The Risk to Reward Ratio is one of the most critical aspects of risk management in Forex trading. Traders with a clear understanding of what RRR is can improve his/her chances of making more profits. In this article, let’s discuss the fundamentals of Risk to Reward ratio with examples and also the ways through which it can be increased while taking your trades.
What is the Risk to Reward Ratio?
Before getting right into the topic, let’s define the meaning of ‘Risk’ here. Risk is the amount of money that a trader is willing to lose in a trade. If you have read our previous money management articles, we mentioned that a trader should not be risking more than 2-3% of their trading capital in each trade. It means when they find a trade setup, they should choose their position size in such a way that if the market hits their stop-loss, they lose a maximum of 2-3% of their trading capital.
Now, the Risk to Reward Ratio is simply the ratio between the size of your stop-loss to the size of your target profit. Let’s say your stop-loss is five pips away from your entry price and your target profit is ten pips away from the entry. In this case, your risk to reward ratio is 1:2 (5 Pips/ 10 Pips).
The larger the profit against the stop loss, the smaller the risk to reward ratio. Which means your risk is a lot smaller than your reward.
What is the recommended risk to reward ratio in the forex market?
Typically, a minimum of 1:1 or 1:2 RRR is recommended for novice traders. There are super conservative traders where they look for a minimum RRR of 1:5.
The risk to reward in every trade cannot be fixed as it varies depending on the market condition. For example, 1:3 or 1:5 RR ratio is achievable when the market is trending, and you enter the market at the right time. Whereas when the market is not very volatile, we should be happy with a risk to reward ratio of 1:1.
How to increase the risk to reward (RR) ratio?
🏳️ Raising target and putting stop-loss to breakeven
A trader can think of raising the target if the market moves to the initial take-profit quickly. This is because when the market moves so fast, it has the potential to move further, thereby increasing the profits.
🏳️ Finding trade setups from the larger time frame
Another way to increase the risk to reward (RR) ratio is by taking the strong trade setups from the higher time frames like daily, weekly, and monthly. We need to wait for such strong trade setups to form. Once formed, the price will move for hundreds of pips, and so we can have wide targets.
Higher the RRR, the better it is, and of course, higher RRRs are more challenging to achieve. So, do not forget to keep the expectations real and the risks appropriate. You do not have to avoid perfect trades just because the RRR is not as high as 1:5. Make sure to do proper risk management before placing a trade. Never trade with a risk to reward ratio that is too less and try to maximize it as much as possible. Cheers!