Forex AKA Foreign exchange is the largest market in the world where all the global currencies are traded. It can also be considered as a place where individuals, companies, and banks convert one currency into another. The entire Forex market is decentralized and is maintained by the banks across the globe. On average, the daily trading volume of the whole Forex market is more than $5 trillion. This explains the sheer size and liquidity of this market. Forex market is an essential part of the global economy and is active 24/5 (From Monday to Friday)
Typically, the exchange of goods and services happens for money, and this money is nothing but currency. The respective country’s governments determine the value of that currency. Hence the value of one country’s currency is never equal to that of another. This is the reason why we need foreign exchange to exchange one country’s currency to others. Forex market is essential for any of the global imports/exports to happen, for any employer who needs to pay salaries to their overseas employees, for a tourist who is traveling abroad, etc.
It refers to the buying and selling of currencies that belong to different countries. In Forex trading, the buying and selling of currencies happen at the same time. That is, if a trader is trading EURUSD pair, he/she is essentially selling the USD he has in order to buy Euros. Traders make a profit when they sell a currency at a higher price than the cost they paid to buy that particular currency. This entire process was complicated even a decade ago. But now, with the advent of technology, anyone can start trading by using a lot of online trading systems.
As discussed above, the buying and selling of currencies happen in pairs. There are three types of Forex currency pairs. They are Majors, Minors, and Exotics.
Major currency pairs are those where the USD is involved. These are the most frequently traded pairs in the market, and they make up to ~85% of the Forex transactions that happen in a day.
Examples: EUR/USD, USD/JPY, GBP/USD etc.
Minor currency pairs are those that don’t contain USD. They are also known as cross pairs. Euro, Pound, and Yen are the most popular currencies that make up the minor currency pairs.
Examples: EUR/CHF, AUD/JPY, GBP/CAD etc.
Exotic pairs are the ones where one is a major currency, and the other is a small or emerging currency.
Examples: USD/PLN, GBP/MXN, EUR/CZK etc.
Types of Forex markets
Spot market – The physical exchange of the currency pair takes place at the point of trade, i.e., as soon as the price is fixed between buyer and seller. The transaction is settled on the spot or at least within a short period of time.
Forward market – Here, a contract is made between the buyer and seller, where they agree upon a price to exchange the currency pair. This contract will be settled at a date in the future or within a range of future dates.
Futures market – Even in this type of market, a contract is fixed between the buyer and seller. A price is set on a future date delivery. The difference between Forward and Futures market is that in the latter, the contract is legally bonded between the parties.
That’s about the introduction to the Forex market. We hope you had a good read. In the next article, we will talk about some important Forex terms and phrases. Now, let’s see if you can get the below questions right.[wp_quiz id=”41271″]