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How forex works pdf?


Forex, or foreign exchange, is a decentralized global market where currencies are traded. The forex market is the most liquid market in the world, with an average daily trading volume of $5.3 trillion. Forex trading involves buying and selling currencies with the goal of making a profit. In order to understand how forex works, it is important to understand how the market is structured, how currencies are priced, and how traders can make money.

Structure of the Forex Market

The forex market is a decentralized market, meaning that there is no central exchange where all trades take place. Instead, trading takes place electronically over-the-counter (OTC). This means that traders can buy and sell currencies from anywhere in the world, 24 hours a day, five days a week. The forex market is open from Sunday at 5:00 PM EST until Friday at 5:00 PM EST.

The forex market is made up of several different participants, including banks, corporations, governments, and individual traders. The largest players in the market are banks, which account for more than 50% of all forex transactions. Banks trade currencies with each other in order to facilitate international trade and investment.

Currencies and Pips

Currencies are priced in pairs, such as the EUR/USD or GBP/USD. The first currency in the pair is the base currency, while the second currency is the quote currency. The exchange rate between the two currencies represents the amount of quote currency required to buy one unit of the base currency.

For example, if the EUR/USD exchange rate is 1.2000, it means that one euro is worth 1.2000 US dollars. If a trader believes that the euro will appreciate against the dollar, they can buy the EUR/USD pair. If the euro does indeed appreciate, the trader can sell the pair at a higher price and make a profit.

The smallest unit of price movement in the forex market is called a pip. A pip is the fourth decimal place in a currency pair’s exchange rate. For example, if the EUR/USD exchange rate moves from 1.2000 to 1.2001, it has moved one pip.

Making Money in Forex

Traders can make money in forex by buying a currency pair at a low price and selling it at a higher price, or by selling a currency pair at a high price and buying it at a lower price. The difference between the buying and selling price is called the spread.

Traders can also make money in forex by using leverage. Leverage allows traders to control a larger amount of currency with a smaller amount of capital. For example, if a trader has a leverage ratio of 100:1, they can control $100,000 worth of currency with only $1,000 of capital.

However, leverage can also increase the risk of losses. If a trader uses too much leverage and the market moves against them, they can lose more than their initial investment.


Forex is a complex market that requires a deep understanding of how currencies are priced and how traders can make money. The forex market is open 24 hours a day, five days a week, and is the most liquid market in the world. Traders can make money in forex by buying and selling currencies, using leverage, and understanding the risks involved. While forex trading can be lucrative, it is important to have a solid understanding of the market and to have a solid trading plan in place.


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