How to Calculate Pips in Forex Trading: A Beginner’s Guide


How to Calculate Pips in Forex Trading: A Beginner’s Guide

Forex trading is a popular investment option for individuals looking to make profits by trading currencies. However, to be successful in forex trading, it is essential to have a solid understanding of various concepts and terminologies used in the industry. One such concept is “pips”.

Pips, short for “percentage in point”, are the smallest unit of measurement in forex trading. They are used to calculate the profits or losses made on a trade and are crucial for determining the risk-reward ratio of a trade. In this beginner’s guide, we will explain what pips are, how they are calculated, and their importance in forex trading.


What are Pips?

In forex trading, currencies are quoted in pairs, such as EUR/USD or GBP/USD. The value of a currency pair is expressed in pips, which represent the fourth decimal place in most currency pairs. For example, if the EUR/USD pair is trading at 1.2000, a one-pip movement would be from 1.2000 to 1.2001.

Pips are used to measure the price movement of a currency pair and determine the profit or loss on a trade. They represent the smallest incremental change in the value of a currency pair and are essential for calculating the potential gains or losses in forex trading.

How to Calculate Pips?

Calculating pips is relatively simple, and it involves understanding the decimal place at which a currency pair is quoted. For most currency pairs, pips are expressed in the fourth decimal place, except for pairs involving the Japanese yen (JPY), where pips are expressed in the second decimal place.

To calculate the value of a pip, you need to consider the lot size and the exchange rate of the currency pair. The formula for calculating the value of a pip is as follows:

Value of a Pip = (Pip in decimal places / Exchange rate) * Lot size

Let’s break down this formula with an example:

Suppose you are trading the EUR/USD currency pair, and the exchange rate is 1.2000. If the pip value is expressed in the fourth decimal place (0.0001) and you are trading a standard lot size of 100,000 units, the calculation would be as follows:

Value of a Pip = (0.0001 / 1.2000) * 100,000 = 8.33 USD

In this example, each pip movement in the EUR/USD currency pair is worth 8.33 USD. Therefore, if the price moves by 10 pips in your favor, your profit would be 10 * 8.33 = 83.33 USD.

The Importance of Pips in Forex Trading

Understanding and calculating pips is crucial for several reasons in forex trading:

1. Risk Management: Pips help traders determine the potential risk and reward of a trade. By knowing the value of each pip, traders can calculate their potential losses or gains and adjust their position sizes accordingly. This helps in managing risk and setting stop-loss and take-profit levels.

2. Profitability: Pips are directly linked to the profitability of a trade. By calculating the value of each pip, traders can assess the potential gains on a trade and make informed decisions about their trading strategies.

3. Trade Comparison: Pips allow traders to compare different currency pairs and determine which ones offer better trading opportunities. By considering the pip value, traders can evaluate the potential profits or losses of different trades and choose the most favorable options.

4. Trade Analysis: Pips play a significant role in analyzing past trades and evaluating trading strategies. By knowing the pip value of a trade, traders can assess the effectiveness of their strategies and make adjustments accordingly.


Pips are an essential concept in forex trading, and understanding how to calculate them is crucial for successful trading. By knowing the value of each pip, traders can manage their risk, determine potential profits or losses, and make informed decisions about their trades.

Calculating pips involves considering the decimal place at which a currency pair is quoted and using a simple formula. Pips are instrumental in risk management, profitability assessment, trade comparison, and trade analysis.

As a beginner in forex trading, mastering the concept of pips is a fundamental step towards becoming a successful trader. With practice and experience, you will gain a deeper understanding of pips and their significance in forex trading.