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Forex why do exotic pairs move so much?

Forex, or foreign exchange, is the largest financial market in the world, with more than $5 trillion traded daily. Forex trading involves buying and selling currencies in the hopes of making a profit. While most traders focus on major currency pairs like the EUR/USD or USD/JPY, there are also many exotic currency pairs that can be traded. Exotic currency pairs are those that include currencies from emerging or smaller economies, such as the Mexican peso (MXN), South African rand (ZAR), or Turkish lira (TRY). One thing that sets exotic pairs apart from major pairs is that they tend to move much more than the majors. In this article, we will explore why exotic pairs move so much and what factors contribute to their volatility.


One of the main reasons why exotic currency pairs move so much is their lack of liquidity. Liquidity refers to the ease with which an asset can be bought or sold without affecting its price. In the case of currencies, the more liquid a currency pair is, the easier it is to find a buyer or seller at a given price. Major currency pairs like the EUR/USD or USD/JPY are highly liquid, with large volumes traded daily. This means that it is difficult to manipulate their prices, and they tend to move slowly and predictably.

Exotic currency pairs, on the other hand, are much less liquid. This means that it is easier for large traders or institutions to move their prices by buying or selling large volumes of the currency. This can cause sudden and dramatic price movements that are difficult to predict. For example, if a large institution were to sell a large amount of Mexican pesos, the price of the MXN/USD pair could drop significantly in a short amount of time. This can make trading exotic pairs more challenging, as traders must be prepared for sudden and unexpected price movements.

Economic and Political Factors

Another reason why exotic pairs move so much is the impact of economic and political factors on their respective countries. Exotic currency pairs often include currencies from emerging or smaller economies, which are more susceptible to economic and political instability. For example, the South African rand (ZAR) is often affected by political unrest in the country, while the Mexican peso (MXN) is heavily influenced by the price of oil due to Mexico’s reliance on oil exports. These factors can cause sudden and unexpected price movements in the currency, making trading more difficult.

Interest Rates

Interest rates also play a significant role in the movement of exotic currency pairs. Central banks around the world use interest rates to control inflation and stimulate economic growth. When a central bank raises interest rates, it makes the currency more attractive to investors, causing its value to rise. Conversely, when a central bank lowers interest rates, it makes the currency less attractive, causing its value to fall. Exotic currency pairs are often more sensitive to changes in interest rates than major pairs, as their economies are more vulnerable to inflation and economic instability.

Trading Exotic Currency Pairs

Trading exotic currency pairs can be challenging, as they tend to move more than major pairs and are influenced by a variety of factors. However, there are also opportunities for profit for traders who are able to effectively analyze these factors and make informed trading decisions. Traders should be aware of the liquidity of the currency pair, as well as the economic and political factors that can influence its price. It is also important to keep an eye on interest rates, as changes in rates can have a significant impact on the value of the currency pair.

In conclusion, exotic currency pairs move so much due to their lack of liquidity, susceptibility to economic and political instability, and sensitivity to changes in interest rates. While trading exotic pairs can be challenging, there are also opportunities for profit for traders who are able to effectively analyze the factors that influence their prices. Traders should always be aware of the risks involved in trading exotic currency pairs and should only trade with funds that they can afford to lose.

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