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How to caculate forex profits?

Forex, or foreign exchange, is the process of buying and selling currencies to make a profit. It is a highly liquid market that operates 24 hours a day, five days a week. Forex trading can be a lucrative venture if done correctly, but it is essential to understand how to calculate forex profits.

Forex profits are calculated based on the difference between the buying and selling price of a currency. The formula for calculating forex profits is straightforward, but it is crucial to understand the concepts of pips, lots, and leverage.



A pip, or percentage in point, is the smallest unit of measurement in forex trading. It is the fourth decimal place in most currency pairs, except for the Japanese yen, where it is the second decimal place. For example, if the EUR/USD currency pair rises from 1.1200 to 1.1201, it has increased by one pip.


A lot is a unit of measurement used in forex trading to represent the size of a trade. A standard lot is 100,000 units of the base currency, while a mini lot is 10,000 units, and a micro lot is 1,000 units. The size of a lot is essential in calculating profits as it affects the pip value.


Leverage is the amount of borrowed money a trader uses to open a position. It allows traders to control larger positions with a smaller amount of capital. However, leverage can also increase the risk of losses, as the potential losses are magnified.

Calculating Forex Profits

To calculate forex profits, you need to know the following information:

– The currency pair you are trading

– The size of your trade in lots

– The opening price of your trade

– The closing price of your trade

Once you have this information, you can use the following formula to calculate your forex profits:

Profit/Loss = (Closing Price – Opening Price) x Pip Value x Number of Lots

Let’s look at an example to illustrate this formula:

Suppose you bought 1 lot of EUR/USD at an opening price of 1.1200 and sold it at a closing price of 1.1300. The difference between the two prices is 100 pips.

To calculate the pip value, you need to divide the amount of money you are risking by the number of pips. Suppose you are risking $1,000 on this trade. The pip value will be:

Pip Value = $1,000 / 100 pips = $10 per pip

Using the formula above, we can calculate the profit as follows:

Profit = (1.1300 – 1.1200) x $10 x 1 lot = $100

In this example, you made a profit of $100 on a $1,000 investment. It is essential to note that forex trading involves both profits and losses, and it is crucial to manage your risk accordingly.


Calculating forex profits can seem daunting, but it is a simple process that involves understanding the concepts of pips, lots, and leverage. By using the formula above, traders can calculate their profits and make informed decisions about their trades. However, it is essential to remember that forex trading involves risk, and traders should only invest what they can afford to lose.


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