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How to calculate a pip forex?

Calculating pips in forex is a crucial step in understanding the value of a currency pair. A pip, short for “percentage in point,” is the smallest unit of measurement for currency movements. In forex, pips are used to measure the movement of currency pairs in the market. Understanding how to calculate pips is essential for traders to determine the profit or loss of their trades accurately.

In forex, the value of a currency pair is expressed in terms of two currencies, with the base currency being the first currency and the quote currency being the second. The pip value, in turn, is calculated based on the exchange rate of the currency pair.


To calculate the pip value of a forex trade, traders need to follow a simple formula that involves the size of the trade, the exchange rate, and the currency pair’s lot size.

The formula for calculating pip value is:

Pip Value = (One Pip / Exchange Rate) * Lot Size

To understand this formula, let’s break it down into its components.

One Pip:

A pip is the smallest increment of price movement in a currency pair. For most currency pairs, one pip is equal to 0.0001, except for the Japanese yen pairs, where one pip is 0.01. For example, if the EUR/USD currency pair moves from 1.2000 to 1.2001, that is a one pip movement.

Exchange Rate:

The exchange rate is the value of one currency expressed in terms of another. For example, if the exchange rate for the EUR/USD pair is 1.2000, it means that one euro is worth 1.2000 US dollars.

Lot Size:

A lot refers to the standardized quantity of a financial instrument traded in the market. In forex, a standard lot size is 100,000 units of the base currency. However, traders can also trade smaller quantities using mini-lots (10,000 units) or micro-lots (1,000 units).

Now that we understand the components of the formula let’s look at an example to help us calculate the pip value.


Let’s assume that a trader buys a standard lot of EUR/USD at an exchange rate of 1.2000. The trader’s account is denominated in US dollars, and they want to know the value of one pip for this trade.

Step 1: Determine the One Pip Value

For the EUR/USD currency pair, one pip is equal to 0.0001. Therefore, the one pip value for this trade is $10.

Step 2: Determine the Exchange Rate

The exchange rate for the EUR/USD currency pair is 1.2000.

Step 3: Determine the Lot Size

The trader has bought a standard lot of 100,000 units.

Step 4: Calculate the Pip Value

Using the formula, we can calculate the pip value as follows:

Pip Value = (One Pip / Exchange Rate) * Lot Size

Pip Value = (0.0001 / 1.2000) * 100,000

Pip Value = 8.33

Therefore, the pip value for this trade is $8.33.


In conclusion, calculating pips in forex is a straightforward process that involves three essential components: the one pip value, the exchange rate, and the lot size. By understanding how to calculate pips, traders can determine the profit or loss of their trades accurately. It is crucial to note that the pip value may vary depending on the currency pair’s exchange rate and lot size. Therefore, traders should always double-check their calculations when determining the pip value of their trades.


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