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# What is 1 pip in forex trading?

Forex trading is a lucrative market that has attracted a lot of investors and traders over the years. However, to become successful in this market, you must understand the various terminologies used. One of the most essential terminologies in forex trading is the pip. In this article, we will explain what a pip is in forex trading.

### What is a Pip?

The term pip stands for “percentage in point” or “price interest point.” It’s the smallest price movement in a currency pair, and it’s usually measured in the fourth decimal place for most currency pairs. For example, if the EUR/USD currency pair moves from 1.2101 to 1.2102, that is a one pip movement.

However, there are some exceptions to this rule. For currency pairs that have the Japanese yen (JPY) as the quote currency, a pip is measured in the second decimal place. For example, if the USD/JPY currency pair moves from 110.01 to 110.02, that is a one pip movement.

### Why is Pip Important?

Pips are essential in forex trading because they determine the profit or loss of a trade. Forex traders use pips to calculate their profits or losses, and the pip value also determines the position size that traders can take on a trade.

For example, if a trader buys the EUR/USD currency pair at 1.2101 and sells it at 1.2102, they have made a profit of one pip. The profit made will depend on the lot size and the leverage used. The larger the lot size, the higher the profit, and the higher the leverage used, the higher the profit.

### Calculating Pip Value

To calculate the value of a pip, you need to know the currency pair, the lot size, and the current exchange rate. The formula to calculate the value of a pip is:

### Pip Value = (One Pip / Exchange Rate) x Lot Size

For example, let’s say you have a standard lot size of 100,000 units of the EUR/USD currency pair, and the exchange rate is 1.2101. If the price moves from 1.2101 to 1.2102, that is a one pip movement.

To calculate the pip value, you need to divide one pip by the exchange rate and then multiply by the lot size:

### Pip Value = (0.0001 / 1.2101) x 100,000 = \$8.28

This means that for every one pip movement in the EUR/USD currency pair, you will make or lose \$8.28.

### Pip Value for Different Lot Sizes

The pip value will vary depending on the lot size you are trading. Here is a table showing the pip value for different lot sizes:

### Conclusion

In conclusion, a pip is the smallest price movement in a currency pair, and it’s essential in forex trading because it determines the profit or loss of a trade. Forex traders use pips to calculate their profits or losses, and the pip value also determines the position size that traders can take on a trade. To calculate the value of a pip, you need to know the currency pair, the lot size, and the current exchange rate. The pip value will vary depending on the lot size you are trading.