EOS is the native cryptocurrency of the EOS blockchain. EOS blockchain is a decentralized open-source platform built to support the development of decentralized apps (DApps) with core functionalities helping to develop industrial-scale applications.
The EOS blockchain platform was announced its white paper in 2017 by a private company called block.one. The platform came into the market as an open-source platform in June 2018. The EOS is informally called the ‘Ethereum Killer’ in the crypto community. That is because this platform offers almost all the features of the original Ethereum platform but with a lot of improvements. These improvements enable DApp developers to build industrial level applications with ease.
While there are many blockchain platforms in action now, we can say each one has its unique features suitable to different industries in the market. Each platform is developed to overcome the shortcomings of its predecessor. EOS platform has been introduced to improve functionalities offered by Bitcoin and Ethereum platforms. EOS whitepaper says it is possible to run 1000 transactions per second during the initial stages, and later it aims to run a million transactions per second. Thus enabling industrial level applications to be run on the platform without scaling issues. Moreover, the platform has made transaction fees-free, making people choose EOS over other cryptos.
So how does the EOS work to hit a million transactions per second? EOS uses the Delegated Proof of Stake (DPoS) as its consensus algorithm. There will be only 21 block producing nodes in the network. These blocking producing nodes are chosen by the people in the network who hold EOS cryptocurrency on a voting process, which happens continuously. Thus, maintaining the integrity of the users in the system is of utmost importance to the block producing nodes. Hence the transaction should be validated by only these 21 nodes to get confirmed in a block, and it is a relatively straightforward process. The block producing nodes are rewarded with EOS for validating the nodes.
To ensure the native currency of the platform (EOS) is widely available, a billion coins were sold on the Ethereum platform as ERC 20 tokens. The ICO was held for an entire year. 10% of these tokens are reserved for Block.one, the founding company. EOS raised a record amount of $4 billion in its ICO, although the working product wasn’t available in the market then.
EOS stands at seventh place in the crypto world with close to $3 Billion in value. The price of each coin is $3.25 as of 30/10/2019. The 24-hour trading volume is around $2.5 billion, with 938 Million coins circulating in the market.
EOS began trading with a price of $1.03 in July 2017. The coin didn’t get much attention for the first four months, and the price started slumping. By November 2017, it was trading at $1.21, and by January 2018, it is traded at $18.06. Then from a peak of $18.06, it fell to $4.08 by March 2019. It slowly increased and decreased from then without a very drastic change, and the price as on 30th October 2019 is $3.25.
There has been a lot of negative talk about EOS, but crypto enthusiasts see high potential in the EOS platform because of the promising features it offers. Applications can be written in any language on EOS, unlike the Ethereum platform, which allows only its native programming language, Solidity. Hence not only crypto enthusiasts but also industry experts believe that the EOS platform is revolutionary due to its scaling and flexibility options.