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Understanding The Basics Of ‘Ethereum’ – A Revolutionary Cryptocurrency

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Introduction

The most talked-about cryptocurrency after Bitcoin is Ether. Ether is second in market capitalization after Bitcoin. While the Bitcoin network is only about minting Bitcoins using the POW consensus algorithm, the Ethereum platform is much more than just the cryptocurrency that the network helps in minting. Vitalik Buterin developed the Ethereum platform by taking inspiration from Bitcoin whitepaper. He wants Ethereum to be something called ‘World Computer.’

Objective

The worldwide web(www), which came into existence with the advent of the internet, transformed our lives completely. To login to different websites, we store our email id’s and passwords in various machines, though the devices may be personal. Still, the credential information is stored in the servers of different websites around the world. Hackers make these servers as targets and steal our information, which results in a breathtaking loss. Hence Ethereum’s goal is to protect user’s data. Ethereum wants to disrupt the client-server model by using thousands of nodes across the globe run by individual volunteers.

Ether

So, where does Ether come into picture amidst all this? It is the cryptocurrency of the Ethereum platform. Ether is generated when each block of transactions gets added to the existing blocks in the Ethereum network. The number of coins made every year is a fixed amount as per the determination of the network. By now, we understand that the Ethereum platform offers decentralized internet or DApps – decentralized apps. As the services cannot be taken free of cost, Ether also helps in fueling the performance of these apps. To perform any transactions in the decentralized apps functioning on the Ethereum platform, one must pay in Ether. The transaction fees are also called as gas as it is the fuel to perform transactions.

Market Capitalization 

Ether is traded under the name of ETH in cryptocurrency exchanges. Each Ether costs about $172.49, while the market cap of Ethereum is around 18 billion dollars. The 24-hour trading volume is approximately 7 billion dollars.

Consensus Used

Consensus algorithms are the backbone of any blockchain network. Bitcoin and Ethereum both use Proof of Work (POW) as a consensus algorithm today. But Ethereum aims to move to Proof of Stake (POS) as POW is very costly concerning the power consumption and computational resources consumption as well. Ethereum hard fork is impending where the significant change is going to be the switch from POW to POS.

Price History

Ether started with zero price on July 30, 2015. 2016 was a slow-growth year for ETH, while 2017 saw tremendous gains beginning from the start of the year itself. By December 2017, the price was around $800. By January 2018, it achieved its highest rate ever with 1,261.03 dollars. A severe downfall has been seen in the same year; by June, it halved the value to $531.15 by December; it even reduced to $141.33. 2019 has been somewhat stable year compared to the previous years. In July 2019, the price was around $300, and at present, the price is at $172.49.

Conclusion

While Bitcoin has given birth to the concept of cryptocurrency, Ethereum went a bit ahead and explored the true potential of blockchain technology with decentralized apps. After Bitcoin, Ethereum is the next go-to cryptocurrency concerning any measure one can check. Ether price has been kind of stable this year, and investors can hold on to it for the long term as the hard fork of the Ethereum is only going to make the coin even better. Stay tuned for more informative content on individual cryptos.

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