GDP from Manufacturing is significant for many developing economies. It is their primary driver for economic growth to improve the standard of living and generate wealth. Manufacturing Sector has supported a large share of jobs in the economy.
Manufacturing Sector has helped many economies to come out of underdeveloped status to developing nation status. Hence, understanding GDP from Manufacturing has varying significance in different countries is suitable for macroeconomic view in the international markets.
What is the GDP from Manufacturing?
Gross Domestic Product
GDP is a basic measure of a country’s total economic output. It is the total monetary value of all the goods and services produced within the country regardless of citizenship (resident or foreign national).
It is the market value of all the finished goods and services within a nation’s geographical borders for a given period. The period is generally a quarter (3 months) or a year. The commonly used term “size of the economy” refers to this economic indicator. The USA has the world’s largest economy, and it means it has the highest nominal GDP or highest economic output.
It is producing goods for use or sale labor, processing equipment, or machinery. It is a process that could be physical, chemical, or mechanical. The manufacturing sector mainly uses raw materials to make finished goods for consumption by end customers or intermediate goods for other manufacturing industries. For example, a car Manufacturing company could import raw iron ore metal, and process it to produce metal car body parts.
In the lifecycle of a finished good, the Manufacturing comes in as the second stage in the supply chain right after the source of raw materials. The manufacturing sector includes plants, factories, mills, and generally use power-driven machinery in their process. The manufacturing sector can also include small businesses, or home startups like bakeries, candy stores, or custom tailors, etc.
How can the GDP from Manufacturing numbers be used for analysis?
Manufacturing is an essential component of GDP. In the United States, it contributed 11.6% of total GDP. Manufactured products make up half of the total United States exports. In the United States alone, the Manufacturing Sector has 12.85 million jobs, about 8.5% of the total workforce. The importance of the Manufacturing Sector is evident from the rapidly developing economies like China, Japan, and India.
The industrialization has been the main propellent for economic growth in these countries that put them back on the map. With export-led growth, China has primarily used Manufacturing Sectors to achieve growth rates of 10% and above to catch up with the advanced economies like the United Kingdom, and the United States. Manufacturing Sector is a labor-intensive sector, and it requires skilled labor. Despite the advent of modern technologies, equipment, and automated machinery, it still requires skilled laborers to fill the gaps.
Developing economies do not have a competitive edge over the developed economies in the services sector. But they do have the advantage in the Manufacturing and Industrial Sectors due to the availability of cheap labor. The low costs associated with a low standard of living and maintenance attracts business to establish their production centers in such countries. For example, an autoworker in Detroit makes 58 dollars an hour compared to 8 dollars in Mexico.
With an improved standard of living in developed economies like the United States, the cost of labor is high in comparison. It is the primary reason for the decline in the Manufacturing Sector growth in the developed economies for over two decades, paired with rapid growth in developing economies during the same period.
With many developed economies transitioning more into the services sector, the Manufacturing Sector has lost its fair share in developed economies while developing ones like China have significantly increased their Manufacturing Industry production levels.
About Thirty percent of the GDP of China comes from the Manufacturing Sector alone. Hence, we can understand that the Manufacturing Sector is the primary source of growth for many developing countries. The above plot shows the increase in Manufacturing Production in China. It is steady and steep growth. The vertical axis is plotted in CNY HML (Chinese Yuan Hundred Millions).
As the countries develop, they start to get involved in the Service sector by investing the wealth generated from the Manufacturing Sector to come on par with developed economies and establish a total equilibrium. But there is a long way to go before all developing economies become developed.
Impact on Currency
The GDP from Manufacturing in itself is not a high impact indicator, as the broader measures like Real GDP and GDP Growth Rates are more important for the Currency Markets. GDP from Manufacturing does not paint the full picture of the economy. It can be an essential tool for the Central Authorities to keep track of Manufacturing Sector performance and its implications to the economy.
As established, the Manufacturing Sector is a significant contributor to economic growth for developing economies. Hence, changes in this sector widely affect the overall economic health, and all the dependent industries therein. It is a proportional and lagging indicator. Higher GDP from Manufacturing is good for the economy and its currency, and vice-versa.
For the United States, the Bureau of Economic Analysis releases quarterly GDP figures on its official website every quarter. The release schedule is already mentioned on the website and is generally released one month after the quarter ends.
In the full report, we can extract the GDP from Manufacturing figures. We can also go through GDP by Industry to get the Manufacturing Industry performance in the report. The World Bank actively maintains track of GDP by Sector figures of most countries on its official website.
Sources of GDP from Manufacturing
For the United States, the BEA reports are available below:
World Bank also maintains the Manufacturing Sector’s contribution as a percentage of GDP on its official website, as given below for reference. ‘GDP From Manufacturing’ of various economies can be found here.
Impact of the ‘GDP from Manufacturing’ news release on the price charts
The manufacturing sector is crucial for the development of a country. The growth of machinery output and technological improvements are the main drivers of economic growth. The service sector, too, is dependent on most of the manufactured goods. Manufacturing also revives the economy by creating tens of millions of new jobs, eradicating recession.
Therefore, the manufacturing sector contributes a significant part of the GDP of a country. When we drill down to the fundamental analysis of the currency, investors do not look at the manufacturing sector’s contribution alone but consider the distinct GDP as the leading indicator of economic growth.
For example, we will be analyzing the influence of GDP on various currency pairs and see the impact it makes on the value of a currency. The below image displays the previous and latest GDP in the United Kingdom released in May, where we see a significant drop in the GDP compared to the previous month. Let us find out if the market reacts positively or negatively to the news release.
GBP/USD | Before the announcement:
We shall start our analysis with the GBP/USD currency pair, where the above image shows the properties of the pair before the news announcement. We can see in the above image that the market is in a downtrend, and recently the price has been moving within a ‘range.’ Since the GDP announcement is a high impact event, we should wait for the news release to clarify the direction of the market.
GBP/USD | After the announcement:
After the news announcement, we witness a slight amount of volatility in the currency pair where the price initially goes up, and later it closes with a wick on the top. We do not observe the kind of impact that was expected due to the news release may be because the market had already priced in a negative outlook. Since the impact was less, we should look to trade the currency pair based on technical indicators and chart patterns.
GBP/CAD | Before the announcement:
GBP/CAD | After the announcement:
The above images represent the GBP/CAD currency pair, where we see in the first image that the market seems to be resuming the downtrend after a price retracement to the resistance. Given that the impact of GDP announcement is high, we will look to take a ‘short’ only after confirmation from the market. There is a probability that the market may turn to the upside from this point if the news comes out to be positive for the British Pound.
After the news announcement, we see that the price rises above the moving average, and it closes with some bullishness. Even though the GDP data was fragile, traders bought British Pound and strengthened the currency. One of the reasons could be that the market has factored in the negative expectations, which led to a positive reaction after the news release. One should analyze the pair technically before taking a position in the currency.
EUR/GBP | Before the announcement:
EUR/GBP | After the announcement:
The above images are of the NZD/GBP currency pair, where we see that the market is in a steady uptrend before the news announcement, signifying the enormous amount of weakness in the British Pound. Ideally, we will be looking to buy the currency pair after a suitable price retracement to the ‘support’ or ‘demand’ area. By the way, we should also not forget that the news release can reverse the trend.
After the news announcement, we see that the market reacts negatively to the news release but positive for the British Pound since it is on the right-hand side of the currency. The volatility slightly increases to the downside, which is evident from bearish ‘news candle.’
That’s about ‘GDP from Manufacturing’ and its influence on the Forex market after its news release. If you have any questions, please let us know in the comments below. Good luck!