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Why forex spread widen?

Forex spread refers to the difference between the bid price and the ask price of a currency pair. It is one of the most significant factors that affect forex trading, as it directly impacts the profitability of a trade. Spread is typically measured in pips, and the tighter the spread, the better it is for traders. However, there are times when the spread can widen, causing traders to incur additional costs and limiting their profitability. In this article, we will explore why forex spread widens and how it affects traders.

1. Market Volatility

One of the primary reasons why forex spread widens is market volatility. When there is a significant event, such as an economic report release, a political announcement, or a natural disaster, it can cause a sudden and massive influx of trading activity. As a result, the demand for a particular currency pair may increase or decrease rapidly, causing the spread to widen. This is because market volatility makes it difficult for market makers to quote prices accurately, and they may need to widen the spread to protect themselves from sudden price movements.


2. Liquidity

The level of liquidity in the forex market also affects the spread. Liquidity refers to the ease with which traders can buy or sell a currency pair without affecting its price. When there is low liquidity in the market, it becomes difficult for market makers to match buyers and sellers, leading to wider spreads. This is because market makers need to compensate for the additional risk they are taking by widening the spread.

3. Trading Sessions

Forex trading takes place 24 hours a day, five days a week. However, the forex market is not equally active throughout the day. Trading sessions in different parts of the world open and close at different times, and this affects the level of liquidity and volatility in the market. For example, during the Asian trading session, the liquidity and volatility are typically lower than during the European or US trading sessions. This can result in wider spreads during the Asian session.

4. Market Maker Competition

Market makers are financial institutions that provide liquidity to the forex market by quoting buy and sell prices for currency pairs. There are numerous market makers in the forex market, and each one competes with others to attract traders. This competition can lead to lower spreads, but it can also cause spreads to widen. For example, if one market maker increases its spread to protect itself from market volatility, other market makers may follow suit to remain competitive.

5. Trading Size

The size of a trader’s position can also affect the spread. When a trader places a large trade, it can cause the market to become imbalanced and affect the price of the currency pair. As a result, market makers may need to widen the spread to protect themselves from the additional risk they are taking. This is why traders who trade large positions may find that their spreads are wider than those who trade smaller positions.

In conclusion, forex spread widening is a common occurrence in the forex market. Traders need to be aware of the factors that affect spread and adjust their trading strategies accordingly. By understanding the reasons why spreads widen, traders can make informed decisions and manage their trading costs effectively.


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