Popular Questions

Who controls the price in forex?

Forex trading is the largest financial market in the world, with trillions of dollars being exchanged daily. This market is highly volatile, and prices can change rapidly in a matter of seconds. The question of who controls the price in forex is a complex one, as there are several factors that impact currency prices. In this article, we will explore the various players who influence forex prices and how they do so.

Central Banks

Central banks are the most influential players in the forex market. They are responsible for setting interest rates and controlling the money supply in their respective countries. When a central bank raises interest rates, it makes its currency more attractive to foreign investors, causing the currency to appreciate in value. Conversely, when a central bank lowers interest rates, it makes its currency less appealing to foreign investors, leading to a depreciation in the currency’s value.


Central banks also engage in currency intervention to influence the forex market. This involves buying or selling their currency in the open market to control its value. For example, if a central bank believes its currency is overvalued, it may sell its currency to reduce its value. Conversely, if a central bank believes its currency is undervalued, it may buy its currency to increase its value.


Governments also play a significant role in forex prices. They can influence currency values through their fiscal policies, such as taxation, government spending, and trade policies. For example, if a government increases taxes or reduces government spending, it can lead to a decrease in demand for goods and services, and subsequently, a decrease in demand for the currency. This can cause the currency to depreciate.

International Organizations

International organizations such as the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the World Bank also impact forex prices. These organizations provide loans and financial assistance to countries in need, which can affect currency values. For instance, if a country receives a loan from the IMF, it can lead to an increase in demand for its currency, causing it to appreciate.


Speculators are individuals or institutions who trade forex with the aim of making a profit. They do not have any interest in the underlying assets or currencies they are trading but are only concerned with making a profit. Speculators use various trading strategies to predict future currency movements and profit from them.

Speculators can influence forex prices through their trading activities. For instance, if a large number of speculators believe that a particular currency is going to appreciate, they may buy the currency, causing its value to rise. Conversely, if they believe that the currency is going to depreciate, they may sell the currency, causing its value to fall.

Market Participants

Market participants refer to the various entities that participate in the forex market, such as banks, corporations, and retail traders. These participants can influence forex prices through their trading activities. For instance, if a large corporation needs to purchase a significant amount of foreign currency to conduct business in another country, it can influence the demand for the currency and subsequently its value.

Retail traders also play a role in forex prices, although their impact is relatively small compared to the other players. Retail traders can influence forex prices through their trading activities, but their trades are usually small in size, and their impact is short-lived.

In conclusion, several players influence forex prices, including central banks, governments, international organizations, speculators, and market participants. Each player has a different level of influence, and their impact on forex prices can vary depending on the prevailing market conditions. As a forex trader, it is essential to understand the various players in the market and how they influence currency prices to make informed trading decisions.


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