What Happened to Forex Trading in 2020: A Year in Review

Title: What Happened to Forex Trading in 2020: A Year in Review


The year 2020 will be remembered as a time of unprecedented challenges and changes across various sectors, and the forex trading market was no exception. As the world grappled with the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, global economies experienced significant volatility, presenting both opportunities and risks for forex traders. In this article, we will review the major events and trends that shaped the forex market in 2020.

1. The COVID-19 Pandemic

The outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic had a profound impact on forex trading. As countries implemented lockdowns, travel restrictions, and social distancing measures, global economies suffered severe contractions. This led to heightened uncertainty and increased market volatility, creating ample trading opportunities.


The forex market experienced record-breaking volatility, with major currency pairs witnessing significant fluctuations. Safe-haven currencies like the US dollar and Japanese yen initially surged as investors sought refuge, but later faced downward pressure as central banks implemented massive stimulus measures to support their respective economies.

2. Central Bank Actions

Central banks played a crucial role in shaping the forex market in 2020. In response to the economic fallout caused by the pandemic, central banks around the world implemented aggressive monetary policies. Interest rates were slashed to historic lows, and quantitative easing programs were initiated to inject liquidity into the financial system.

The actions of central banks had a direct impact on currency valuations. Currencies of countries with higher interest rates, such as the Australian dollar and the New Zealand dollar, experienced significant gains as investors sought higher yields. On the other hand, currencies of countries with low or negative interest rates, such as the euro and the Swiss franc, faced downward pressure.

3. US Presidential Election

The US Presidential Election held in November 2020 had a profound impact on the forex market. The race between Donald Trump and Joe Biden was closely watched by traders, as the outcome could potentially shape US economic policies and international trade relations.

Leading up to the election, the US dollar experienced heightened volatility, reflecting market uncertainty. As the results became clearer, the US dollar initially weakened against major currencies due to expectations of a large fiscal stimulus package under a Biden presidency. However, as the post-election period unfolded, the dollar regained strength amidst concerns over a potentially divided government and ongoing political uncertainties.

4. Brexit Negotiations

Brexit negotiations between the European Union and the United Kingdom continued throughout 2020, influencing the forex market. The prolonged uncertainty surrounding the future trade relationship between the two entities resulted in significant volatility in the British pound.

As the December 31, 2020 deadline approached, the British pound experienced sharp fluctuations based on the progress of the negotiations. Optimism surrounding a potential trade deal led to pound appreciation, while setbacks in negotiations caused it to weaken. Ultimately, a trade deal was reached, offering some relief to traders and stabilizing the pound.


The year 2020 will be remembered as a transformative period for forex trading. The COVID-19 pandemic, central bank actions, the US Presidential Election, and Brexit negotiations all contributed to heightened volatility and significant currency fluctuations.

While the challenges posed by these events created uncertainties, they also presented ample trading opportunities for those who were able to adapt and capitalize on market movements. As we move into 2021, it is crucial for forex traders to continue monitoring global events and staying informed to navigate the ever-changing landscape of the forex market.


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