the official agency responsible for the collection of various information about Brazil. We see that the Debt to GDP ratio was reduced by a mere 1.5% from the previous January’s ratio. Let us find out how the market reacted to this.

Note: The ‘Brazilian Real’ is an ’emerging currency’ which is not traded in high volumes and hence can appear to be illiquid at times.

USD/BRL | Before The Announcement - (Feb 28th, 2020)

In USD/BRL, the market before the news announcement is in an uptrend showing the weakness of the ‘Brazilian Real.’ The price, just before the data is about to release, has broken the moving average line, which could be a sign of reversal. As we mentioned in the previous section of the article, lower than expected reading is taken as positive for the currency and should strengthen the currency.

Hence if the data is much lower than 55.7%, we can take a ‘short’ trade and expect a trend reversal. In this case, we will also have a confirmation from the MA. Whereas if the data is maintained around the previous reading or increased, it is bad for the currency, and we need to wait for some trend continuation signs to join the uptrend.

USD/BRL | After The Announcement - (Feb 28th, 2020)

After the news announcement is made, traders see that there was not much change in the Debt to GDP ratio, where was it was reduced by just 1.5%. This is the reason why USD/BRL did not collapse, which would strengthen the ‘Brazilian Real.’ The price did go down for a while but later created a spike on the bottom and closed above the opening price.

This spike could be a sign of trend continuation, and one can go ‘long’ in the market with a stop loss below the ‘low’ of the spike and targeting the recent high. We are essentially taking advantage of the increase in volatility after the news announcement.

EUR/BRL | Before The Announcement - (Feb 28th, 2020)

EUR/BRL | After The Announcement - (Feb 28th, 2020)

The EUR/BRL currency pair shows similar characteristics as that of the USD/BRL pair but with a major difference that the price remains below the moving average most of the time. Even though a wonderful rejection is seen at the time of news announcement, it is advised to go ‘long’ in this pair with a smaller position size and taking profit at the earliest. The debt to GDP ratio was not reduced much to create an impact on the pair, which can be seen from the ranging nature of the market after the news release.

GBP/BRL | Before The Announcement - (Feb 28th, 2020)

GBP/BRL | After The Announcement - (Feb 28th, 2020)

In the above chart, we can see that the currency pair is already in a downtrend, showing the strength of the ‘Brazilian Real.’ Since the pair is in a strong downtrend, not so good news for the Brazilian Real would mean no reversal of the current trend. However, this currency pair could prove to be the best pair for trading among all other pairs if the news outcome is positive for the Brazilian Real as we will be trading with the trend.

After the news announcement is made, the market barely goes above the moving average, which means going ‘long’ in this pair can be very risky. Therefore, the only way to trade in such scenarios is when the news outcome is positive for the currency pair on the right-hand side and profit on the downside.

That’s about Government Debt To GDP Ratio and its impact on some of the Forex currency pairs. In case of any queries, let us know in the comments below. Cheers.