Home Forex Forex Market Analysis Bullish Economy at a Crossroad: Free Trade against Protectionism

Bullish Economy at a Crossroad: Free Trade against Protectionism

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Underlying Events


Last week’s volatility was fueled early Monday by Italy’s political instability as Italian president Sergio Mattarella refused to appoint Giuseppe Conte, a Eurosceptic, as Finance Minister even though he has the backing of the majority of the parliament.

Then, on May 30, as fears about Italy eased the markets focused its attention on EU officials statements against the US imposed tariffs on steel and aluminium.

“The US is playing a dangerous game by slapping tariffs on European steel and aluminium,” said Cecilia Malmstrom, warning about the consequences for economic recovery on the EU as well as US industry. (source BBC)

 


 Last week’s Economic Calendar was full of interesting releases


 

US

May’s US Consumer Confidence figure is at its historic highs, at its estimated 128.0 level, non-farm unemployment is at 3.8%, and US GDP (QoQ) grew at 2.2% a tick below estimations, while US Advance Goods Trade Balance was below expectations at -68.2b.

On the consumer front, May 31 brought us the US PCE Core (YoY) that is stable at 1.8%, the Personal Income (APR) stable at 0.3%, and Pending Home Sales (MoM) below expectations at -1.3%, below the expected 0.4%.

On the Energy Front, crude oil inventories were -3620K well below the expected 450k, while the gasoline inventories were 634K, above the expected -1200K

Finally, the USD Manufacturing figures were a bit above expectations, at 58.7 over 58.2 expected.

Eurozone

German retail sales on April (MoM)grew 2.3% well above the expected 0.5% although the yearly figure fell to 1.2% growth, below the expected 1.6%.

On the unemployment front, Germany’s May unemployment change was -11K above the expectations, and the unemployment Claims rate dropped one centile to 5.2%.

Britain’s consumer credit grew to 1.84B, above the expected 1.3B, while the mortgage approvals slightly descended to 62.5K, below the expected 63.2K

Swiss’s main figure this week was its Gross Domestic Product (YoY) for the first quarter at 2.2%, slightly below the expected 2.3%.

Japan:

JPY retail trade (YoY) grew 1.6%, above the expected 1%, while JPY retail sales figure was down -0.8% below the expected 0.2%. Also, JPY industrial production for April was up 2.5%, below the expected 3.6%.

Canada:

Last week BoC kept its interest rate unchanged at 1.25%, as was expected. However, its GDP figure for the first quarter was a disappointing annualised 1.3%, below the expected 1.8%

The overall picture of this economic background is that of a strong US economy, a not so strong Eurozone, and a possible weakening of the Canadian economy. This is especially sensitive as both Europe and Canada have a potential tariffs war against the USA. We also see weakened Japanese industrial production.

All this make us think on the continuation of the strength of the US Dollar and a further weakening scenario for the Euro, the Pound, and the Yen.


Next Week


 

G7

Next week lacks major economic reports and no earnings news, so markets will possibly pay attention to political developments that will fill the headlines, such as President Trump’s trade wars, or the G7 summit by the end of the week in Canada. Mr Trump is expected to arrive on Friday and meet leaders from Germany, UK, France, Italy, and Japan. A statement of the other six members of the group showed their “unanimous concern” about US tariffs.

 

US Trade Data.

To be released on Wednesday (14:30 GMT+2). The forecasted deficit is 50.0 B from 49B in March.

 

China Trade Figures:

To be released in the early hours of Friday. The expectations are for an increase of the surplus figures to $32.5B, higher than last month’s $28.8 B.

It is expected that exports will grow by 6.3% and imports to rise 16%.

 

RBA Policy meeting:

Due on Tuesday early morning, it will likely keep its rates unchanged at 1.5%.

We should also pay attention to the New Zealand GDP release early Wednesday.

 


Technical Analysis


S&P 500

The S&P 500 behave very bullishly on a weekly basis, although it suffered some drawbacks during the week. Technically the price moves inside a very steep upward channel, but right now it is close to a resistance area that matches the opening of a large red candle drawn in March. We need to watch how the price reacts here. If it is crossed next week we see a free path to head for January highs, mid-term.


 

Ehlers Adaptive Moving Average MAMA and cycle indicator show a bullish momentum is developing. The only black cloud in the sky is that the price is facing a strong resistance area.


 

DAX

The weekly chart shows that the DAX and the Euro-zone are not confident of its economic outlook.  The Index has drawn two consecutive bearish candles and we see that it shows descending lows. Its Cycle Indicator also points to the downside.

We have to pay attention next week to the US index because the DAX is correlated to it, but if we only pay attention to the technical outlook, we are more in the side of the bearish scenario.


The daily chart doesn’t change its outlook. We see that the price broke the triangular formation to the downside and tested it three times last week without being able to break it. Last Friday, although the session closed with gains, the inside candle drawn shows indecision and doubt. The most probable scenario is for the DAX to head down to test the support at 12378 level.


 

US Dollar Index

The US Dollar Index weekly chart shows a Spinning Top candle, while Ehlers’ Cycle indicator has changed to bearish. This may indicate that last week’s correction isn’t finished yet and we may look for a test of the Fibo 0.38 or, even to a 50% retracement, although this is less probable.


 

The Dollar Index daily chart’s engulfing candle that happened on May 29 has been challenged but not successfully. The Cycle indicator also points to the bearish side. Therefore our expectation is for more drops next week.


 

This means the Euro and GBP could still be retracing their heavy drops that started mid-May.

 

USDJPY

On a weekly chart the pair made an engulfing candle two weeks ago, and last week it continues moving down toward its support zone, where it bounced sharply up creating a hammer.
The price is moving mainly by its fundamentals, and now it is heading to the resistance area (green rectangle ). We may see the pair moving between those two areas for some time.


Looking at the daily chart, the pair broke the triangle formation to the upside with a large candle. The cycle indicator also points upward.
The target level is at its recent highs.


 

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