Forex Pip Definition: How to Calculate Pip Values


Forex Pip Definition: How to Calculate Pip Values

When it comes to trading in the forex market, understanding the concept of pips is essential. Pip stands for “percentage in point” or “price interest point,” and it represents the smallest unit of price movement in a currency pair. Pips are used to measure the change in value between two currencies, and they play a crucial role in determining profits and losses in forex trading.

Calculating pip values is an important skill that every forex trader should possess. In this article, we will explain what pips are, how they are calculated, and how to determine the monetary value of pips.


What is a Pip?

A pip is the fourth decimal place in a currency pair’s price, except for currency pairs involving the Japanese yen, where it is the second decimal place. For example, if the EUR/USD pair moves from 1.2000 to 1.2001, it has moved one pip. Similarly, if the USD/JPY pair moves from 110.50 to 110.51, it has also moved one pip.

Pips represent the smallest price movement in a currency pair and are used to quantify profits or losses. They are crucial in determining the spread, which is the difference between the bid and ask price of a currency pair.

How to Calculate Pip Values

To calculate the value of a pip, you need to consider three factors: the currency pair being traded, the size of the trade, and the exchange rate.

The formula to calculate pip values is as follows:

Pip Value = (0.0001 / Exchange Rate) * Trade Size

Let’s break down the components of this formula:

Exchange Rate: This is the current exchange rate of the currency pair being traded. For example, if you are trading the EUR/USD pair and the exchange rate is 1.2000, you would use this value in the calculation.

Trade Size: This refers to the number of lots or units you are trading. A lot is a standardized unit in forex trading, and it represents a certain amount of the base currency. The standard lot size is 100,000 units, but there are also mini lots (10,000 units) and micro lots (1,000 units).

0.0001: This value represents the pip value for most currency pairs except for those involving the Japanese yen. For yen-based pairs, the pip value is 0.01.

Let’s consider an example to illustrate the calculation:

Suppose you are trading the EUR/USD pair with a trade size of 1 standard lot (100,000 units) and the exchange rate is 1.2000. Using the formula, we can calculate the pip value as follows:

Pip Value = (0.0001 / 1.2000) * 100,000 = 8.33

Therefore, each pip in this trade is worth $8.33.

It’s important to note that the pip value will vary depending on the currency pair being traded and the exchange rate. Cross currency pairs, which do not involve the US dollar, may have different pip values. Additionally, if your trading account is denominated in a currency other than the base currency of the pair you are trading, you will need to convert the pip value to your account currency.

Understanding the monetary value of pips is crucial for risk management and position sizing. By knowing the pip value, traders can determine the potential profit or loss on a trade before entering it. This information helps in setting appropriate stop-loss and take-profit levels and managing overall risk.


Pips are an essential concept in forex trading, representing the smallest unit of price movement in a currency pair. Calculating pip values allows traders to determine the monetary value of their trades and manage risk effectively. By understanding how to calculate pip values, traders can make informed decisions and optimize their trading strategies.