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# How to read pips forex?

Forex trading is a vast and complex world, with a multitude of terms, concepts, and indicators to learn and understand. One of the most fundamental concepts in forex trading is the use of pips. Pips, short for “percentage in point,” are the smallest unit of measurement in forex trading. Understanding how to read pips is essential for any trader, as it determines the value of a currency pair and the potential profit or loss of a trade. In this article, we’ll explain what pips are, how they’re calculated, and how to read them in forex trading.

### What are Pips in Forex Trading?

Pips are the smallest unit of measurement in forex trading. They represent the movement of a currency pair and are used to calculate the profit or loss of a trade. Pips are usually expressed in four decimal places, except for Japanese yen pairs, which are expressed in two decimal places. For example, if the EUR/USD pair moves from 1.1000 to 1.1010, the movement is 10 pips.

### How to Calculate Pips in Forex Trading?

To calculate pips, you need to know the exchange rate of a currency pair and the lot size of your trade. The exchange rate is the price at which one currency can be exchanged for another. The lot size is the amount of currency you’re trading. The standard lot size in forex trading is 100,000 units of the base currency, which is the first currency in the currency pair.

### Pip Value = (One Pip / Exchange Rate) * Lot Size

For example, let’s say you’re trading the EUR/USD pair at an exchange rate of 1.1000 with a lot size of 1. The value of one pip would be:

### Pip Value = \$9.09

This means that for every pip the EUR/USD pair moves, you’ll either gain or lose \$9.09, depending on the direction of the movement.

### How to Read Pips in Forex Trading?

When trading forex, pips are used to calculate the profit or loss of a trade. If you buy a currency pair and the price goes up, you’ll make a profit. If you sell a currency pair and the price goes down, you’ll make a profit. The profit or loss you make is determined by the number of pips the currency pair moves in your favor or against you.

For example, let’s say you buy the EUR/USD pair at 1.1000 and the price goes up to 1.1050. The movement is 50 pips. If your lot size is 1, the profit you make would be:

### Profit = \$454.50

Similarly, if you sell the EUR/USD pair at 1.1000 and the price goes down to 1.0950, the movement is 50 pips. If your lot size is 1, the profit you make would be:

### Profit = \$454.50

In both cases, the profit is the same, as the number of pips is the same. However, if the lot size is different, the profit or loss would be different as well.

### Conclusion

Pips are a fundamental concept in forex trading, as they determine the value of a currency pair and the potential profit or loss of a trade. Understanding how to read pips is essential for any trader, as it allows them to calculate their risk and reward and make informed trading decisions. By following the steps outlined in this article, you should now have a better understanding of what pips are, how they’re calculated, and how to read them in forex trading.