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# What is forex pips?

Forex trading can be a very profitable venture if you understand the technicalities involved. One of the most important concepts in forex trading is pips. If you are new to forex trading, understanding what a pip is and how it affects your trades is crucial. In this article, we will discuss what forex pips are, how to calculate them, and how they can affect your profits.

### What are forex pips?

A pip, which stands for percentage in point or price interest point, is a unit of measurement used in forex trading to measure the change in value between two currencies. It is the smallest increment by which a currency pair can move. For most currency pairs, a pip is equal to 0.0001, except for the Japanese yen (JPY), where a pip is equal to 0.01.

For example, if the EUR/USD currency pair moves from 1.2000 to 1.2001, it has moved one pip. If it moves from 1.2000 to 1.1900, it has moved 100 pips.

### Let’s break down the formula to better understand how it works.

Pip in decimal places: As mentioned earlier, a pip is the smallest increment by which a currency pair can move. For most currency pairs, a pip is equal to 0.0001, except for the JPY, where a pip is equal to 0.01.

Trade Size: This is the amount of the currency pair that you are trading. It is usually measured in lots.

### Exchange Rate: This is the rate at which the currency pair is being traded.

For example, let’s say you are trading EUR/USD with a trade size of 1 lot and an exchange rate of 1.2000. If the currency pair moves by one pip, your pip value would be:

### How do forex pips affect your profits?

Forex pips can greatly affect your profits in forex trading. When you open a trade, your profit or loss is determined by how much the currency pair moves in your favor or against you. The more pips a currency pair moves in your favor, the more profit you make. The more pips a currency pair moves against you, the more loss you incur.

For example, let’s say you open a trade on the EUR/USD currency pair with a trade size of 1 lot and an exchange rate of 1.2000. If the currency pair moves in your favor by 50 pips, your profit would be:

### Conclusion

In conclusion, forex pips are a crucial aspect of forex trading. They are the smallest increment by which a currency pair can move and are used to measure the change in value between two currencies. Understanding how to calculate pips and how they affect your profits is essential for successful forex trading. With this knowledge, you can make informed trading decisions and manage your risk effectively.