How to read graph in forex?


Forex trading involves a lot of analysis and decision-making based on data. One of the most important tools available to traders is the graph. Graphs, also known as charts, are visual representations of the price and volume movements of a currency pair. They help traders to identify trends, patterns, and potential trading opportunities. In this article, we will discuss how to read a graph in forex.

Types of Graphs

There are different types of graphs in forex trading, but the most commonly used ones are line charts, bar charts, and candlestick charts.


Line Charts

Line charts are the most basic type of graph. They display the closing price of a currency pair over a certain period. The line connects the closing prices of each time period, creating a continuous line. It is the simplest way to view the price movement of a currency pair.

Bar Charts

Bar charts are more detailed than line charts. They show the opening, closing, high, and low prices of a currency pair over a certain period. Each bar represents a specific time period, such as a day, week, or month. The top of the vertical line represents the highest price reached during the period, while the bottom represents the lowest price. The horizontal lines on the left and right sides of the vertical line represent the opening and closing prices, respectively.

Candlestick Charts

Candlestick charts are similar to bar charts. They also show the opening, closing, high, and low prices of a currency pair over a certain period. However, candlestick charts provide more visual information than bar charts. Each candlestick represents a specific time period. The body of the candlestick shows the opening and closing prices, while the wicks or shadows of the candlestick show the highest and lowest prices reached during the period.

Reading a Graph

To read a graph in forex, you need to understand the basic elements of a graph. These include the time frame, the currency pair, the price axis, and the volume axis.

Time Frame

The time frame is the duration of the chart. It can range from seconds to years, depending on the trader’s preference. The most commonly used time frames are one minute, five minutes, fifteen minutes, thirty minutes, one hour, four hours, daily, weekly, and monthly. Each time frame provides different information about price movements.

Currency Pair

The currency pair is the two currencies being traded. For example, the EUR/USD currency pair represents the Euro and the US dollar. The first currency listed is the base currency, while the second currency is the quote currency.

Price Axis

The price axis shows the value of the currency pair. It is usually displayed on the right side of the graph. The values on the price axis are called pips. A pip is the smallest increment that a currency pair can move. For example, if the EUR/USD pair moves from 1.2000 to 1.2001, it has moved one pip.

Volume Axis

The volume axis shows the number of trades that have taken place during a specific time period. It is usually displayed at the bottom of the graph. The volume can help traders to identify the strength of a trend or the level of trader participation.

Trend Lines

Trend lines are an important tool for traders. They help to identify the direction of a trend and can be used to predict future price movements. A trend line is a diagonal line that connects two or more points on a graph. An uptrend line connects the low points of a trend, while a downtrend line connects the high points of a trend.

Support and Resistance Levels

Support and resistance levels are areas on a graph where the price has historically struggled to move beyond. A support level is a price point where the price has previously bounced off and risen. A resistance level is a price point where the price has previously bounced off and fallen. These levels can be used to set entry and exit points for trades.


Reading a graph in forex is an important skill for traders. It helps them to identify trends, patterns, and potential trading opportunities. Understanding the basic elements of a graph, such as time frame, currency pair, price axis, and volume axis, is essential. Traders can also use trend lines and support and resistance levels to make informed decisions about their trades.