The Importance of Pips in Forex Trading and How to Calculate Them


The Importance of Pips in Forex Trading and How to Calculate Them

In the world of forex trading, understanding pips is absolutely essential. Pips, short for “percentage in point,” are the smallest unit of measurement in currency trading. They are crucial for determining profits and losses, as well as setting stop-loss and take-profit levels. In this article, we will explore the importance of pips in forex trading and provide a step-by-step guide on how to calculate them.

What are Pips?

Pips represent the price movement of a currency pair in the forex market. They are typically measured in the fourth decimal place for most currency pairs, with some exceptions, such as the Japanese yen pairs, which are measured in the second decimal place. The value of a pip is determined by the size of the trade and the exchange rate of the currency pair.


The Importance of Pips

Pips play a crucial role in forex trading because they determine the profitability of a trade. When you enter a trade, the price will fluctuate based on market conditions. The difference between the entry price and the exit price is measured in pips, and this difference determines whether you make a profit or a loss.

For example, if you enter a long trade on EUR/USD at 1.2000 and exit the trade at 1.2050, you have made a profit of 50 pips. Conversely, if the price moves against you and you exit the trade at 1.1950, you would have incurred a loss of 50 pips.

Calculating Pips

Now that we understand the importance of pips, let’s dive into the process of calculating them. The formula for calculating pips varies depending on the currency pair and the quote currency. Here are the general steps to calculate pips:

Step 1: Identify the currency pair and the exchange rate

For example, let’s consider the GBP/USD pair, which is currently trading at 1.3000.

Step 2: Determine the quote currency

In this case, the quote currency is the USD.

Step 3: Determine the pip value

To calculate the pip value, we need to divide 0.0001 (for most currency pairs) by the exchange rate.

For the GBP/USD pair, the calculation would be as follows:

0.0001 / 1.3000 = 0.00007692

Step 4: Determine the trade size

Let’s assume we are trading one standard lot, which is equivalent to 100,000 units.

Step 5: Calculate the pip value in the base currency

To calculate the pip value in the base currency (GBP in this case), we need to multiply the pip value by the trade size.

For the GBP/USD pair with a trade size of one standard lot, the calculation would be:

0.00007692 * 100,000 = 7.692

Step 6: Convert the pip value to your account currency

If your trading account is denominated in a currency other than the base or quote currency, you need to convert the pip value to your account currency using the exchange rate.

For example, if your account currency is USD and the exchange rate is 1.2500, the calculation would be:

7.692 * 1.2500 = 9.615

Therefore, for one standard lot on the GBP/USD pair, each pip is worth approximately $9.62 in your account currency.


Understanding pips is crucial for forex traders as they determine the profitability of trades and help set appropriate risk management levels. By accurately calculating pips, traders can determine their potential profits and losses, as well as set stop-loss and take-profit levels based on their trading strategies.

It is important to note that some forex trading platforms provide pip calculators and automatic pip value calculations, making it easier for traders to focus on their trading strategies rather than manual calculations. However, it is essential for every forex trader to have a solid understanding of how pips are calculated to make informed trading decisions.

In summary, pips are the backbone of forex trading. They represent the smallest unit of measurement in currency trading and play a vital role in determining profits and losses. By mastering the art of calculating pips, traders can enhance their trading strategies and make more informed decisions in the dynamic world of forex trading.