Forex trading is a popular way to invest and make money through currency exchange. One of the most important concepts in forex trading is pips. Pips are a unit of measurement used to determine the movement of currency pairs in the forex market. Understanding what pips are and how they work is essential for any forex trader.
What are pips?
Pips, or “percentage in point,” are the smallest unit of price movement in the forex market. They represent the fourth decimal place in a currency pair’s price, with the exception of Japanese yen pairs, which have two decimal places.
For example, if the EUR/USD pair is trading at 1.2345, and it moves to 1.2346, this is a one-pip movement. If the pair moves from 1.2345 to 1.2355, this is a 10-pip movement.
Pips are used to measure the change in value between two currencies. When a currency pair moves up or down, the number of pips indicates how much the value has changed. Pips are an important factor in calculating profits and losses in forex trading.
How are pips calculated?
Pips are calculated by subtracting the opening price from the closing price of a currency pair. For example, if the opening price of the EUR/USD pair is 1.2345 and the closing price is 1.2355, the difference is 10 pips.
In some cases, the movement of a currency pair may be less than one pip. In this case, brokers may use fractional pips, also known as pipettes, to measure the movement. Pipettes are the fifth decimal place in a currency pair’s price.
For example, if the EUR/USD pair is trading at 1.23456, and it moves to 1.23457, this is a one-pipette movement.
Why are pips important in forex trading?
Pips are important in forex trading because they determine the value of a pip-based trade. A pip-based trade is a trade where the profit or loss is calculated based on the number of pips gained or lost.
For example, if a trader buys the EUR/USD pair at 1.2345 and sells it at 1.2355, they have made a profit of 10 pips. If the trader had bought 100,000 units of the EUR/USD pair, their profit would be $100 (assuming one pip is worth $10).
Pips are also important in determining the spread of a currency pair. The spread is the difference between the bid price and the ask price of a currency pair. The bid price is the price at which a trader can sell a currency pair, while the ask price is the price at which a trader can buy a currency pair.
For example, if the bid price for the EUR/USD pair is 1.2345 and the ask price is 1.2347, the spread is two pips. The spread is the source of profit for forex brokers, as they earn a commission on each trade based on the spread.
Pips are an essential concept in forex trading. They represent the smallest unit of price movement in a currency pair and are used to calculate profits and losses in pip-based trades. Pips are also important in determining the spread of a currency pair. Understanding what pips are and how they work can help forex traders make informed decisions and manage their trades more effectively.