# What is swap in forex with example?

71
0

If you are a forex trader, you might have heard about the term “swap.” Swap is an essential concept in forex trading that every trader should understand. In simple terms, a swap is an interest payment that is either paid or received by a forex trader on an open position held overnight. This overnight interest payment is calculated based on the interest rate differential between the two currencies in the currency pair.

For instance, let’s assume that you are a forex trader based in the United States, and you want to trade the EUR/USD currency pair. The interest rate in the United States is 2%, and the interest rate in the Eurozone is 0.25%. If you buy the EUR/USD currency pair, you will be paying the 2% interest rate on the USD and earning the 0.25% interest rate on the EUR. The difference between these two interest rates is 1.75%, which is what you will earn as a swap on your open position.

On the other hand, if you sell the EUR/USD currency pair, you will be earning the 2% interest rate on the USD and paying the 0.25% interest rate on the EUR. The difference between these two interest rates is 1.75%, which is what you will pay as a swap on your open position.

It is important to note that the swap payment is calculated based on the size of your position and the number of days you keep the position open. If you keep the position open for several days or even weeks, the swap payment can significantly impact your trading profits or losses.

The swap payment is automatically credited or debited to your trading account at the end of each trading day. The swap payment is usually expressed in pips, which is the smallest unit of measurement in forex trading. One pip is equal to 0.0001 or 1/10000 of a currency unit.

Let’s take another example to understand how the swap payment works in forex trading. Assume that you have a long position of 100,000 EUR/USD currency pair, and the current swap rate for this currency pair is -0.25 pips. This means that you will have to pay 0.25 pips for every day you keep the position open.

If you keep the position open for ten days, the total swap payment will be 100,000 * (-0.25) * 10 = -250 USD. This means that you will have to pay 250 USD as a swap payment for keeping the position open.

On the other hand, if the swap rate for the same currency pair is +0.25 pips, you will earn 250 USD as a swap payment for keeping the position open for ten days.

In conclusion, swap is an essential concept in forex trading that every trader should understand. It is an interest payment that is either paid or received by a forex trader on an open position held overnight. The swap payment is calculated based on the interest rate differential between the two currencies in the currency pair, the size of the position, and the number of days the position is kept open. The swap payment can significantly impact your trading profits or losses, and it is automatically credited or debited to your trading account at the end of each trading day.