Cryptocurrencies have made an impact on the world’s financial system in an unprecedented way. The speed and agility of global transactions have changed with the advent of cryptos. At present, there are around 3053 cryptocurrencies trading across the world, with a market cap of more than $246 billion. Many global companies around the globe have started to accept cryptos as a mode of payment for the products and services they provide. Bitcoin atm’s and debit cards are making the widespread adoption of cryptocurrencies easy and worthwhile. In this article, let us understand the reason for this wide adoption of these cryptos by looking at some of the problems they solve.
🏳️ Centralization: Cryptocurrencies are built on blockchain platforms enabling them to adopt all the features of the blockchain technology. The fiat currency we use today is minted by the central banks of the respective countries. The presence of a central entity to control something is called centralization. Banks play a significant role in the financial status of any country. It is well known that the financial crisis of 2008 is due to the banking crisis. That was the time when Bitcoin came into the picture, paving the way for the decentralized currency. Cryptocurrencies are decentralized with no third-party control. They run on blockchain technology as per the network setup initially. The network is maintained and run by different entities mining the native currency. Thus by no one controlling the money, they remain unique and stable. This is the prominent problem that cryptocurrencies solve over fiat currency.
🏳️ Intermediary costs: The transaction costs to send money between different countries is too high. The respective entities charge a certain percentage of the transaction amount, and it depends on the amount we send and the service we utilize. Also, it takes more time to settle transactions across different countries. There is no limit for cryptocurrency transfer across the world. It is instantaneous with a minimal amount as a transaction fee when compared with the standard bank wire transfers.
🏳️ Privacy: The transactions you make in cryptos are semi-anonymous; some cryptos even ensure complete anonymity. Each of the users will have their crypto addresses, which are used to make transactions. These addresses ensure privacy while transacting cryptos. Having said that, the level of privacy varies from one crypto to others.
🏳️ Security: Blockchain assures the utmost protection when it comes to cryptocurrency transactions. The transactions in the blockchain cannot be reversed; once committed, they are committed for a lifetime. The cryptographic techniques used to secure the transactions are almost impossible to hack.
🏳️ Inflation: Any cryptocurrency has a limit of coins that it can ever have or in some coins, the number of coins that can be mined per year will be capped. In the case of fiat currency, the government can issue bonds and manipulate interest rates to increase the circulating money, thus decreasing its value leading to inflation. Since the number of coins that ever will be available is capped in the case of crypto, inflation can be effectively handled.
These are only a few problems that cryptocurrencies can solve, but with the widespread usage, there would be solutions for problems that we don’t even see now. We hope you find this article informative. Cheers!