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What percent of forex transactions involve the dollar bretton woods?

The Bretton Woods Agreement, signed in 1944, was a landmark agreement that established the international monetary system. The agreement was signed by 44 countries, including the United States, and laid out the framework for the post-World War II economic order. One of the key provisions of the agreement was the establishment of the US dollar as the world’s dominant currency.

Under the Bretton Woods system, all currencies were pegged to the US dollar, which in turn was pegged to gold. This meant that the value of other currencies was fixed relative to the dollar, and the value of the dollar was fixed relative to gold. This system remained in place until 1971 when the US government ended the convertibility of the dollar into gold.


Despite the end of the Bretton Woods system, the US dollar remains the dominant currency in international transactions, including forex transactions. According to a survey conducted by the Bank for International Settlements (BIS), the US dollar is involved in approximately 88% of all forex transactions.

This dominance of the US dollar is due to several factors. First, the US is the world’s largest economy and the dollar is the world’s most widely held reserve currency. This means that many countries hold US dollars as a reserve asset and use it to facilitate international trade and investment.

Second, the US dollar is considered a safe haven currency, which means that investors flock to it during times of economic uncertainty. This is because the US economy is considered stable and the US government is seen as creditworthy.

Finally, the US dollar is widely accepted and traded around the world. It is the currency of choice for many international transactions, including the purchase of commodities such as oil and gold.

While the dominance of the US dollar in forex transactions is undeniable, there are some who argue that this dominance is not necessarily a good thing. Critics of the Bretton Woods system argue that it led to imbalances in international trade and contributed to the global economic instability of the 1970s.

More recently, there has been concern that the dominance of the US dollar in international transactions could give the US an unfair advantage in international trade. Some countries have called for a move away from the US dollar as the dominant currency and have advocated for the use of alternative currencies such as the Chinese yuan or the euro.

Despite these concerns, it is unlikely that the US dollar will lose its dominant position in international transactions anytime soon. The US economy remains the largest and most stable in the world, and the US dollar is widely accepted and traded around the world. While there may be some movement towards the use of alternative currencies in international transactions, it is unlikely that the US dollar will be displaced as the dominant currency anytime in the near future.


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