While some traders prefer to work with a financial advisor who invests on their behalf, other traders choose to take a ‘do it yourself’ approach, buying and selling their own shares or trading. That’s probably why you’re on the professional trader website.
However, as you know if you’ve ever tried to buy shares, there are different varieties of stock order types. Some orders are executed immediately; others are executed only at a specific time or price, and others have additional conditions.
The type of order used can make a big difference in the price you pay and the returns you get, so it is important to be familiar with the different types of orders in the financial markets.
Order to the Market
A market order is when an investor to trader requests an execution in the act of the sale or purchase of an asset. While this order guarantees the execution of the order, it does not guarantee the execution price. It will usually be executed at the current purchase (sale) or sale (purchase) price. Investors can give simple or complex market order instructions, which can be accessed by brokers or banks they use to trade.
When executing an order to market, traders have no control over the final price. The execution of the order to market is correlated with the availability of sellers and buyers. Depending on the pace of the financial market, the price sold or paid can vary dramatically from the quoted price. It is also possible to divide market orders. The division of market orders can lead to multiple price points, due to the involvement of several traders in the transaction.
If you want to execute an order at a specific price, you must use a limited order. With a limited order, you will determine a certain price for which you want to buy or sell a value. The order is only executed when it has a buyer or seller who will pay or sell a number of assets for that price.
A limited purchase order is only executed at the limit price or below ( if, below).
Let’s take an example, if a trader wants to buy Apple Inc. for a price not exceeding $200 per share, the investor will make a limited order. Once the share price reaches $200, the order is executed. Although a limited-sale order is similar, it is only executed when the shares reach or exceed the limit price.
Limited sales orders may also have additional requirements such as Fill or Kill (FOK) or All or none’ (AON).
When a FOK is requested, the order is executed immediately or killed completely.
With an AON request, the order is executed or not executed at all. If the order is not complete, the request will remain pending until the order is completed.
This is a brokers’ market makers, that is to say, ALL brokers using Metatrader (that do not tell you stories of liquid suppliers and milongas, at the end of the chain there is a market maker), makes no sense. But I use futures or stocks and ETFs, it is basic in a trading strategy, especially when you make money allocation being CTA. You can’t buy futures from 20 customers and 30 can’t. Can I explain? Or all or none.
GTD (Good till date)
If you want to indicate the amount of time an order remains active, you will want to use a period of validity of the order. For example, a valid daily order (GFD) is an order in which the investor wishes to sell or buy insurance for a certain period of time. Once the trader requests the order, it will expire shortly thereafter during the day. These orders will only be valid during the day they are requested. If current orders are not executed during the day, they are canceled at the end of the trading day.
Investors can also request the cancellation of the order until the deadline is met, which requires certain cancellation criteria to continue indefinitely. Another request option is immediate or a cancel order (IOC) that executes or cancels the order instantly.
Conditional Orders of Exchange
Conditional orders allow investors to set the parameters that trigger execution. These options focus on the movement of prices of securities, forex, CFDs, indices, and other options contracts.
An investor can select trigger values, types of securities, and time limits for the execution of his orders. Now we present some of the most common conditions stock market orders that can be used in trading.
Order Stop Loss
The purpose of a suspension order is to limit the trader’s loss in a transaction. Traders usually apply for “BUY STOP” orders to limit their losses or protect their profits if they have put a short deal. Traders can use a stop-sale order to minimize their loss or protect a profit if they have a SELL STOP.
Some of the most common stop-loss commands include:
Stop Selling Order: The instructions for stop selling orders are to sell at the best available price, once the price falls beyond the stop-loss price.
Purchase Stop Order: Similar to the sale stop order, the purchase stop order is a safeguard to limit a loss. If a trader makes a short, you may want to place a stop purchase order to minimize your loss of earnings.
Trailing stop order: Introducing stop parameters that produce a mobile or drag price is a stop trailing order. Stop Trailing orders can maximize profit when prices increase and decrease significantly loss when prices fall. I don’t like them, but they are.
A purchase order at the market price if touched is an order that requests a purchase at the best available price, or at the “if touched” level. This order is the famous MIT ( Market if Touch) If the price of the value falls at this level, the order will become a market purchase order. While with a market order if touched, the sale occurs when a buyer wants to pay the level of ‘if touched’.
These types of orders are widely used in range break trading, where you enter the market at a high price if a certain value is exceeded. The same but the other way around, but on the short side.
An Order Cancels Other Orders
Investors can use an OCO command when they want to capitalize on one of the two trading options. For example, if an investor wishes to trade shares of ABC at 10 euros per share or shares of XYZ at 50 euros per share, the one who reaches the designated price first will be the one who occurs. Thus, if ABC shares reach 10 euros per share, the order is executed and the order for XYZ shares is canceled.
A bear command is when an investor wishes to send another order once his previous order has been completed. Let’s take an example, if a trader wants to buy ABC shares for 10 euros per share and then wants to place a sales order and make a profit, he would need to complete a two-part order. The first part is a limited order for the purchase of ABC shares at 10 euros per share. The second part would be to sell ABC’s shares at EUR 11 per share. Multiple commands enter the system simultaneously and then run sequentially.
Orders Sensitive to Tick
A tick-sensitive command is an order that is conditional on a tick going up or down. Traders can enter such orders in futures brokers such as Interactive Brokers. An example of this order would be to buy at a downtick at the opening price of the s&P 500 futures.
Before you start trading forex, stocks, futures, or whatever, it’s important to understand the vocabulary of the investment world. Perhaps no jargon is more important than the one surrounding the different types of orders, so I hope I helped you.